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Arthroconidia are a type of fungal spores typically produced by segmentation of pre-existing fungal hyphae.

Arthroconidia of Coccidioides immitis

These spores are asexual and are generally not as durable and environmentally persistent as, for instance, bacterial endospores or chlamydospores. Some medically significant pathogens, such as Coccidioides immitis, and Coccidioides posadasii, both causative agents of Coccidioidomycosis (also known as San Joaquin Valley fever), are transmitted through airborne arthroconidia.

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