|Arthur Douglas Amiotte|
|Born||Wanblí Ta Hócoka Washté
March 25, 1942
Pine Ridge, South Dakota
|Education||BA Northern State University|
|Known for||collage, printmaking, painting|
Arthur Amiotte was born on March 25, 1942 in Pine Ridge, South Dakota on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation. He was given the name Warpa Tanka Kuciyela or Low Black Bird as an infant, but received his second Lakota name in 1972. Amiotte's parents are Walter Douglas Amiotte and Olive Louise Mesteth. His great-grandfather was Standing Bear. He lived in the reservation until he was six and then visited it during summers up to the age of 15.
During his studies at Northern State University in Aberdeen, South Dakota, Arthur Amiotte attended a workshop from Oscar Howe in 1961. By this encounter, Arthur Amiotte got a concrete example of how a native artist can be a contemporary artist. Arthur Amiotte received his Bachelor’s Degree in Art and Art Education and was subsequently a teacher at Woodrow Wilson Junior High School in Sioux City from 1964 to 1966.
Two mentors, in particular, guided Amiotte. From 1969 to 1975, his grandmother Christina Standing Bear, a sacred bundle keeper, taught him the heritage of his great-grandfather Standing Bear (Mató Nájin), who illustrated Black Elk Speaks. In the period from 1972 to 1981, Arthur Amiotte was influenced by the Lakota medicine man Pete Catches (Oglala Lakota), who introduced Amiotte to Lakota spirituality and rituals belonging to Lakota traditions.
Amiotte was professor of Native American art history at Brandon University, Manitoba, but in 1985, he decided to dedicate himself to art and he established his studio in Custer, South Dakota in 1986.
Amiotte curated exhibitions about the culture of the tribes on the Great Plains, such as at the Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian in Santa Fe, New Mexico; the Akta Lakota Museum in Chamberlain, South Dakota; the Buffalo Bill Historical Center of Cody, Wyoming; and the Museum of World Cultures of Frankfurt am Main, Germany in 2006. In 2004, Arthur Amiotte lectured Oscar Howe Memorial Lecture
Main exhibitions and artworks
Lakota philosophy and oral history form the foundation of Amiotte's artistic work. His creativity as a whole is an expression of the Lakól wicóh’an washtélaka – the love of the Lakota traditions. Amiotte promotes Lakota rituals and the visionary experiences during the traditional ceremonies also find their impact on his artistic work.
Amiotte defines his work as being bound to the reservation culture which bridges the gap between yesterday and today, a split which is often mastered in an amazing manner. Amiotte has said, "I realized that contemporary art was ignoring the whole reservation period. This had been a dynamic time. Some people were going to school in the east, to Carlisle and Hampton... People were moving onto land allotments. They were familiar with print media, exposed to lots of magazines, pictures, photographs... Daily life was infused with this mixture of nonliterate/literate. There were new technologies... it seemed to me that it was more honest to deal with all this in my art, rather than to create a fake hide painting."
His collage work is inspired by Ledger art but takes it to a new level. In a pointed and sharp-witted manner, they reveal the discrepancy of Lakota culture between tradition and modernism ("The Visit," 1995, Acrylic-Collage; Buffalo Bill Historical Center, Wyoming). He also explores experiences of Lakota people in Europe, during the Wild West show era of the early 20th century.
Amiotte has participated in over 100 exhibitions, including over 20 solo exhibitions. He has shown throughout the United States and Europe, including at the Kunsthallen Bradts Klaedefabrik in Odense, Denmark in 1994-5.
His work, ranging from painting to sculpture and textile objects, is present in 26 public and about 200 private collections. His work is included in such public collections as the Denver Art Museum, the Sequoyah National Research Center in Little Rock, Arkansas, the National Museum of Natural History, as well as the following institutions.
- The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, The Ethel Morrison Van Derlip Fund
- Prince Albert, 1989, Collage and acrylic on canvas
- 1913 Spring/Summer 1913- Giving Away His Suit, 1990
- New Horse Power in 1913, 1994, acrylic and collage on canvas
- Ascent of the Maiden, 1964, casein (tempera) on paper
- "Saint Agnes" Manderson, S.D. Pine Ridge Rez, 2001, Acrylic and collage on canvas, Purchased through the Phyllis and Bertram Geller 1937 Memorial Fund
- The Visitors from Oklahoma, 1996, Collage and acrylic
Publications and lectures
He frequently lectures at home and abroad and is a published author. In 1989 Amiotte wrote with a chapter about Sioux Arts in the important volume, Illustrated History of the Arts in South Dakota, published during the state's centennial.
- Amiotte, Arthur (1987). The Lakota Sun Dance - Historical and Contemporary Perspectives, in: Sioux Indian Religion. Raymond J. DeMaillie/Douglas R. Parks, Norman.
- Amiotte, Arthur (1989). Eagles Fly Over, sowie: Our Other Selves, in: I Become Part of It - Sacred Dimensions in Native American Life. New York: D.M. Dooling/Paul Jordan-Smith.
- Amiotte, Vic; Runnels. Art and Indian Children of the Dakotas, Book Five - An Introduction to Art and Other Ideas. Washington/BIA Aberdeen S.D., o.J.
- Indian Arts and Crafts Board of the U.S. Department of the Interior, Photographs and Poems by Sioux Children, from the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation, South Dakota, selected by Myles Libhart and Arthur Amiotte, with an essay by Arthur Amiotte, Rapid City 1971.
From 1979 to 1981, Amiotte served on the Presidential Advisory Council for the Performing Arts in Washington, DC. In 1980, he was awarded the South Dakota Governor’s Award for Outstanding Creative Achievement in Arts. That same year, Amiotte was awarded the Bush Leadership Fellowship, which allowed him to study Northern Plains art collections in the United States and Europe at the University of Montana-Missoula.
Amiotte was awarded various fellowships and grants, including the Lila Wallace Readers Digest Artists at Giverny, France in 2002; the Bush Artist Fellowship; and the Getty Foundation Grant in 1994-5.
- Lester, 14
- Indyke, Dottie. ""Arthur Amiotte." Southwest Art.".
- Sprague, Donovin (8 July 2008). "Arthur Amiotte to provide program at Crazy Horse Memorial on August 14th". Black Hills News Bureau.
- "Oglala Lakota artist Arthur Amiotte to present at Encounter Center". Sioux City Journal. 15 November 2009.
- Bates, 96
- Oscar Howe Memorial Lecture
- Berlo, Janet Catherine. Spirit Beings and Sun Dancers – Black Hawk’s Vision of the Lakota World. P. 153
- McFadden and Taubman, 241
- Prince Albert, 1989 at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts
- 1913 Spring/Summer 1913-Giving Away His Suit, 1990 at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts
- New Horse Power in 1913, 1994 at the Joslyn Art Museum
- Ascent of the Maiden, 1964 at the Joslyn Art Museum
- "Saint Agnes" Manderson, S.D. Pine Ridge Rez, 2001 at the Hood Museum of Art
- The Visitors from Oklahoma, 1996 at Whitney Gallery of Western Art
- "Bush Foundation Fellowships—Creating Broader Impact: A Study of How Individuals Contribute to the Strength of Communities, Institutions and Fields" (PDF).
- "Lifetime Achievement Award". Native American Art Studies Association. naasa.
- Bates, Sara, curator. Indian Humor. San Francisco: American Indian Contemporary Arts, 1995. ISBN 1-887427-00-7.
- Lester, Patrick D. The Biographical Directory of Native American Painters. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1995. ISBN 0-8061-9936-9.
- McFadden, David Revere and Ellen Napiura Taubman. Changing Hands: Art without Reservation 2: Contemporary Native North American Art from the West, Northwest and Pacific. New York: Museum of Arts and Design, 2005. ISBN 1-890385-11-5.
- Berlo, Janet Catherine (2000). Spirit beings and sun dancers: Black Hawk's vision of the Lakota world. George Braziller, in association with the New York State Historical Association. p. 190. ISBN 0-8076-1465-3.
- National Museum of the American Indian (U.S.) (1994). This path we travel: celebrations of contemporary Native American creativity. National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution, and Fulcrum Pub. p. 126. ISBN 978-1-55591-205-5.
- "Giveaway for the Gods: An Interview with Arthur Amiotte". Parabola: The Magazine of Myth and Tradition 15:4 (Winter): 38–49. 1990. ISSN 0362-1596.
- Loeb, Barbara (1985). "Arthur Amiotte's banners". American Indian art magazine 10 (2 (spring 1985)): 54–59. ISSN 0192-9968. OCLC 43941620.
- Vigil, Jennifer Claire. "Drawing Past, Present and Future: The Legacy of the Plains Indian Graphic Tradition in the Works of Arthur Amiotte." Ph D Dissertation, University of Iowa, 2004
- Warren, Louis S. (2005). "Standing Bear". Buffalo Bill's America: William Cody and the Wild West Show. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 396. ISBN 978-0-375-41216-5.
Museums and exhibitions catalogs
- "Arthur Amiotte: Collages, 1988-2006 - November 19, 2006-April 29, 2007". Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian.
- "Picturing Change: The Impact of Ledger Drawings on Native American Art - December 11, 2004 - May 15, 2005". The Hood Museum of Art at Dartmouth College.
- Amiotte, Arthur; Berlo, Janet Catherine. Arthur Amiotte: collages, 1988 - 2006. Santa Fe: Wheelwright Museum of the American Indian. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-9622777-5-7.
- "Arthur Amiotte Retrospective: Continuity and Diversity - August 18 - December 31, 2002". Buffalo Bill Historical Center.
- Amiotte, Arthur; Day, John A. (2001). Arthur Amiotte: retrospective exhibition, continuity and diversity. The Heritage Center. p. 42. OCLC 50021499.
- "The Fenimore Art Museum Receives an Important Collection of Native American Art and Two New Acquisitions". Fenimore Art Museum. 9 March 2007.