3 August 1895|
|Died||18 April 1981
|Allegiance|| German Empire (to 1918)
Weimar Republic (to 1919)
|Years of service||1914–19
|Commands held||Infanterie-Regiment 134|
|Awards||Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross|
|Other work||Police Officer|
Arthur Boje (3 August 1895 – 18 April 1981) was a highly decorated Oberst in the Wehrmacht during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross. The Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross was awarded to recognise extreme battlefield bravery or successful military leadership. Arthur Boje, commanding officer of Grenadier Regiment 134, part of the 44th Infantry Division was captured by Soviet troops in 1943 after the fall of Stalingrad. As a prisoner of war, he was interrogated and tortured in Moscow's infamous Lubjanka prison and was subsequently imprisoned in some of the worst Soviet labor camps and deported to Kazakhstan. He refused to join the National Committee for a Free Germany (NKFD) founded by General v. Seydlitz-Kurzbach on Soviet orders. Boje was released with the last German POWs in January 1956.
Awards and decorations
- Iron Cross (1914)
- 2nd Class (18 November 1915)
- 1st Class (22 November 1917)
- Wound Badge (1914)
- in Silver
- Honour Cross of the World War 1914/1918 (10 December 1934)
- Iron Cross (1939)
- 2nd Class (19 September 1939)
- 1st Class (4 October 1940)
- Eastern Front Medal
- Infantry Assault Badge (1 November 1940)
- German Cross in Gold (26 December 1941)
- Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 5 February 1942 as Oberst and commander of Infanterie-Regiment 134
- Fellgiebel 2000, p. 118.
- Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000). Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 – Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
- Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8.
- Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2.
- Boje, Arthur (2002) Stalins deutsche Agenten. Ein Kriegsgefangener berichtet Graz, Austria: Leopold Stocker Verlag. ISBN 3-7020-0946-9