Arthur County, Nebraska

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Arthur County, Nebraska
Arthur County, Nebraska courthouse from N 2.JPG
Arthur County Courthouse in Arthur, Nebraska
Map of Nebraska highlighting Arthur County
Location in the state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location in the U.S.
Founded 1913
Named for Chester A. Arthur
Seat Arthur
Largest village Arthur
Area
 • Total 718 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Land 715 sq mi (1,852 km2)
 • Water 3 sq mi (8 km2), 0.41%
Population
 • (2010) 460
 • Density 1/sq mi (0.25/km²)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/-6

Arthur County is a county located in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 census, the population was 460.[1] It is the least populous county in Nebraska and the fifth-least populous county in the United States. Its county seat is Arthur.[2]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Arthur County is represented by the prefix 91 (it had the ninety-first-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

Arthur County is home to the Baled Hay Church, and to the smallest court house in the United States, which serves as a museum.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 718 square miles (1,859.6 km2), of which 715 square miles (1,851.8 km2) is land and 3 square miles (7.8 km2) (0.41%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Arthur County was formed in 1913. It was named after President Chester A. Arthur. Arthur County was formed from what had been McPherson County after there had been an effort to move the McPherson County seat from Tryon to the more centrally located Flats. Rather than lose the county seat the residents of Tryon agreed to have the county divided approximately in half when it was discovered that such a division had been part of earlier governmental planning. The county seat for Arthur County became the newly formed Arthur, which was formed and incorporated for that purpose. The village of Arthur is located in a valley location near the geographic center of the county.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890 91
1920 1,412
1930 1,344 −4.8%
1940 1,045 −22.2%
1950 803 −23.2%
1960 680 −15.3%
1970 606 −10.9%
1980 513 −15.3%
1990 462 −9.9%
2000 444 −3.9%
2010 460 3.6%
Est. 2012 486 5.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
2012 Estimate[1]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 444 people, 185 households, and 138 families residing in the county. The population density was 0.618 people per square mile (0.239/km²). There were 273 housing units at an average density of 0.380 per square mile (0.147/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.40% White, 0.23% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 0.90% from other races, and 1.58% from two or more races. 1.35% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 50.4% were of German, 13.1% English, 6.2% Irish and 5.7% Swedish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 185 households out of which 27.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.20% were married couples living together, 7.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.40% were non-families. 21.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.80.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.90% under the age of 18, 5.40% from 18 to 24, 29.50% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, and 16.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 101.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $27,375, and the median income for a family was $31,979. Males had a median income of $21,544 versus $13,125 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,810. About 7.90% of families and 13.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.10% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.

Comparisons[edit]

By population, Arthur County is the smallest county in Nebraska and the fifth-smallest in the United States, following Loving County, Texas, Kalawao County, Hawaii, King County, Texas, and Kenedy County, Texas.

In the 2004 presidential election, Arthur County was one of the most Republican-leaning counties in the country; 90.2% of its electorate voted for Republican incumbent George W. Bush (compared to 9.0% for Democratic challenger John F. Kerry) [2]. In the 2008 presidential election, 82.5% of its electorate voted for Republican John S. McCain (compared to 14.8% for Democrat Barack H. Obama) [3].

More than 50% of the county residents are Baptists [4], making it the most Northern majority Baptist county in the United States [5].

Communities[edit]

Village[edit]

2010 United States Census population[7]

Other place[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 17, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Census 2010 Gazetteer Files". Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  4. ^ [1] Retrieved on March 15, 2008.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved September 17, 2013. 
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions: Nebraska". Population Census. 2010 United States Census. 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2011-08-04. 

Coordinates: 41°34′N 101°42′W / 41.57°N 101.70°W / 41.57; -101.70