Arthur Crudup at the College of Commerce, Edinburgh, 1969 (Photo by Phil Wight)
|Birth name||Arthur Crudup|
|Also known as||Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup; Arthur William Crudup; Elmer Jones; Percy Lee Crudup|
August 24, 1905|
Forest, Mississippi, United States
|Died||March 28, 1974
Northampton County, Virginia, United States
|Genres||Blues, Delta blues, Rock and roll|
Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup (August 24, 1905 – March 28, 1974) was an American Delta blues singer, songwriter and guitarist. He is best known outside blues circles for writing songs such as "That's All Right" (1946), "My Baby Left Me" and "So Glad You're Mine", later covered by Elvis Presley and dozens of other artists.
Arthur Crudup was born in Forest, Mississippi. For a time he lived and worked throughout the South and Midwest as a migrant worker. He and his family returned to Mississippi in 1926. He sang gospel, then began his career as a blues singer around Clarksdale, Mississippi. As a member of the Harmonizing Four, he visited Chicago in 1939. Crudup stayed in Chicago to work as a solo musician, but barely made a living as a street singer. Record producer Lester Melrose allegedly found him while he was living in a packing crate, introduced him to Tampa Red and signed him to a recording contract with RCA Victor's Bluebird label.
He recorded with RCA in the late 1940s and with Ace Records, Checker Records and Trumpet Records in the early 1950s and toured black clubs in the South, including with Sonny Boy Williamson II and Elmore James. He also recorded under the names Elmer James and Percy Lee Crudup. His songs "Mean Old 'Frisco Blues", "Who's Been Foolin' You" and "That's All Right" were popular in the South.
Crudup stopped recording in the 1950s, because of further battles over royalties. His last Chicago session was in 1951. His 1952-54 recording sessions for Victor were held at radio station WGST in Atlanta. He returned to recording with Fire Records and Delmark Records and touring in 1965. Sometimes labeled as "The Father of Rock and Roll", he accepted this title with some bemusement. Throughout this time Crudup worked as a laborer to augment the non-existent royalties and the small wages he received as a singer. Crudup returned to Mississippi after a dispute with Melrose over royalties, then went into bootlegging, and later moved to Virginia where he had lived and worked as a musician and laborer. In the early 1970s, two local Virginia activists, Celia Santiago and Margaret Carter, assisted him in an attempt to gain royalties he felt he was due, with little success.
From the mid-1960s, Crudup returned to bootlegging and working as an agricultural laborer, chiefly in Virginia, where he lived with his family including three sons and several of his own siblings. While he lived in relative poverty as a field laborer, he occasionally sang and supplied moonshine to a number of drinking establishments, including one called The Dew-Drop Inn, in Northampton County, for some time prior to his death from complications of heart disease and diabetes. On a 1970 trip to the United Kingdom, he recorded "Roebuck Man" with local musicians. His last professional engagements were with Bonnie Raitt.
There was some confusion as to his actual date of death because of his use of several names, including those of his siblings. He died of a heart attack in the Nassawadox hospital in Northampton County, Virginia in March 1974.
- Mean Ol' Frisco (1962)
- Crudup's Mood (Delmark, 1969)
- Look On Yonder's Wall (Delmark, 1969)
- Roebuck Man (Sequel, 1974)
- Sunny Road – with Jimmy Dawkins and Willie Smith (Delmark, 1969)
- Arthur "BigBoy" Crudup Meets the Master Blues Bassists – with Willie Dixon and Ransom Knowling (Delmark, 1994)
- Rock Me Mama (Tomato, 2002)
- Official legal title of Crudup's 'That's All Right'
- Groom, Bob, Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup, Complete Recorded Works Vol.3 (11 March 1949 to 15 January 1952) DOCD-5203, Document Records, 1993.
- Russell, Tony (1997). The Blues - From Robert Johnson to Robert Cray. Dubai: Carlton Books Limited. p. 105. ISBN 1-85868-255-X.
- Thedeadrockstarsclub.com - accessed November 2009
- Mississippi Blues Commission. "Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup". msbluestrail.org. Retrieved 1 February 2010.
- Biography of Arthur Crudup
- Arthur Crudup at AllMusic
- Arthur "Big Boy" Crudup discography at Discogs
- Biography, links and song extracts
- Biographical data on Arthur Crudup
- Illustrated Arthur Crudup discography
- Works by or about Arthur Crudup in libraries (WorldCat catalog)