Arthur Davison Ficke
|Arthur Davison Ficke|
|Born||Arthur Davison Ficke
November 10, 1883
Davenport, Iowa, USA
|Died||November 30, 1945
Hudson, New York, USA
|Other names||Anne Knish|
|Known for||Sonnets of a Portrait Painter; Spectra|
|Spouse(s)||Evelyn B Blunt
|Children||Stanhope Blunt Ficke|
Arthur Davison Ficke (November 10, 1883–November 30, 1945) was an American poet, playwright, and expert of Japanese art. Ficke had a national reputation as "a poet's poet," and "one of America's most expert sonneteers." Under the alias Anne Knish, Ficke co-authored Spectra (1916). A spoof of then-trending experimental verse, the collection of strange poems unexpectedly caused a sensation among modernist critics which eclipsed Ficke's recognition as a traditional prose stylist. Ficke is also known for his relationship with poetess Edna St. Vincent Millay.
After years of illness, Ficke took his own life in 1945.
A native of Davenport, Iowa, Ficke is associated with other local writers known as the Davenport group. His work was influenced by Japanese artistic traditions, which he had been familiar with since childhood; his father, an art dealer, imported Japanese art in the last decade of the 19th century, when it was extremely popular. Ficke wrote several popular treatises on Japanese art during his career, among them Chats on Japanese Prints, published in 1915.
Sticking to traditional styles and forms when modernism was dominating the world of literature and poets were prone to experimentation, Ficke was noted for being "in the best sense a conservative force in our poetry." Much of his early work was in traditional meter and rhyme scheme; Sonnets of a Portrait-Painter (1914) is a noteworthy example. Ficke was displeased by what he saw as the inaesthetic nature of contemporary experimentation, which was the main motivation for the Spectra hoax, intended as a satire of modern poetry. Ironically, his experience writing Spectra influenced him to begin experimenting with other forms; Christ in the Desert was his first more modernistic work, without traditional meter or rhyme scheme.
- (1907) From the Isles: A Series of Songs out of Greece.
- (1907) The Happy Princess, and Other Poems.
- (1908) The Earth Passion, Boundary, and Other Poems.
- (1910) Some Recent Poems of Note.
- (1914) Sonnets of a Portrait-Painter.
- (1915) The Man on the Hilltop, and Other Poems.
- (1916) Spectra: A Book of Poetic Experiments; as Anne Knish, with Witter Bynner as Emanuel Morgan.
- (1917) An April Elegy.
- (1924) Out of Silence, and Other Poems.
- (1926) Selected Poems.
- (1927) Christ in China: A Poem.
- (1929) Mountain against Mountain.
- (1936) The Secret, and Other Poems.
- (1942) Tumultuous Shore, and Other Poems.
- (1910) The Breaking of Bonds: A Drama of the Social Unrest.
- (1913) Mr. Faust.
- (1930) The Road to the Mountain: A Lyrical Pageant in Three Acts.
- (1951) The Ghost of Sharaku.
- (1939) Mrs. Morton of Mexico.
- (1913) Twelve Japanese Painters.
- (1915) Chats on Japanese Prints.
- William Jay Smith, The Spectra Hoax. (Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 1961)
- Milford, Nancy, Savage Beauty: The Life of Edna St. Vincent Millay. (New York: Random House, 2002).
- Meade, Marion, Bobbed Hair and Bathtub Gin: Writers Running Wild in the Twenties . (Mariner Books, 2005).
- Brynner, Witter. "Ave Atque Vale." Poetry. Vol. 68, No. 1 (Apr., 1946), pp. 56-58. Poetry Foundation, 1946. p. 57.
- Stump, Bethany. "Ficke, Arthur Davison" The Biographical Dictionary of Iowa. University of Iowa Press, 2009. Web. 10 February 2014
- Noe, Marcia. "Arthur Davison Ficke" Dictionary of Midwestern Literature Volume One: The Authors. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 2001. pp. 194. Print.
- Floyd Dell, "The Ficke Wing," Measure, no. 42 (August 1924) : 13.
- Biography and bibliography of Ficke by Poetry Foundation
- Twins in My Cradle: Arthur Davison Ficke, Iowa Poet
- Famous Iowans: Arthur Davison Ficke (Des Moines Register)
- Japanese influences on Ficke's work
- Arthur Davison Ficke, themargins.net. A detailed bibliography of Ficke's main works
- Sonnets of a Portrait-Painter (full text available from Google Books)
- 1921 private letter to Ficke from Millay
- Arthur Davison Ficke Papers at Yale University Library