Arthur Drakeford

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The Honourable
Arthur Drakeford
Arthur Drakeford.jpg
Member of the Australian Parliament
for Maribyrnong
In office
15 September 1934 – 10 December 1955
Preceded by James Fenton
Succeeded by Philip Stokes
Personal details
Born (1878-04-26)26 April 1878
Fitzroy, Victoria
Died 9 June 1957(1957-06-09) (aged 79)
Moonee Ponds, Victoria
Nationality Australian
Political party Australian Labor Party
Spouse(s) Ellen Unger
Occupation Unionist

Arthur Samuel Drakeford (26 April 1878 – 9 June 1957) was an Australian politician and was the minister responsible for the Royal Australian Air Force during World War II. He was also responsible for the establishment of the former domestic carrier Trans Australia Airlines and for the nationalisation of Qantas.

Drakeford was born in the Melbourne suburb of Fitzroy and his first job was cleaning railway engines at Benalla. In May 1902 he married Ellen Tyrie, but she died in 1906. In 1903 he became secretary of the Benalla branch of the Locomotive Engine Drivers' and Firemen's Association (LEDFA) and joined the Australian Labor Party. In 1908, he moved to Melbourne as an engine driver. In 1911 he married Ellen Unger. He was vice-president of the LEDFA from 1914 to 1915, its president from 1916 to 1917 and general secretary from 1918. In 1920 he became the first federal secretary of the new Australian Federated Union of Locomotive Enginemen and from 1929 to 1948 was its national president. In 1927 he became senior vice-president of the Australasian Council of Trade Unions on its foundation in 1927. He became president of the Labor Party's Victorian central executive in 1929.[1]

Political career[edit]

Drakeford was elected as the member for the Victorian Legislative Assembly seat of Essendon in 1927, but was defeated in 1932, partly as a result of his opposition to the fiscally conservative Premiers' Plan drawn up in response to the Great Depression. In the 1934 election, he was elected as the member for Maribyrnong and held it until the 1955 election. Following the coming to power of John Curtin in October 1941 during World War II, he became Minister for the Air and Minister for Civil Aviation and held both positions until Labor's defeat at the 1949 election. He concentrated on obtaining resources for the Royal Australian Air Force and attempting to sort out its leadership issues rather than intervening in military strategy. He was a member of War Cabinet from 1941 to 1946 and Minister for the Navy from August to November 1946 on the resignation of Norman Makin to become Ambassador to the United States.[1]

After the war, he concentrated on the establishment of a state-owned airline. He set up the Australian National Airlines Commission, which established Trans Australia Airlines in 1946. Although Labor had intended this to be a monopoly, this was invalidated by the High Court under section 51(i) of the Australian Constitution, which guarantees free trade between the states. In 1947, he was in charge of the purchase of Qantas Empire Airways Ltd from Imperial Airways and its establishment as Australia's flag carrier. 1947, he was president of the first assembly of the permanent body of the International Civil Aviation Organization in Montreal, Canada.[1]

Drakeford lost his seat at the 1955 election, as a result of the 1954 Labor Party split leading to the creation of the Democratic Labor Party. While he had a large lead on the first count, DLP preferences flowed overwhelmingly to Liberal challenger Philip Stokes on the second count, allowing Stokes to win by only 114 votes.

He died in 1957 at his home in the Melbourne suburb of Moonee Ponds, survived by his wife and their four daughters. The son of his first marriage, Arthur Drakeford Jr. represented the Legislative Assembly seat of Essendon from 1945 to 1947 and Pascoe Vale from 1955 to 1958.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bongiorno, Frank (1996). "Drakeford, Arthur Samuel (1878–1957)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 15 December 2007. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
John McEwen
Minister for the Air and
Minister for Civil Aviation

1941–1949
Succeeded by
Thomas White
Preceded by
Norman Makin
Minister for the Navy
1946
Succeeded by
Bill Riordan
Parliament of Australia
Preceded by
James Fenton
Member for Maribyrnong
1934–1955
Succeeded by
Philip Stokes