Arthur E. Popham (1889 – 1970) was a British art historian. Most of his life he worked at the British Museum and became especially renowned for his catalogue work. He mainly focussed on Italian art.
He was born Arthur Ewart Hugh Popham in Plymouth, England and died in Islington in north London. He was married to Brynhild Olivier.
At the outbreak of World War I in 1914, Popham joined the Royal Naval Air Service. During his service, he was awarded the French Croix de guerre.