Arthur Foljambe, 2nd Earl of Liverpool
|The Right Honourable
The Earl of Liverpool
GCB, GCMG, GBE, MVO, PC, DL, JP
|1st Governor-General of New Zealand|
28 June 1917 – 8 July 1920
|Succeeded by||The Viscount Jellicoe|
|16th Governor of New Zealand|
19 December 1912 – 28 June 1917
|Preceded by||The Lord Islington|
May 27, 1870|
|Died||May 15, 1941
Cranwick Hall, Lincoln, Lincolnshire,
|Alma mater||Royal Military College, Sandhurst|
Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 2nd Earl of Liverpool GCB, GCMG, GBE, MVO, PC, DL, JP (27 May 1870 – 15 May 1941), styled Viscount Hawkesbury between 1905 and 1907, was a British Liberal politician, the 16th and last Governor of New Zealand, and the first Governor-General of New Zealand.
Background and education
Born at Compton Place, Eastbourne, Sussex, Liverpool was the eldest son and only surviving child of Cecil Foljambe, 1st Earl of Liverpool, by his first wife Louisa Howard, daughter of Frederick John Howard. On his mother's side he descended from Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington, the architect. He was educated at Eton and the Sandhurst before joining the Rifle Brigade.
Foljambe served in the Second Boer War and was promoted to Captain. In July 1901 he was appointed an extra Aides-de-camp to the Earl Cadogan, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He retired from the army in 1906.
Liverpool succeeded his father in the earldom in 1907 and took his seat in the House of Lords on the Liberal benches. In July 1909 he was appointed Comptroller of the Household in the Liberal administration of H. H. Asquith, a post he held until 1912. The latter year he was appointed Governor of New Zealand. In 1917 the office was raised in dignity to that of Governor-General of New Zealand. The same year Liverpool was also admitted to the Privy Council. His term was extended to cover the visit of the Prince of Wales. He retired as Governor-General in 1920 and was appointed Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) on 7 October 1920.
During the First World War, Liverpool conferred his name upon a New Zealand infantry regiment. The New Zealand Rifle Brigade (Earl of Liverpool's Own) was formed in 1915, served with the New Zealand Division during the war and was disbanded in 1919.
Lord Liverpool married the Hon. Annette Louise Monck, daughter of Henry Monck, 5th Viscount Monck, in 1897. They had no children. In 1918, Annette, Countess of Liverpool was appointed Dame Grand Cross of the Order of the British Empire (GBE). He owned Hartsholme Hall from 1909 to 1939.
- LIVERPOOL, Sir Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, Earl of at teara.govt.nz
- Arthur William de Brito Savile Foljambe, 2nd Earl of Liverpool
- The London Gazette: . 10 December 1901.
- The London Gazette: . 13 July 1909.
- The London Gazette: . 1 November 1912.
- The London Gazette: . 20 September 1912.
- The London Gazette: . 13 July 1917.
- The London Gazette: . 3 July 1917.
The Master of Elibank
|Comptroller of the Household
The Lord Saye and Sele
The Lord Islington
|Governor of New Zealand
|Office renamed||Governor-General of New Zealand
The Viscount Jellicoe
|Peerage of the United Kingdom|
|Earl of Liverpool