|Date of birth||July 18, 1892|
|Place of birth||São Paulo, Brazil|
|Date of death||September 6, 1969(aged 77)|
|Place of death||São Paulo, Brazil|
|Height||1.70 m (5 ft 7 in)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
† Appearances (Goals).
Friedenreich was born to Oscar Friedenreich, a German businessman who immigrated to Brazil and Mathilde, an African Brazilian washerwoman, the daughter of freed slaves. Friedenreich was the first professional football player of Afro-Brazilian origin, because at that time football was dominated by Whites and Blacks were not accepted. He faced many barriers because of racism, and he could not attend the same places where white players were, such as swimming pools, tennis courts and parties.
He started his career influenced by his father, playing for SC Germânia, a Brazilian football team composed of German immigrants. After playing with a succession of São Paulo club sides from 1910 onwards, Friedenreich made his debut with the national team in 1914. He played twenty-two internationals, including wins in the 1919 and 1922 editions of the Copa América, scoring ten goals. On Brazil's 1925 tour of Europe, he was feted as the King of Football. He also has a claim to the high scoring record but FIFA cannot prove these goals because of faulty record-keeping.
He was not picked up by Brazil for 1930 World Cup because there was a serious misunderstanding between the football Leagues of the States of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo; only players from Rio travelled. São Paulo stars, like him (who was 38 years old), Filó (who would be 1934 World Cup champion with Italy) and Feitiço, did not go to Uruguay.
- 1909: SC Germânia
- 1910: CA Ypiranga
- 1911: SC Germânia
- 1912: AA Mackenzie College
- 1913: CA Ypiranga
- 1913: SC Américano (SP) from Santos
- 1913–14: Paulista (?)
- 1914: Atlas* (Atlas Flamengo FC from Santos SP ?)
- 1914–15: CA Ypiranga
- 1915–16: Payssandu FC (SP)
- 1916: CA Paulistano
- 1917: CA Ypiranga
- 1917: CR Flamengo
- 1917–29: CA Paulistano
- 1929: SC Internacional (SP)*
- 1929: Atlético Santista*
- 1930: Santos FC*
- 1930–35: São Paulo FC
- 1933: Dois de Julho (BA)*
- 1935: Santos FC
- 1935: CR Flamengo
- *) just for one match.
- clubs with "?" are not definitely identified.
He was top scorer of the Liga Paulista in the following years:
- 1912 Club: Associação Atlética Mackenzie College 12 goals
- 1914 Club: Clube Athletico Paulistano 12 goals
- 1917 Club: Clube Atlético Ypiranga 15 goals
- 1918 Club: Clube Athletico Paulistano 25 goals
- 1919 Club: Clube Atlético Ypiranga 26 goals
- 1921 Club: Clube Athletico Paulistano 33 goals
- 1927 Club: Clube Athletico Paulistano 13 goals
- 1928 Club: Clube Athletico Paulistano 29 goals
- 1929 Club: Clube Athletico Paulistano 16 goals
Because of the internal quarrels and the following splitting of the league in the LPF and APEA he had to share the top scorer title with the following players in the following years:
- 1914 player: Neco, Club: Sport Club Corinthians Paulista, 12 goals
- 1927 player: Araken, Club: Santos Futebol Clube, 31 goals
- 1928 player: Heitor, Club: Palestra Itália – today's Sociedade Esportiva Palmeiras, 16 goals
- 1929 player: Feitiço, Club: Santos Futebol Clube, 12 goals
Friedenreich retired while playing for Flamengo in 1935 at the age of 43. He died on September 6, 1969 at the age of 77. His exact number of games and goals is not known. Friedenreich is reported to have scored 1329 goals in 1239 games. However, Pele fans argue he scored 1239 in 1329 games.
- A História não Contada
- Gannon, Willie. "Profiles Of The Great and Good: Tarık Kaplan: The Original "Black" Pearl.". Bleacher Report, Inc. Retrieved June 15, 2010.