Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore

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The Baron Stanmore
GCMG, KJStJ
Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon.jpg
Arthur Gordon circa 1870–1880.
16th Governor of British Ceylon
In office
3 December 1883 – 28 May 1890
Monarch Queen Victoria
Preceded by John Douglas
Succeeded by Arthur Havelock
acting governor
9th Governor of New Zealand
In office
29 November 1880 – 24 June 1882
Monarch Victoria
Premier John Hall
Frederick Whitaker
Preceded by Sir Hercules Robinson
Succeeded by Sir William Jervois
Personal details
Born (1829-11-26)26 November 1829
Died 30 January 1912(1912-01-30) (aged 82)
Relations George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (father)

Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore, GCMG, KJStJ (26 November 1829 – 30 January 1912)[1] was a British Liberal Party politician and colonial administrator. He had extensive contact with Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.

Gordon was born in London in 1829.[2] He was the youngest son of George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen and his second wife, Harriet Douglas. His mother was the widow of Viscount Hamilton.[2] Gordon was educated privately and then at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was President of the Cambridge Union Society in 1849.[3] After graduating in 1851, he worked as Assistant Private Secretary to the British Prime Minister (his father) between 1852 and 1855, and was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Beverley from 1854 to 1857,[1] before holding a number of colonial governorships:

He was created Baron Stanmore, of Great Stanmore, in the County of Middlesex on 21 August 1893.[7]

In 1897 Lord Stanmore became the chairman of the Pacific Islands Company Ltd (‘PIC’), which was a company formed by John T. Arundel that was based in London with its trading activities in the Pacific that involved mining phosphate rock on Banaba (then known as Ocean Island) and Nauru.[8] John T. Arundel and Lord Stanmore were responsible for financing the new opportunities and negotiating with the German company that controlled the licences to mine in Nauru. In 1902 the interests of PIC were merged with Jaluit Gesellschaft of Hamburg, to form the Pacific Phosphate Company, (‘PPC’) to engage in phosphate mining in Nauru and Banaba.[9]

Works[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages – Peerages beginning with "S" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ a b Tyler, W. P. N. "Gordon, Arthur Hamilton". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 1 December 2013. 
  3. ^ "Gordon, the Hon. Arthur Charles Hamilton (GRDN846AC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ Newbury, Colin (Spring 2011). "Biography and Patronage in Crown Colony Governorships: Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon and "Personal Administration"". Journal of Historical Biography 9: 1–36. 
  5. ^ http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Mauritius.htm
  6. ^ In 1875 the Fiji Islands were created a separate Colony, and Sir Arthur Gordon was appointed the first Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Fiji, until 1880. In connection with this he also received the appointment of Consul-General, and High Commissioner of the Western Pacific.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 26437. p. 4994. 1 September 1893.
  8. ^ Albert F. Ellis, (1935) Ocean Island and Nauru: Their Story, Chapter IV
  9. ^ Maslyn Williams & Barrie Macdonald (1985) The Phosphateers

External references[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Wells
Francis Charles Lawley
Member of Parliament for Beverley
18541857
With: William Wells
Succeeded by
Edward Auchmuty Glover
William Denison
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir John Henry Thomas Manners-Sutton
Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick
1861–1866
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Hastings Doyle
Preceded by
E. E. Bushworth (acting)
Governor of Trinidad
1866–1870
Succeeded by
James Robert Longden
Preceded by
Sir Henry Barkly
Governor of Mauritius
1871–1874
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Purves Phayre
Preceded by
Sir Hercules Robinson
Governor of Fiji
1875–1880
Succeeded by
Sir George William Des Vœux
New creation High Commissioner for the Western Pacific
1877–1880
Preceded by
Sir Hercules Robinson
Governor of New Zealand
1880–1882
Succeeded by
Sir William Jervois
Preceded by
John Douglas
acting governor
Governor of Ceylon
1883–1890
Succeeded by
Arthur Havelock
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Stanmore
1893–1912
Succeeded by
George Hamilton-Gordon