Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore
|The Right Honourable
The Lord Stanmore
|Arthur Gordon circa 1870–1880.|
|16th Governor of British Ceylon|
3 December 1883 – 28 May 1890
|Preceded by||John Douglas|
|Succeeded by||Arthur Havelock
|9th Governor of New Zealand|
29 November 1880 – 24 June 1882
|Preceded by||Sir Hercules Robinson|
|Succeeded by||Sir William Jervois|
|Born||26 November 1829|
|Died||30 January 1912(aged 82)|
|Relations||George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (father)|
Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore, GCMG, KJStJ (26 November 1829 – 30 January 1912) was a British Liberal Party politician and colonial administrator. He had extensive contact with Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.
Gordon was born in London in 1829. He was the youngest son of George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen and his second wife, Harriet Douglas. His mother was the widow of Viscount Hamilton. Gordon was educated privately and then at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was President of the Cambridge Union Society in 1849. After graduating in 1851, he worked as Assistant Private Secretary to the British Prime Minister (his father) between 1852 and 1855, and was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Beverley from 1854 to 1857, before holding a number of colonial governorships:
- Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick, 1861–1866, securing New Brunswick's assent to Canadian Confederation
- Governor of Trinidad, 1866–1870.
- 11th Governor of Mauritius, 21 Feb 1871 – 18 August 1874
- Governor of Fiji from 1875 to 1880
- Governor of New Zealand, 29 November 1880 – 24 June 1882
- Governor of Ceylon, 1883–1890.
In 1897 Lord Stanmore became the chairman of the Pacific Islands Company Ltd (‘PIC’), which was a company formed by John T. Arundel that was based in London with its trading activities in the Pacific that involved mining phosphate rock on Banaba (then known as Ocean Island) and Nauru. John T. Arundel and Lord Stanmore were responsible for financing the new opportunities and negotiating with the German company that controlled the licences to mine in Nauru. In 1902 the interests of PIC were merged with Jaluit Gesellschaft of Hamburg, to form the Pacific Phosphate Company, (‘PPC’) to engage in phosphate mining in Nauru and Banaba.
- William Ewart Gladstone, Baron Arthur Hamilton-Gordon Stanmore (1961). Gladstone-Gordon correspondence, 1851–1896: selections from the private correspondence of a British Prime Minister and a colonial Governor, Volume 51. American Philosophical Society. p. 116. Retrieved 2010-06-28.(Volume 51, Issue 4 of new series, American Philosophical Society Volume 51, Part 4 of Transactions Series Volume 51, Part 4 of Transactions of the American Philosophical Society new ser v. 51, no. 4)(Original from the University of California)
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages – Peerages beginning with "S" (part 5)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Tyler, W. P. N. "Gordon, Arthur Hamilton". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
- "Gordon, the Hon. Arthur Charles Hamilton (GRDN846AC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Newbury, Colin (Spring 2011). "Biography and Patronage in Crown Colony Governorships: Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon and "Personal Administration"" (PDF). Journal of Historical Biography 9: 1–36.
- In 1875 the Fiji Islands were created a separate Colony, and Sir Arthur Gordon was appointed the first Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Fiji, until 1880. In connection with this he also received the appointment of Consul-General, and High Commissioner of the Western Pacific.
- The London Gazette: . 1 September 1893.
- Albert F. Ellis, (1935) Ocean Island and Nauru: Their Story, Chapter IV
- Maslyn Williams & Barrie Macdonald (1985) The Phosphateers
- British Museum Collection 
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Arthur Hamilton-Gordon
- Biography at the Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online