|Born||November 16, 1886
|Died||April 12, 1974(aged 87)|
|Alma mater||Lewis Institute|
|Known for||"In the Nation" column for the New York Times|
|Spouse(s)||Marguerite Pollys (first), Martha Granger Blair (second)|
|Parents||Joseph Krock, Caroline Morris|
|Awards||Presidential Medal of Freedom, Pulitzer Prize (19356, 1938, 1951)|
Arthur Bernard Krock (November 16, 1886 – April 12, 1974) was a journalist and received the nickname "Dean of Washington newsmen," having known eleven presidents.
Arthur Krock was born in Glasgow, Kentucky in 1887.  He was the son of German-Jewish bookkeeper Joseph Krock and Caroline Morris, who was half-Jewish. His mother became blind subsequent to his birth and Krock was raised by his grandparents, Emmanuel and Henrietta Morris until he was six years old. When his mother regained her sight, he joined his parents in Chicago, graduating from high school there in 1904.
Krock went on to Princeton but dropped out in his first year owing to financial problems. He returned home, and in 1906 graduated with an associate degree from the Lewis Institute in Chicago.
Krock began his career in journalism with the Louisville Herald, then went to Washington, D.C., as a correspondent for the Louisville Times and Louisville Courier-Journal. In 1927, he joined the New York Times and soon became its Washington correspondent and bureau chief. His column, "In the Nation," was noted for its opinions on public policy.
The persons whose names nave entered the trials and investigations, fairly and unfairly, include none who was affiliated with the Republican party... The ideal solution from the standpoint of these [Harry S. Truman's] strategists would be: () the acquittal of Hiss... (2) a find by the Joint Congressional Committee on Atomic Energy that Lilienthal has been a good manager... (3) repudiation by public opinion of the more sensational testimony before the third Un-American Committee; (4) at least one substantial trial victory for the Department of Justice. This is a large order. But the deep-thinking Democratic politicos think there is a good chance for it.
Despite his stature, according to historian David Nasaw, from the earliest days of their friendship in Washington beginning in the mid-1930s, Krock became so a staunch an advocate of Joseph P. Kennedy and his ambitions that he seemed to be all but in the pocket of the powerful millionaire, one who would father not only an American president but two future contenders for America's highest office. Citing the correspondence between the two men in his authorized but highly researched, and critically acclaimed 2012 biography of Joe Kennedy, Professor Nasaw chronicles how it "reveals something quite disturbing, if not corrupt, about Krock's willingness to do Kennedy's bidding, to advise him or write a speech for him, then praise it in his column..." 
Interestingly, less than two months before the assassination of Joe Kennedy's son, President John F. Kennedy, in his Oct. 3, 1963 New York Times column titled "The Intra-Administration War in Vietnam," Krock quoted a high-ranking official in the government as saying:
The CIA's growth was 'likened to a malignancy' which the 'very high official was not even sure the White House could control... any longer.' 'If the United States ever experiences [an attempt at a coup to overthrow the Government] it will come from the CIA and not the Pentagon. The agency 'represents a tremendous power and total unaccountability to anyone.'"
Over his 60-year career, Krock won three Pulitzer Prizes:
- 1935: for distinguished correspondence: impartial and analytical Washington coverage
- 1938: for distinguished Washington correspondence
- 1951: special commendation for exclusive interview with President Truman as "outstanding instance of national reporting in 1950"
He was awarded a French citation for his coverage of the Versailles Peace Conference.
He was married twice; first to Marguerite Pollys, daughter of a Minneapolis railroad official, from 1911 to her death following a long illness in 1938. They had one son, Thomas. In 1939, he wed Martha Granger Blair of Chicago, a divorced society columnist for the Washington Times-Herald, who had two sons.  
- Leab, Daniel J. "American National Biography Online". Oxford University Press. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Nasaw, David (2012). The Patriarch: The Remarkable Life and Turbulent Times of JosephP. Kenned. New York, NY: The Penguin Press. pp. 211–212. ISBN 9781594203763.
- Krock, Arthur (19 June 1949). "Loyalty Trials Shape Political Issue for 1950". New York Times.
- Krock, Arthur (3 October 1963). "The Intra-Administration War in Vietnam". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 March 2013.
- Nixon, Richard (April 22, 1970). "Remarks on Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Eight Journalists". Online by Gerhard Peters and John T. Woolley, The American Presidency Project. Archived from the original on 2011-12-25. Retrieved 2011-12-25.
- Belair Jr., Felix (12 April 1974). "Arthur Krock of the Times is Dead at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved 24 March 2013.
- Arthur Krock Papers at the Seeley G. Mudd Manuscript Library, Princeton University
- Encyclopedia of Kentucky. New York, New York: Somerset Publishers. 1987. pp. 152–153. ISBN 0-403-09981-1.
- "Krock, Arthur". The Encyclopedia of Louisville. 2001.
- Pulitzer Prizes: Arthur Krock
- The American Presidency Project - Remarks on Presenting the Presidential Medal of Freedom to Eight Journalists - April 22, 1970