Arthur Louis Day

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Arthur Louis Day
Born (1869-10-30)October 30, 1869
Brookfield, Massachusetts, U.S.
Died March 2, 1960(1960-03-02) (aged 90)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Nationality American
Fields Thermometry
Seismology
Geothermal energy
Institutions Yale University
Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt
U.S. Geological Survey
Alma mater Sheffield Scientific School at Yale University
University of Groningen
Notable awards John Scott Medal
Bakhuis Roozeboom Medal
William Bowie Medal (1940)
Wollaston Medal (1941)
Penrose Medal (1947)

Arthur Louis Day (October 30, 1869 – March 2, 1960) was an American geophysicist and volcanologist. He studied high temperature thermometry, seismology and geothermal energy.

Early life[edit]

Day was born in Brookfield, Massachusetts[1] and received his A.B. from Sheffield Scientific School at Yale University in 1892. He earn his Ph.D from Sheffield in 1894, and taught at Yale until 1897.[2] Day received an honorary doctorate from the University of Groningen (The Netherlands) on July 1, 1914.[3]

Career[edit]

In 1894 and 1895 he worked with German physicist Friedrich Kohlrausch studying the conductive properties of electrolytes.[4] From 1897-1900 he worked at Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt in Berlin and began his study of thermometry.[5]

He worked with the U.S. Geological Survey from 1900-1907 studying the properties of rocks and minerals at very high and low temperatures.[6] Day served as the director of the Geophysical Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution for Science from 1907 until his retirement in 1936. From 1933-1941 he served as vice president of the National Academy of Sciences.[7]

Following his retirement, he traveled to New Zealand to continue his study of seismology and geothermal energy. He studied the area's volcanic areas until he had to stop his research in 1946 due to poor health.[8]

He died on March 2, 1960 in Washington, D.C..[9]

Awards and legacy[edit]

Day was awarded the John Scott Medal, the Wollaston Medal, the Penrose Medal, the Bakhuis Roozeboom Medal and the William Bowie Medal.[10]

In 1948, Day established the Arthur L. Day Medal through the Geological Society of America. The medal is for "outstanding distinction in contributing to geologic knowledge through the application of physics and chemistry to the solution of geologic problems".[1]

Family life[edit]

Day was the son of Daniel P. and Fanie (Hobbs) Day. In 1990, he married Helen Kohlrausch, daughter of physicist Friedrich Kohlrausch. Day and his wife had four children: Margaret, Dorothy, Helen and Ralph. In 1933, he married Ruth Sarah Easling. They had no children together.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Abelson, Philip H. (1975). "Arthur Louis Day". Biographical Memoirs, vol. XLVII. National Academy of Sciences. pp. p.27. Retrieved 2008-05-25. 
  2. ^ "Arthur Louis Day". The National Academies Press. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  3. ^ Album Studiosorum Academiae Groninganae, Promotiën, p. 621.
  4. ^ "Arthur Louis Day". National Academy of Sciences. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  5. ^ "History of Geophysics: Volume 5—The Earth, the Heavens and the Carnegie Institution of Washington". The Carnegie Institution of Washington. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Arthur Louis Day (1869-1960)". Smithsonian Institution Archives. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  7. ^ "History of Geophysics: Volume 5—The Earth, the Heavens and the Carnegie Institution of Washington". The Carnegie Institution of Washington. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Arthur L. Day". Carnegie Institute of Washington. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Arthur L. Day". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Arthur L. Day". Carnegie Institute of Washington. Retrieved March 30, 2014. 
  11. ^ National Academies (1975). Biographical Memoirs, Volume 47. p. 37. 

External links[edit]