Arthur Wellesley, 4th Duke of Wellington

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The Duke of Wellington
Arthur Charles Wellesley, Vanity Fair, 1903-03-05.jpg
Born (1849-03-15)15 March 1849
Died 18 June 1934(1934-06-18) (aged 85)
Title 4th Duke of Wellington
Tenure 8 June 1900 – 18 June 1934
Spouse(s) Kathleen Emily Bulkeley Williams
Issue Lady Evelyn Wellesley
Arthur Wellesley, 5th Duke of Wellington
Lord Richard Wellesley
Gerald Wellesley, 7th Duke of Wellington
Lady Eileen Wellesley
Lord George Wellesley
Parents Lord Charles Wellesley
Lady Augusta Pierrepont

Arthur Charles Wellesley, 4th Duke of Wellington, KG, GCVO, GCTE, DL (15 March 1849 – 18 June 1934) was a member of the well-known Wellesley family. He joined the military and served in the Household Division. Upon his childless brother's death in 1900, he inherited the family title and estates.

Early life and career[edit]

Wellesley was born in 1849, the second son of Major-General Lord Charles Wellesley and Augusta Sophia Anne Pierrepont.[1] Wellesley's paternal grandparents included the famous Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, Catherine Pakenham and, on the maternal side, Henry Pierrepont, Lady Sophia Cecil. Between 1861 and 1866, he was educated at Eton.[2] After graduating, Wellesley joined the military. He served as an officer in the Grenadier Guards, the most senior regiment of the Guards' division. The Guards formed part of the five-regiment Household Division, the elite of the military that provided security for the monarch. To be selected as a member of the Household Division was a great honor, and consequently recipients received two ranks, one as a member of the Household Division and a second, higher rank, as a member of the armed forces. Wellesley received the rank of Ensign, in his regiment, and Lieutenant, in the British Army, on 13 June 1868.[3] He would later gain the rank of Lieutenant, in his regiment, and Captain, in the British Army, on 15 February 1871.[3] On 24 October 1872, he married Kathleen Emily Bulkeley Williams, daughter of Captain Robert Griffith Williams (brother of Sir Richard Bulkeley Williams-Bulkeley, 10th Baronet) and wife Mary Anne Geale (daughter of Pears Geale, of Dublin).[4]

Later life and career[edit]

Throughout his career Wellesley saw no combat action: his duties were largely ceremonial as part of the Household Guard. He received the rank Captain in his regiment and Lieutenant-Colonel in the British Army on 5 April 1879. Wellesley received the rank of Major in his regiment and Colonel in the British Army on 1 August 1887.[3]

On 8 June 1900 his childless brother Henry died.[citation needed] Wellesley succeeded to all of his brother's titles: Duke of Wellington, Prince of Waterloo, Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo, and Duke of Victoria.[1] He also inherited the London town-house, Apsley House, and the sprawling family estates of Stratfield Saye House, with over 19,000 acres (7,700 ha) of land[1] granted to the first duke by parliamentary purchase for military services. The estate also included four so-called livings; Wellesley had the duty, right, and obligation to fill positions in local parishes.[5]

From 1900 until 1934 Wellesley was a member of the House of Lords[6] on the Conservative bench. He was also a member of the Marlborough Club, a gentleman's club.[5]

He was invested as a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order on 2 May 1902 and a Knight of the Order of the Garter on 8 August 1902.[2] Both of these awards were awarded to him by King Edward VII. He was also awarded the Spanish decoration of the Grand Cross of Charles III, and the Portuguese decoration of the Grand Cross of the Tower and Sword.[2] The Duchess died on 24 June 1927 at Apsley House and was interred on 28 June at Stratfield Saye.[4] Wellesley died at Ewhurst Park, Basingstoke, Hampshire, on 18 June (ironically Waterloo Day) 1934, aged eighty-five, and was buried three days later at Stratfield Saye House, Basingstoke, Hampshire, the ancestral home of the Dukes of Wellington.[1] His son, Arthur, succeeded him to the Wellesley family estates and titles.[7]

Children[edit]

He and his wife had six children :

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Sladen p. 1864
  2. ^ a b c d The Peerage #103792
  3. ^ a b c J. Murray p. 186
  4. ^ a b c The Peerage #103793
  5. ^ a b Dod p. 104
  6. ^ The World Almanac p. 457
  7. ^ Lindsay p. 559
  8. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Lady Evelyn Kathleen Wellesley". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  9. ^ Lundy, Darryl. "Hon. Robert James". The Peerage. [unreliable source]
  10. ^ http://www.stanford.edu/group/auden/cgi-bin/auden/individual.php?pid=I16462&ged=auden-bicknell.ged

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Henry Wellesley
Duke of Wellington
1900–1934
Succeeded by
Arthur Charles Wellesley
Dutch nobility
Preceded by
Henry Wellesley
Prince of Waterloo
1900–1934
Succeeded by
Arthur Charles Wellesley
Spanish nobility
Preceded by
Henry Wellesley
Duke of Ciudad Rodrigo
1900–1934
Succeeded by
Arthur Charles Wellesley
Portuguese nobility
Preceded by
Henry Wellesley
Duke of Victoria
1900–1934
Succeeded by
Arthur Charles Wellesley