Arthur Wiechula

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19th century botanical sketch by Arthur Wiechula of inosculated branches

Arthur Wiechula (January 20, 1867 – 1941) was a German landscape engineer. His marriage to Lydia Lindnau, produced three children, Margarethe (1895), Max (1897) and Ernst (1900).[1]

He received the German Royal State Inventor's Honor Cross.[citation needed] In 1926, he published Wachsende Häuser aus lebenden Bäumen entstehend [2] (Developing Houses from Living Trees) in German,[3][4] describing simple building techniques involving guided grafting together of live branches; including a system of v-shaped lateral cuts used to bend and curve individual trunks and branches in the direction of a design, with reaction wood soon closing the wounds to hold the curve.[3]

He envisioned growing trees so that it constituted walls during growth, thereby enabling the use of young trees for building.[3] He never built a living home, but he grew a 394-foot (120 m) wall of Canadian poplars to help keep the snow off of a section of train tracks.[4] His illustrated ideas have inspired many other artists to attempt to grow living homes out of trees.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Kirsch, Konstantin (1996), Naturbauten aus lebenden Geholzen (Nature House Building) (3 ed.), OLV, Organischer Landbau-Verl. Lau, p. 82, ISBN 978-3-922201-17-5 
  2. ^ Wiechula, Arthur (1926), Wachsende Häuser aus lebenden Bäumen entstehend (Developing Houses from Living Trees), Verl. Naturbau-Ges, p. 320 
  3. ^ a b c "designboom: history of arborsculpture". 

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