Artist development deal

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An artist development deal is often the first of a recording artist's contracts with a major record label. In lieu of high royalties or other desirable rights, the label will promise to develop the skills and public profile of the artist. These types of deals are sometimes most helpful to the artist, but the label often takes control of the artist's management and publishing rights (dubious practices that have been compared to having a mini-monopoly with respect to the artist).[citation needed] Historically, such deals have been abused by both record labels and managers.[citation needed] Motown records made extensive use of this type of contract, and many argue that it was the sole reason for the massive success of the label in the 1960s.[citation needed] Berry Gordy, Motown founder, likened his approach to digging for oil and discovering a field full of gushers.[citation needed] Later, Motown was accused by some of its artists of practicing professional extortion. Artists such as Elvis Presley were among those to complain.[citation needed]

After departing Motown's roster in less-than-favorable circumstances, Florence Ballard was unable to refer to her reputation as part of the Supremes in any future professional ventures.[citation needed]