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Creative unions (Russian: творческие союзы) in the Soviet Union were voluntary societies that united people according to their creative (artistic) professions, similar to Soviet trade unions.
The earliest of them were established in 1932 after disbanding the previous unions, such as RAPP and RAPM.
Like nearly everything in the Soviet Union, they operated under the strict ideological supervision of the Communist Party, and what is more, the creative unions were means of an effective control over the artistic production of their members: the members of these unions had priority in publishing of their works. Usually people expelled from a union could not make any significant money from their creative work. On the other hand, being a member was associated with various perks.
List of unions 
See also