Artur Adson

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Artur Adson
Born 3 February [O.S. 22 January] 1889
Sänna, Estonia
Died 5 January 1977(1977-01-05) (aged 87)
Stockholm, Sweden
Nationality Estonian
Literary movement Siuru, Tarapita
Spouse Marie Under

Artur Adson (3 February [O.S. 22 January] 1889 in Tartu – 5 January 1977 in Stockholm) was an Estonian poet, writer and theatre critic.[1]

Early years[edit]

Artur Adson (actually Charles Arthur Adson) attended school in Tartu, Sänna and Võru. After graduating he first studied surveying in Pskov. In 1925-26, he studied literature at the University of Tartu. Artur Adson was a surveyor, journalist and theater critic in Estonia and Russia. He met his future wife Marie Under in 1913 and were married in 1927.

Literary career[edit]

From 1917 Artur Adson was a member of the Siuru literary movement, which exerted great influence on the Estonian literature. Later Adson was also active in the Tarapita movement. Addition Adson was one of the most outstanding poets in the Võro dialect of southern Estonia. As an often conservative theatrical and literary critic, he exercised influence on the cultural scene of the Republic of Estonia.


With the Soviet occupation of Estonia Artur Adson and his wife Marie Under fled into exile to Sweden. There, he found employment in an archive. Both continued their interest in the Estonian literature. Both Adson and Under are interred at the Skogskyrkogården cemetery in Stockholm.


  • "Henge palango" (1917)
  • "Vana LATERNA" (1919)
  • "Roosikrants" (1920)
  • "Kaduvik" (1927)
  • "Katai, kibuvits Nink Kivi" (1928)
  • "Pärlijõgi" (1931)
  • "Lehekülg ajaraamatust" (1937)
  • "Rahumäe kannel" (1973)


  • Läheb mööda (1923)
  • Toomapäev (1928)
  • Neli Kuningat (1931)
  • Lauluisa yes Kirjaneitsi (1930
  • Iluduskuninganna (1932)


  1. ^ Don Rubin, Peter Nagy, Philippe Rouyer, World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre: Europe, Taylor & Francis, 1995, ISBN 0-415-05928-3, p248