August 1, 1918 |
Artur "Atze" Brauner (born Abraham Brauner 1 August 1918) is a German film producer and entrepreneur of Polish origin. He was born to a Jewish family in Łódź, Poland. With his parents and four siblings, he fled to the Soviet Union and survived the Holocaust. Following the war, he and his brother, Wolf Brauner emigrated to Berlin; his parents and three of his siblings emigrated to Israel. Twelve of his relatives were killed at Babi Yar, just a portion of the 49 who perished at the hands of the Nazis.
As a young man he saw Fritz Lang's film The Testament of Dr. Mabuse that affected him greatly, making him interested in film. In September 1946 he founded the Central Cinema Company or CCC Films in the American sector of Berlin. He prouduced Sag' die Wahrheit, one of the first films produced in Germany after the war, followed by Morituri, which was a commercial failure and threw him into debt. Brauner realised that to produce critically successful films he had to make up their losses by producing critically derided films that were appreciated by the public. He lured back many Germans who had experience in Hollywood such as Robert Siodmak and later Fritz Lang who started a revival of Dr. Mabuse.
In 2009, Yad Vashem received a donation of 21 of Brauner's productions having to do with the Holocaust, including Die Weiße Rose, The Plot to Assassinate Hitler (Der 20. Juli) and Man and Beast (Mensch und Bestie). In 2010, Yad Vashem opened a media center in Brauner's name. Brauner called it the "crowning achievement of my film career".
- 1961: Bambi for Die Ratten
- 1963: Zürcher Filmpreis for Die Ehe des Herrn Mississippi
- 1965: Goldene Leinwand for Old Shatterhand
- 1965: Goldene Leinwand for Der Schut
- 1967: Goldene Leinwand for Die Nibelungen
- 1970: Golden Bear for Der Garten der Finzi Contini
- 1972: Oscar for Der Garten der Finzi Contini
- 1983: Deutscher Filmpreis: Filmband in Silber for Die weiße Rose
- 1985: Oscar-Nominierung for Bittere Ernte
- 1990: Deutscher Filmpreis: Filmband in Gold for "long and outstanding work in German cinema"
- 1992: Golden Globe for Hitlerjunge Salomon
- 1993: Bundesverdienstkreuz I. Klasse
- 2000: Goldene Kamera
- Bock, Hans-Michael and Bergfelder, Tim: The Concise Cinegraph: Encyclopaedia of German Cinema Berghahn Books. p. 60
- Boston, William: "Burying the Past" Time (October 1, 2003). Retrieved February 29, 2012
- Hans Schmid, "Old Atze und der Schatz im Silbersee" Heise Online. (August 23, 2008) Retrieved March 1, 2012 (German)
- Kalat, David: German Trash Cinema: The Story of Artur Brauner in: The Strange Case of Dr. Mabuse: A Study of the Twelve Films and Five Novels. McFarland (2005), pp. 131-142
- "German film producer to receive Yad Vashem honour" Deutsche Presse-Agentur (2010). Retrieved March 1, 2012
- Biography of Artur Brauner CCC Film. Retrieved March 1, 2012
- Artur Brauner at the Internet Movie Database
- Brauner at germanfilms.de
- Article on occasion of Brauner's 85th birthday (German)
- Biography at film-zeit.de (German)
- Biography and portrait (German)
- Ulrich Gutmair, Interview with Brauner die Tageszeitung (July 10, 2008). Retrieved March 1, 2012 (German)
- Artur Brauner Archive at Deutsches Filminstitut, Frankfurt/Main
- Artur Brauner Archive at European Film Gateway