Artvin

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This article is about the city of Artvin. See Artvin Province for more information about the surrounding area.
Artvin
Municipality
Artvin is located in Turkey
Artvin
Artvin
Coordinates: 41°11′00″N 41°49′05″E / 41.18333°N 41.81806°E / 41.18333; 41.81806Coordinates: 41°11′00″N 41°49′05″E / 41.18333°N 41.81806°E / 41.18333; 41.81806
Country Turkey
Province Artvin
Government
 • Mayor Mehmet Kocatepe (AKP)
Area[1]
 • District 1,084.74 km2 (418.82 sq mi)
Elevation 345 m (1,132 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 25,771
 • District 33,692
 • District density 31/km2 (80/sq mi)
Post code 0800
Website www.artvin.bel.tr

Artvin is a city in northeastern Turkey about 30 km inland from the Black Sea. It is located on a hill overlooking the Çoruh River near the Deriner Dam. It is home of Artvin Çoruh University.

Geography and Climate[edit]

Artvin is located on the terrace hills by the Çoruh River with most of it on the western bank and has an oceanic climate (Köppen climate classification: Cfb ). The climate is wet all year round, and the summers are pleasantly cool, being strongly affected by the nearby Black Sea and its slight elevation. The population of Artvin, the capital town is 24354[3]

Climate data for Artvin
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 17.0
(62.6)
21.0
(69.8)
27.1
(80.8)
31.7
(89.1)
36.3
(97.3)
39.0
(102.2)
42.0
(107.6)
43.0
(109.4)
39.5
(103.1)
33.0
(91.4)
27.9
(82.2)
20.9
(69.6)
43
(109.4)
Average high °C (°F) 6.0
(42.8)
7.9
(46.2)
12.2
(54)
17.6
(63.7)
21.5
(70.7)
23.8
(74.8)
25.4
(77.7)
25.8
(78.4)
23.5
(74.3)
19.4
(66.9)
13.1
(55.6)
7.6
(45.7)
16.98
(62.57)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
3.7
(38.7)
6.9
(44.4)
11.8
(53.2)
15.7
(60.3)
18.6
(65.5)
20.6
(69.1)
20.7
(69.3)
17.9
(64.2)
14.0
(57.2)
8.9
(48)
4.4
(39.9)
12.15
(53.88)
Average low °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
0.1
(32.2)
2.6
(36.7)
7.0
(44.6)
10.9
(51.6)
14.0
(57.2)
16.7
(62.1)
16.8
(62.2)
13.9
(57)
10.1
(50.2)
5.5
(41.9)
1.5
(34.7)
8.22
(46.79)
Record low °C (°F) −11.9
(10.6)
−11.9
(10.6)
−9.8
(14.4)
−7.1
(19.2)
−0.6
(30.9)
3.7
(38.7)
9.5
(49.1)
9.5
(49.1)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.6
(29.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
−10.8
(12.6)
−11.9
(10.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 85.9
(3.382)
72.4
(2.85)
60.4
(2.378)
57.4
(2.26)
53.0
(2.087)
49.6
(1.953)
31.6
(1.244)
31.4
(1.236)
34.3
(1.35)
61.9
(2.437)
77.6
(3.055)
93.4
(3.677)
708.9
(27.909)
Avg. rainy days 13.0 12.5 13.1 13.3 14.1 12.6 8.5 8.3 8.3 11.1 11.1 12.1 138
Mean monthly sunshine hours 77.5 92.4 136.4 159 204.6 216 207.7 213.9 195 148.8 93 65.1 1,809.4
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [4]

History[edit]

The Meydanı area of Artvin

The area around Artvin was known variously as Çorok, Çoroksi and Livane. According to the ancient historian Xenophon, it was occupied by the Makron, Kolkh and Tao. The geographer Strabo states that in the 1st century BCE, there were many small kingdoms under Roman domination. The Bagratids established their rule here with the help of the Byzantines. In 1015, it passed to the Seljuk Turks. Except for a brief period during the Mongol invasion, it was ruled by a succession of Turkish dynasties such as the Ilkanids, Karakoyunlu, Akkoyunlu and finally the Ottoman Empire. Artvin was made part of the Eyalet of Çıldır. It was ceded to Russia as a result of the 1877-1878 war and regained in 1918 as part of the Brest Litovsk Treaty. In 7 June 1921, Artvin Sanjak was created, only to be reorganized into Artvin Province.

Places of interest[edit]

Artvin Central Mosque and Park
  • Artvin or Livana (Livane) castle, built in 937

There are a number of Ottoman Empire houses and public buildings including:

  • Salih Bey mosque, built in 1792
  • The fountain of Çelebi Efendi, built in 1783.

The surrounding countryside offers many places for climbing, trekking and rafting.

Events[edit]

Artvin is known for the Caucasus (Kafkas in Turkish) Culture and Arts Festival, a celebration that takes place every year. The most famous event is the Bull wrestling which draws many local and international visitors.[5]

Sister cities[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Statistical Institute
  4. ^ http://www.dmi.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=ARTVIN
  5. ^ Bullwrestling in Artvin, Turkey

See also[edit]

External links[edit]