Arum

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For other uses, see Arum (disambiguation).
Arum
Arum palaestinum flower.jpg
Arum palaestinum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Areae
Genus: Arum L.
L.
Arum distribution.svg
Range of the genus Arum.
Synonyms[1]
  • Aron Adans.
  • Gymnomesium Schott
Historical model at Botanical Museum Greifswald

Arum is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae, native to Europe, northern Africa, and western and central Asia, with the highest species diversity in the Mediterranean region.[1][2] Frequently called "arum lilies", they are not closely related to the true lilies Lilium. Plants in the closely related tribe Zantedeschia are also called "arum lilies".

They are rhizomatous, herbaceous perennial plants growing to 20–60 cm tall, with sagittate (arrowhead-shaped) leaves 10–55 cm long. The flowers are produced in a spadix, surrounded by a 10–40 cm long, coloured spathe, which may be white, yellow, brown or purple; some species are scented, others not. The fruit is a cluster of bright orange or red berries.

All parts of the plants are poisonous,[3] containing significant amounts of calcium oxalate as raphides.

Species[edit]

  1. Arum alpinariae
  2. Arum apulum
  3. Arum balansanum
  4. Arum besserianum
  5. Arum byzantinum
  6. Arum concinnatum
  7. Arum creticum
  8. Arum cylindraceum
  9. Arum cyrenaicum
  10. Arum dioscoridis
  11. Arum elongatum
  12. Arum euxinum
  13. Arum gratum
  14. Arum hainesii
  15. Arum hygrophilum
  16. Arum idaeum
  17. Arum italicum - Italian lords-and-ladies, cuckoo pint
  18. Arum jacquemontii
  19. Arum korolkowii
  20. Arum lucanum
  21. Arum maculatum - cuckoo pint
  22. Arum megobrebi
  23. Arum nigrum
  24. Arum orientale - aronstab
  25. Arum palaestinum - Solomon's lily
  26. Arum pictum
  27. Arum polyphyllum
  28. Arum purpureospathum
  29. Arum rupicola
  30. Arum sintenisii
  31. Arum × sooi Terpó - Spain, Hungary (A. cylindraceum × A. maculatum)

Formerly placed here:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  3. ^ Nelson, L. et al (2007) Handbook of Poisonous and Injurious Plants. New York Botanical Garden.