Aruncus dioicus

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Aruncus dioicus
Aruncus dioicus.jpg
Inflorescence
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Rosaceae
Genus: Aruncus
Species: A. dioicus
Binomial name
Aruncus dioicus
(Walter) Fernald

Aruncus dioicus (Walt.) (known as goat's beard, buck's-beard[1] or bride's feathers) is a flowering herbaceous perennial plant in the family Rosaceae, and is the type species of the genus Aruncus. It has alternate, pinnately compound leaves, on thin, stiff stems, with plumes of feathery white or cream flowers borne in summer. This plant can be found in moist woodland, often at higher altitudes, throughout temperate areas of Europe, Asia, and eastern and western North America. In the UK it is considered suitable for planting in and around water areas,[2] and has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[3]

In Italy the young shoots are eaten, usually boiled briefly in herb infused water, and then cooked with eggs and cheese. In Friuli it is one of the ingredients in the local home-made soup based on wild greens called 'pistic'.[4]

Aruncus dioicus var. kamtschaticus has shown potent cytotoxicity against Jurkat T cells.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007" (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ BS 7370-5 Recommendations for maintenance of water areas
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Aruncus dioicus". Retrieved 3 June 2013. 
  4. ^ Ghirardini, M.; Carli, M.; Del Vecchio, N.; Rovati, A.; Cova, O.; Valigi, F.; Agnetti, G.; MacConi, M.; Adamo, D.; Traina, M.; Laudini, F.; Marcheselli, I.; Caruso, N.; Gedda, T.; Donati, F.; Marzadro, A.; Russi, P.; Spaggiari, C.; Bianco, M.; Binda, R.; Barattieri, E.; Tognacci, A.; Girardo, M.; Vaschetti, L.; Caprino, P.; Sesti, E.; Andreozzi, G.; Coletto, E.; Belzer, G.; Pieroni, A. (2007). "The importance of a taste. A comparative study on wild food plant consumption in twenty-one local communities in Italy". Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 3: 22. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-3-22. PMC 1877798. PMID 17480214. 
  5. ^ Jeong, S. Y.; Jun, D. Y.; Kim, Y. H.; Min, B. S.; Min, B. K.; Woo, M. H. (2011). "Monoterpenoids from the aerial parts of Aruncus dioicus var. Kamtschaticus and their antioxidant and cytotoxic activities". Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 21 (11): 3252–3256. doi:10.1016/j.bmcl.2011.04.043. PMID 21546250. 

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