Arundel

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Coordinates: 50°51′16″N 0°33′14″W / 50.85439°N 0.5539°W / 50.85439; -0.5539

Arundel
Arundel wikipedia.jpg
Town overlooked by castle
Arundel is located in West Sussex
Arundel
Arundel
 Arundel shown within West Sussex
Area  12.27 km2 (4.74 sq mi) [1]
Population 3,408 [1] 2001 Census
    - Density  278 /km2 (720 /sq mi)
OS grid reference TQ018070
    - London  49 miles (79 km) NNE 
Civil parish Arundel
District Arun
Shire county West Sussex
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ARUNDEL
Postcode district BN18
Dialling code 01903
Police Sussex
Fire West Sussex
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Arundel and South Downs
List of places
UK
England
West Sussex

Arundel (/ˈærəndəl/ or local /ˈɑːndəl/) is a market town and civil parish in the South Downs of West Sussex in the south of England. It lies 49 miles (79 km) south southwest of London, 18 miles (29 km) west of Brighton, and 10 miles (16 km) east of the county town of Chichester. Other nearby towns include Worthing east southeast, Littlehampton to the south and Bognor Regis to the southwest. The River Arun runs through the eastern side of the town. The town is famous for its historic castle and cathedral.

Arundel was one of the boroughs reformed by the Municipal Reform Act 1835. From 1836-1889 the town had its own Borough police force with a strength of three. [2] In 1974 it became part of the Arun district, and now is a civil parish with a town council.

Etymology[edit]

There are several theories about the meaning of the name 'Arundel'. One is that the upper reaches of the Arun, away from the sea, was once known as the Arnus, from the Brythonic word Arno, meaning run or go. So Arundel would mean Arno-dell or the dell of the flowing river.[3] Another theory is that due to the preponderance of hoarhound[disambiguation needed] on the slopes of the Arun near the town, Arundel would mean hoarhound-dell[citation needed]. A third explanation is that the town takes its name from the old Norman French word for swallow, aronde (in modern standard French hirondelle)[citation needed], a bird which is on the town's crest.[4] The name was spelled Arundell until 1733, when the final l was dropped.[5] A new theory (Theo Vennemann) relates the 'Arun' part to Basque aran 'valley' (substratic reduplication or tautology), like the placename Arendal in Norway and Sweden.[citation needed] However, it seems rather more likely that the Scandinavian placenames derive from Old Norse arnardalr 'eagle dell' or arindalr 'dwelling dell'. Similarly, the name of Arundel could just as well derive from Old English earndæl or ærndæl, meaning 'eagle dell' and 'dwelling dell' respectively.

Geography[edit]

The River Arun at Arundel.

Arundel civil parish occupies an area of 1,227 hectares (3,030 acres) and has a population (2001 census) of 3408 persons.[6]

Arundel town is a major bridging point over the River Arun, the lowest road bridge until the opening of the Littlehampton swing bridge in 1908. Arundel Castle was built by the Normans to protect that vulnerable point to the north of the valley through the South Downs. The town later grew up on the slope below the castle to the south. The river was previously called the Tarrant and was renamed after the town by antiquarians in a back-formation.

Arundel lies to the north of the A27 road, which narrowly avoids the town centre by a short and congested single carriageway bypass. Plans for a more extensive, HQDC bypass have been on and off for the past 30 years, and are currently off, despite the junction built in anticipation for it at Crossbush. Arundel railway station is on the Arun Valley Line. The Monarch's Way long-distance footpath passes through the town and crosses the river here, while just under five miles north of the town the route of the South Downs Way runs.

Since 1 April 2011 the town has been within the boundaries of the South Downs National Park.

Society[edit]

Arundel is home to Arundel Cathedral, seat of the Bishop of Arundel and Brighton.

On 6 July 2004, Arundel was granted Fairtrade Town status.[7]

People born in Arundel are known locally as Mullets, due to the presence of Mullet in the River Arun.[8]

Arundel is home to one of the oldest Scout Groups in the world. 1st Arundel (Earl of Arundel's Own) Scout Group was formed in 1908 only a few weeks after Scouting began.[9] Based in its current HQ in Green Lane Close, it has active sections of Beaver Scouts, Cub Scouts and Scouts.

Sport and leisure[edit]

Arundel has a Non-League football club Arundel F.C. who play at Mill Road.

The town also has its own cricket ground at the castle, often cited as being one of the country's most picturesque.[10] It hosts Sussex County Cricket Club for a number of games each season and is also the venue for the traditional season curtain-raiser between Lavinia Duchess of Norfolk's XI and the champion county. Every summer it hosts the touring county.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2001 Census: West Sussex – Population by Parish". West Sussex County Council. Retrieved 26 March 2009. 
  2. ^ Neville Poulsom, Mike Rumble and Keith Smith 'Sussex Police forces;a pictorial history from 1836 to 1986' (Middleton Press) (1987) ISBN 0 906520 436
  3. ^ "Armis". Romanmap.com. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "ARUNDEL - Online Information article about ARUNDEL". Encyclopedia.jrank.org. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  5. ^ Allison, Francis D. (aft. 1931). The Story of Arundel. Arundel Press. p. 16. 
  6. ^ "Parish Headcounts, Area: Arundel CP". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 5 April 2008. 
  7. ^ Fairtrade town status
  8. ^ "Facts about West Sussex". West Sussex County Council. 23 October 2006. Retrieved 28 March 2009. [dead link]
  9. ^ "Forward! Once more...". Newsletter Issue 1. Arundel Scout Group. January 2008. p. 1. Retrieved 16 March 2009. 
  10. ^ Cricinfoengland
  11. ^ http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artworks/constable-landscape-with-cottage-and-figures-t03236
  12. ^ "Descents of Memory - The Life of John Cowper Powys" - M Krissdottir pub Duckworth 2007

External links[edit]