Mkoa wa Arusha
|— Region —|
|Nickname(s): Arusha Mkoani|
|Motto: Amazing Arusha|
|• Type||Local Regional Government|
|• Regional commissioner||Magesa Mulongo|
|• Total||33,809 km2 (13,054 sq mi)|
|• Density||38/km2 ( 99/sq mi)|
|Time zone||EAT (UTC+3)|
|• Summer (DST)||not observed (UTC+3)|
Arusha is one of Tanzania's 30 administrative regions. With its capital and largest city at Arusha, it is divided into six districts. The region is bordered by Kajiado County and Narok County in Kenya to the north, the Kilimanjaro Region to the east, the Manyara and Singida regions to the south, and the Mara and Simiyu regions to the west. Major towns include Monduli, Namanga, Longido and Loliondo to the north, Mto wa Mbu and Karatu to the west, and Usa River to the east. The region is comparable in size to the combined land and water area of the U.S state of Maryland.
Arusha Region is a global tourist destination and is the center of the northern Tanzania safari circuit. The national parks and reserves in this region include Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Arusha National Park, the Loliondo Game Controlled Area, and part of Lake Manyara National Park. Remains of 600-year old stone structures are found at Engaruka, just off the dirt road between Mto wa Mbu and Lake Natron.
Much of the present area of Arusha Region used to be Masai land. The Masai are still the dominant community in the region. Their influence is reflected in the present names of towns, regional culture, cuisine, and geographical features.
The administrative region of Arusha existed in 1922 while mainland Tanzania was a British mandate under the League of Nations and known as Tanganyika. In 1948, the area was in the Northern Province, which includes the present day regions of Manyara and Kilimanjaro. In 1966, under the newly independent Tanzanian government, Arusha was given its own regional status.
In 2002, Manyara Region was created and was split from Arusha Region. Portions of the former Arusha Region districts of Kiteto, Babati, Mbulu, Hanang, and a tiny piece of Monduli were incorporated into the Manyara Region.
Arusha was the largest region in Tanzania from 1966-2002.
The Great Rift Valley runs through the middle of the region north-to-south. Oldonyo Lengai (Mountain of God in the Masai language) is an active volcano to the north of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. Altitudes throughout the region vary widely, but much of it ranges from 900 to 1,600 metres (3,000 to 5,200 ft) in elevation.
Mount Meru, the second highest mountain in Tanzania after Mount Kilimanjaro, peaks at 4,655 metres (15,272 ft). Arusha Region has the highest number of craters and extinct volcanoes in Tanzania. Other geographical features include the Monduli Mountains, Mt. Longido, and the Olduvai Gorge.
The city of Arusha, the capital of the region, is located at the southern foot of Mount Meru. The majority of Arusha residents live in the city and the surrounding southeastern part of Arusha Region.
National parks, national monuments, and other sites 
- Arusha National Park
- Lake Manyara National Park (part)
- Olduvai Gorge
- Uhuru Monument
- Ngorongoro Conservation Area
- Oldonyo Lengai
- Ngurdoto Crater
- Empakaai Crater
- Great Rift Valley
- Mount Longido Forest Reserve
- Mount Meru Forest Reserve
According to the 2002 Tanzania national census, the Arusha Region had a population of 1,292,973 people.
Culture and cuisine 
Nyama Choma, northern Tanzanian barbecue, is a popular dish among some communities in the Arusha Region, particularly the Masai. Nyama Choma is properly served with a side of Pili Pili sauce and cold local beer or soda.
Arusha Region is divided into six districts.
Districts of Arusha Region
|Map||District||Population (2002)||Capital||Area km²|
|Source: Arusha Region|
The Arusha Region has three main paved highways and two airports.
The first highway runs into the region from the east near Kilimanjaro International Airport. It runs east-west through the city of Arusha, then curves northward around Mt. Meru and continues on to Nairobi. It is commonly called the Nairobi road.
The second begins in the city of Arusha and goes west, through Kisongo and Meserani and past Monduli. After about 50 miles near Mto wa Mbu, the road begins curving southward to the east of Lake Manyara and continues on to Babati and Dodoma. It is commonly called the Dodoma road.
The third is a sealed highway from the Dodoma road near Mto wa Mbu to the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. It accommodates many tourists and passes through Mto wa Mbu and Karatu before ascending to the rim of Ngorongoro Crater.
Arusha Region is landlocked and there are no navigable rivers. The larger lakes in the Rift Valley are not used for transportation. The region is home to Lake Eyasi, Lake Natron, Lake Duluti, Lake Empakaai, and the Momella lakes.
Arusha Region is home to the Kilimanjaro International Airport, which serves the cities of Moshi and Arusha and is the largest airport in northern Tanzania. Its international carriers are Condor Flugdienst, Edelweiss Air, Ethiopian Airlines, Fly540, Kenya Airways, KLM, Precision Air, Qatar Airways, RwandAir, Safarilink Aviation, and Turkish Airlines.
Most overland travel is done by bus from the city of Arusha. Within the city and smaller towns, privately owned and operated Dala-dalas (mini-buses) are used.
The road referred to as Nairobi Road is Arusha-Moshi Road. The Nairobi Road is the one that passes through Ngarenaro, eventually joining the Arusha-Moshi road. They then join and continue with one name 'Nairobi Road' as they head towards Sakina, Azimio, Ngaramtoni and eventually Nairobi.
The Dodoma Road ceased to be in the 1980s when Tanzania lost its then Prime Minister, Edward Moringe Sokoine. The road was renamed Sokoine Road in his honour as it leads to his home village.
Famous people 
- Filbert Bayi grew up in the Arusha Region.
- Edward Sokoine Tanzania's second prime minister
- Edward Lowassa Tanzania's tenth prime minister from 2005-2008
- Frederick Sumaye Tanzania's ninth prime minister from 1995-2005
Regional commissioners 
The chief administrative officer of the region is the Arusha Regional Commissioner. Those who have served as regional commissioners for Arusha Region are:
|Edward Barongo||1962||1962||first after independence|
|Samuel Chamshama||1963||1964||first after union with Zanzibar|
|John Mhaville||1964||1964||second term|
|Dr. Ahmed Kiwanuka||1992||1995|
|Daniel Ole Njoolay||1995||2003||longest serving commissioner|
|Abbas Kandoro||2006||2006||less than six months|
|Col. Samuel Ndomba||2006||2007|||
|Isidore Leka Shirima||2007||2011|||
See also 
- Arusha Airport
- Geography of Tanzania
- Arusha Accords
- Arusha Cultural Heritage Centre
- Arusha Declaration
- 32,131 km2 (12,406 sq mi) for Maryland at "Land and Water Area of States and Other Entities". Bureau of the Census. 2008. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
34,526 km2 (13,331 sq mi) for Arusha at "Arusha Region". Office of The Regional Commissioner. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- "Regions of Tanzania", Statoids
- "Demographic Yearbook", Statistical Office, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, United Nations, Seventh Issue, page 153, New York, 1955
- 2002 Tanzania national census
- Nkwame, Valentine Marc (9–15 December 2006). "Njoolay longest serving RC in Arusha: 17 RCs have served Arusha in 45 years". The Arusha Times (449).
- Col. Samuel Ndomba was reassigned to military duties in Dar es Salaam. Selasini, Edward (1–7 September 2007). "Zanzibar legislators visit Wazee Club". The Arusha Times (484).
- Staff reporter (1–7 September 2007). "Shirima at the helm of Arusha region". The Arusha Times (484).
- Arusha Times Correspondent (17 December 2011–13 January 2012). "RC guarantees order and tranquility". The Arusha Times (695).