|City of Arvada, Colorado|
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Colorado
|Platted||December 1, 1870|
|Incorporated||August 24, 1904|
|Named for||Hiram Arvada Haskin|
|• Type||Home Rule Municipality|
|• Mayor||Marc Williams (2011- )|
|• City Manager||Mark Deven (2011- )|
|• Total||35.759 sq mi (92.616 km2)|
|• Land||35.142 sq mi (91.018 km2)|
|• Water||0.617 sq mi (1.598 km2)|
|Elevation||5,344 ft (1,662 m)|
|• Density||3,123/sq mi (1,206/km2)|
|Time zone||MST (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|ZIP codes||80001-80007 and 80403|
|Area code(s)||Both 303 and 720|
|GNIS feature ID||0204709|
|Highways||I-70, I-76, SH 72, SH 93, SH 95, SH 121|
|Website||City of Arvada|
Seventh most populous city in Colorado
The City of Arvada // is a Home Rule Municipality located in Jefferson and Adams counties in the Denver metropolitan area of the U.S. State of Colorado. The Olde Town Arvada historic district is located 7 miles (11 km) northwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. The United States Census Bureau estimated 109,745 residents as of July 1, 2012, making Arvada the seventh most populous city in Colorado.
The first documented discovery of gold in the Rocky Mountain region occurred on June 22, 1850, when Lewis Ralston, a Georgia prospector headed for the California gold fields, dipped his sluice pan into a small stream near its mouth at Clear Creek. Ralston found about 1/4 ounce (6 g) of gold then worth about five dollars. Ralston's companions named the stream Ralston's Creek in his honor, but they all left the next morning, drawn by the lure of the California gold fields.
During the Pike's Peak Gold Rush in 1858, Ralston brought another group of prospectors back to the site of his first discovery. The placer gold in the area soon played out, but hard rock deposits of gold were found in the mountains to the west. Some of the miners abandoned their search for gold and returned to farm the rich bottom land along Ralston Creek and Clear Creek. They found an eager market for their crops among other gold seekers. The Territory of Colorado was formed on February 28, 1861, and the farms in the valley expanded to feed the growing population of the region.
In 1870, the Colorado Central Railroad laid tracks through the area on its route from Golden to link up with the Kansas Pacific Railroad and the Denver Pacific Railroad at Jersey Junction, 3 miles (5 km) north of Denver. On December 1, 1870, Benjamin F. Wadsworth and Louis A. Reno platted the Ralston Point townsite along the railroad. To avoid confusion with other communities along Ralston Creek, Ralston Point was soon renamed Arvada in honor of Hiram Arvada Haskin, brother-in-law of settler Mary Wadsworth. Benjamin Wadsworth became the first postmaster of Arvada. Colorado was granted statehood on August 1, 1876, and the Town of Arvada was formally incorporated on August 14, 1904. A vibrant agricultural community, Arvada claimed the title "Celery Capital of the World."
Arvada grew rapidly during the latter half of the 20th century as a suburb of nearby Denver, the state capital. Arvada became a Statutory City on October 31, 1951, and a Home Rule Municipality on July 23, 1963. By the end of the millennium, the population of Arvada exceeded 100,000.
On December 9, 2007, Matthew J. Murray walked into the Youth With a Mission Center in Arvada and, after he was refused his request to stay overnight, opened fire and killed five people, injuring two more.
A memorial was held the following Wednesday, December 12, in which Youth With a Mission leaders forgave Murray's family for what happened.
The city of Arvada is a Home Rule Municipality with a council-manager form of government. The Arvada City Council has seven members: a mayor and two councilmembers elected at large, and four councilmembers elected from council districts.
|Councilmember At-large||Don Allard||1993-|
|Councilmember At-large||Bob Fifer||2011-|
|Councilmember, District One||Jerry Marks||2014-|
|Councilmember, District Two and Mayor Pro Tem||Mark McGoff||2007-|
|Councilmember, District Three||John Marriott||2013-|
|Councilmember, District Four||Bob Dyer||2007-|
The City Council selects the city manager. The Arvada City Manager is Mark Deven.
Arvada is located at (39.819962, -105.110975).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.8 square miles (85 km2).84.6 km²; (32.7 sq mi) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (0.58%) is water.
|Coal Creek Canyon||Westminster|
Radioactive contamination of both the immediate, surrounding area and the entire greater Denver metropolitan area has resulted from decades of radioactive isotope releases, largely plutonium (Pu-239), into the environment from the Rocky Flats Plant, a former nuclear weapons production facility located about 15 miles upwind of Denver that has since been shut down and disassembled.
In terms of major related events, on September 11, 1957, portions of the Denver metropolitan area—substantially including Arvada—became contaminated with radioactive Pu-239 from a then highly classified plutonium fire. Another major plutonium fire in 1969 produced similar effects but was monitored and reported by civilian agencies, which led to the U.S. government's divulgence of the 1957 fire.
In 1989, a combined Federal Bureau of Investigation and United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) raid of the plant for investigation of environmental crimes effectively ended production and further potential for plutonium fires. Superfund decontamination results have been withheld by the U.S. Government, but significant Pu-239 contamination has been found outside Rocky Flats as recently as August 2010.
|Climate data for Arvada, Colorado|
|Average high °C (°F)||7
|Average low °C (°F)||−9
|Precipitation mm (inches)||13
Arvada is the western terminus of Interstate 76, which begins at the intersection of Interstate 70 and State Highway 121. Other state highways in Arvada include SH 72, SH 93, and SH 95. Major highways near Arvada include Interstate 25, Interstate 270, U.S. Highway 36 and U.S. Highway 287.
The Amtrak California Zephyr passes through the City of Arvada westbound each morning and eastbound each evening. This route through the scenic heart of the Rocky Mountains is one of the most popular rail routes in the United States. Full Amtrak passenger and parcel service is available at the nearby Denver Union Station.
The Denver Regional Transportation District (RTD) currently serves Arvada with eight local bus routes (31, 50, 51, 52, 72, 76, 80, and 100), four express bus routes (55X, 58X, 72X, and 80X), and one regional bus route (GS). RTD plans to provide Arvada with a commuter rail Gold Line along the old Colorado Central Railroad route (now operated by the BNSF Railway) by 2015.
In 2008 the League of American Bicyclists designated Arvada as a Bronze Level Bicycle Friendly Community.
As of the census of 2010, there were 106,433 people, 42,701 households, and 28,927 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,028.1 people per square mile (1,207.6/km²). There were 44,427 housing units at an average density of 1,216.7 per square mile (469.7/km²) with a median value of $240,000. The racial makeup of the city was 89.08% White, 0.9% African American, 0.8% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.5% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.7% of the population.
There were 44,427 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 20 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. There were 51,984 males and 54,539 Females.
The median income for a household in the city was $66,125 and the median income for a family was $78,591. Males had a median income of $42,126 versus $30,802 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,679. About 4.6% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line.
- Clive Cussler (1931– ), popular author and automobile collector
- Chris Daring (19??– ), fiddler
- Kristen Iversen, author
- Joe King (1980– ), composer, guitarist, vocalist, and co-founder of The Fray
- Barry Kooser (1968- ), Artist, Painter, Animation Filmmaker, CCO of Worker Studio
- Aaron Rothe (198?– ), former keyboardist for Drop Dead, Gorgeous and Sonny Moore
- Isaac Slade (1981– ), composer, pianist, lead singer, and co-founder of The Fray
- Nick Stabile (1971– ), actor
- Dave Welsh (1984– ), lead guitarist for The Fray
- Matt Weatherford (1967– ), writer
- Ben Wysocki (1984– ), percussionist for The Fray
- Brian Ibbott (19??– ), podcaster
- Lloyd J. King (1906–1998), founder of King Soopers grocery chain
- Joel Klatt (1982– ), radio host
- Robert Louis "Bob" Beauprez (1948– ), former U.S. Congressman
- Joanne Conte (1933– ), politician, political commentator, and transsexual activist
- Sara Gagliardi (1958– ), nurse and former state legislator
- Evie Hudak (1951– ), state senator
- Karl Rove (1950– ), political strategist and White House Deputy Chief of Staff (2005–2007)
- John Charles Vivian (1889–1964), 30th Governor of the State of Colorado
- Rick Carelli (1955– ), NASCAR truck racer
- Mark Cooney (1951–2011), NFL linebacker for the Green Bay Packers
- Joe DeCamillis (1965– ), Special Teams coach for the Chicago Bears
- Nick Fazekas (1985– ), professional basketball player
- Roy Halladay (1977– ), Major League Baseball pitcher and 2010 Cy Young Award recipient
- Phil Heath (1979– ), IFBB professional bodybuilder and the 13th Mr. Olympia IFBB professional bodybuilder
- Casey Malone Olympic Discus thrower 2004 and 2008
- Alina Popa (1978- ), IFBB professional bodybuilder
- Erika Sutton (1987– ), professional football defender
- Matt Wiman (1983- ), Mixed Martial Arts fighter for Ultimate Fighting Championship
- Mildred Ella "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias (1911–1956), Olympic gold medalist and professional golfer
- Brad Pyatt (1980- ), Former NFL wide receiver for Indianapolis Colts and other teams
- Outline of Colorado
- State of Colorado
- Colorado cities and towns
- Colorado counties
- Colorado metropolitan areas
- Arvada Center for the Arts and Humanities
- Olde Town Arvada historic district
- Jefferson Parkway
- Pike's Peak Gold Rush
- Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge
- Two Ponds National Wildlife Refuge
- "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01.
- "Arvada History" (HTTP). City of Arvada, Colorado. Archived from the original on 2007-06-28. Retrieved 2007-08-20.
- "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-18.
- "City Council Members" (HTTP). City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "City Manager's Office". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2011-11-28.
- "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-04-23. Retrieved 2011-05-02.
- "Profile for Arvada, Colorado". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- Holusha, John (2007-12-09). "Gunman Kills 2 at Missionary Center Near Denver". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-09.
- "Don Allard, Councilmember At-Large". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2011-11-28.
- "Bob Fifer, Councilmember At-Large". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2011-11-28.
- "Jerry Marks, Councilmember for District 1". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "Mark McGoff, Mayor Pro Tem and Councilmember for District 2". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2014-02-20.
- "John Marriott, Councilmember for District 3". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- "Bob Dyer, Councilmember for District 4". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2011-11-28.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Citizen Summary: Rocky Flats Historical Public Exposures Studies". Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2013-04-16.
- Climate Summary for Arvada,Colorado
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on August 23, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
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- City of Arvada website
- Arvada Historical Society
- CDOT map of the City of Arvada
- Jefferson County website
- Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge website
- Two Ponds National Wildlife Refuge website