Arvada, Colorado

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City of Arvada, Colorado
City
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Colorado
Location in Jefferson County and the state of Colorado
Coordinates: 39°49′12″N 105°6′40″W / 39.82000°N 105.11111°W / 39.82000; -105.11111Coordinates: 39°49′12″N 105°6′40″W / 39.82000°N 105.11111°W / 39.82000; -105.11111
Country United States
State Colorado
Counties[1] Jefferson County
Adams County
Settled 1859[2]
Platted December 1, 1870[2]
Incorporated August 24, 1904[2][3]
Named for Hiram Arvada Haskin
Government
 • Type Home Rule Municipality[1]
 • Mayor Marc Williams[4] (2011- )
 • City Manager Mark Deven[5] (2011- )
Area
 • Total 35.759 sq mi (92.616 km2)
 • Land 35.142 sq mi (91.018 km2)
 • Water 0.617 sq mi (1.598 km2)
Elevation 5,344 ft (1,662 m)
Population (2012)
 • Total 109,745
 • Density 3,123/sq mi (1,206/km2)
Time zone MST (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP codes 80001-80007 and 80403[6]
Area code(s) Both 303 and 720
FIPS code 08-03455
GNIS feature ID 0204709
Highways I-70, I-76, SH 72, SH 93, SH 95, SH 121
Website City of Arvada
Site of the first documented discovery of gold in the Rocky Mountain Region
Seventh most populous city in Colorado

The City of Arvada /ɑrˈvædə/ is a Home Rule Municipality located in Jefferson and Adams counties in the Denver metropolitan area of the U.S. State of Colorado. The Olde Town Arvada historic district is located 7 miles (11 km) northwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. The United States Census Bureau estimated 109,745 residents as of July 1, 2012, making Arvada the seventh most populous city in Colorado.[7]

History[edit]

Cable-stayed bridge at Gold Strike Park

The first documented discovery of gold in the Rocky Mountain region occurred on June 22, 1850, when Lewis Ralston, a Georgia prospector headed for the California gold fields, dipped his sluice pan into a small stream near its mouth at Clear Creek.[2] Ralston found about 1/4 ounce (6 g) of gold then worth about five dollars. Ralston's companions named the stream Ralston's Creek in his honor, but they all left the next morning, drawn by the lure of the California gold fields.

During the Pike's Peak Gold Rush in 1858, Ralston brought another group of prospectors back to the site of his first discovery. The placer gold in the area soon played out, but hard rock deposits of gold were found in the mountains to the west. Some of the miners abandoned their search for gold and returned to farm the rich bottom land along Ralston Creek and Clear Creek. They found an eager market for their crops among other gold seekers. The Territory of Colorado was formed on February 28, 1861, and the farms in the valley expanded to feed the growing population of the region.

In 1870, the Colorado Central Railroad laid tracks through the area on its route from Golden to link up with the Kansas Pacific Railroad and the Denver Pacific Railroad at Jersey Junction, 3 miles (5 km) north of Denver. On December 1, 1870, Benjamin F. Wadsworth and Louis A. Reno platted the Ralston Point townsite along the railroad. To avoid confusion with other communities along Ralston Creek, Ralston Point was soon renamed Arvada in honor of Hiram Arvada Haskin, brother-in-law of settler Mary Wadsworth.[8] Benjamin Wadsworth became the first postmaster of Arvada. Colorado was granted statehood on August 1, 1876, and the Town of Arvada was formally incorporated on August 14, 1904. A vibrant agricultural community, Arvada claimed the title "Celery Capital of the World."

Arvada grew rapidly during the latter half of the 20th century as a suburb of nearby Denver, the state capital. Arvada became a Statutory City on October 31, 1951, and a Home Rule Municipality on July 23, 1963. By the end of the millennium, the population of Arvada exceeded 100,000.

Missionary shooting[edit]

On December 9, 2007, Matthew J. Murray walked into the Youth With a Mission Center in Arvada and, after he was refused his request to stay overnight in the dormitories, opened fire and killed two people, injuring two more.

A memorial was held the following Wednesday, December 12, in which Youth With a Mission leaders forgave Murray's family for what happened.[9]

Government[edit]

"Monsella" tulip, blooming in Arvada 2006

The city of Arvada is a Home Rule Municipality with a council-manager form of government. The Arvada City Council has seven members: a mayor and two councilmembers elected at large, and four councilmembers elected from council districts.

Arvada City Council[4]
Office Incumbent Term
Mayor Marc Williams[4] 2011-
Councilmember At-large Don Allard[10] 1993-
Councilmember At-large Bob Fifer[11] 2011-
Councilmember, District One Jerry Marks[12] 2014-
Councilmember, District Two and Mayor Pro Tem Mark McGoff[13] 2007-
Councilmember, District Three John Marriott[14] 2013-
Councilmember, District Four Bob Dyer[15] 2007-

The City Council selects the city manager. The Arvada City Manager is Mark Deven.[5] Periodically, the City of Arvada conducts a citizen survey wherein residents rate Arvada as a place to live, among other traits. Since 1997 about nine in ten residents have given the city a rating of "Very Good" or "Good." [16]

Geography[edit]

Arvada is located at 39°49′12″N 105°6′40″W / 39.82000°N 105.11111°W / 39.82000; -105.11111 (39.819962, -105.110975).[17]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.8 square miles (85 km2).84.6 km²; (32.7 sq mi) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (0.58%) is water.

Plutonium contamination[edit]

Radioactive contamination of both the immediate, surrounding area and the entire greater Denver metropolitan area has resulted from decades of radioactive isotope releases, largely plutonium (Pu-239), into the environment from the Rocky Flats Plant, a former nuclear weapons production facility located about 15 miles upwind of Denver that has since been shut down and disassembled.

In terms of major related events, on September 11, 1957, portions of the Denver metropolitan area—substantially including Arvada—became contaminated with radioactive Pu-239 from a then highly classified plutonium fire.[18][19] Another major plutonium fire in 1969[20] produced similar effects but was monitored and reported by civilian agencies, which led to the U.S. government's divulgence of the 1957 fire.

In 1989, a combined Federal Bureau of Investigation and United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) raid of the plant for investigation of environmental crimes effectively ended production and further potential for plutonium fires. Superfund decontamination results have been withheld by the U.S. Government, but significant Pu-239 contamination has been found outside Rocky Flats as recently as August 2010.[21][22]

Climate[edit]

The climate is described as Humid Continental by the Köppen Climate System, abbreviated as Dfb.[23]

Climate data for Arvada, Colorado
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
9
(48)
12
(54)
17
(63)
22
(72)
28
(83)
32
(89)
31
(87)
26
(79)
19
(67)
13
(55)
8
(46)
18.7
(65.7)
Average low °C (°F) −9
(16)
−7
(19)
−4
(25)
1
(33)
5
(41)
10
(50)
13
(56)
13
(55)
7
(45)
2
(35)
−4
(25)
−8
(18)
1.6
(34.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 13
(0.5)
18
(0.7)
30
(1.2)
50
(2)
61
(2.4)
36
(1.4)
41
(1.6)
43
(1.7)
30
(1.2)
30
(1.2)
20
(0.8)
15
(0.6)
387
(15.3)
Source: Weatherbase[24]

Transportation[edit]

Arvada is the western terminus of Interstate 76, which begins at the intersection of Interstate 70 and State Highway 121. Other state highways in Arvada include SH 72, SH 93, and SH 95. Major highways near Arvada include Interstate 25, Interstate 270, U.S. Highway 36 and U.S. Highway 287.

The Amtrak California Zephyr passes through the City of Arvada westbound each morning and eastbound each evening. This route through the scenic heart of the Rocky Mountains is one of the most popular rail routes in the United States. Full Amtrak passenger and parcel service is available at the nearby Denver Union Station.

The Denver Regional Transportation District (RTD) currently serves Arvada with eight local bus routes (31, 50, 51, 52, 72, 76, 80, and 100), four express bus routes (55X, 58X, 72X, and 80X), and one regional bus route (GS). RTD plans to provide Arvada with a commuter rail Gold Line along the old Colorado Central Railroad route (now operated by the BNSF Railway) by 2015.

Arvada is served by Denver International Airport and nearby Rocky Mountain Metropolitan Airport.

In 2008 the League of American Bicyclists designated Arvada as a Bronze Level Bicycle Friendly Community.[25]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 840
1920 915 8.9%
1930 1,276 39.5%
1940 1,482 16.1%
1950 2,359 59.2%
1960 19,342 719.9%
1970 49,844 157.7%
1980 84,578 69.7%
1990 89,235 5.5%
2000 102,153 14.5%
2010 106,433 4.2%
Est. 2013 111,707 5.0%

As of the census[26] of 2010, there were 106,433 people, 42,701 households, and 28,927 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,028.1 people per square mile (1,207.6/km²). There were 44,427 housing units at an average density of 1,216.7 per square mile (469.7/km²) with a median value of $240,000. The racial makeup of the city was 89.08% White, 0.9% African American, 0.8% Native American, 2.2% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 3.5% from other races, and 2.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.7% of the population.

There were 44,427 households out of which 31.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.5% were married couples living together, 10.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 26.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.5% from 20 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 13.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40.5 years. There were 51,984 males and 54,539 Females.

The median income for a household in the city was $66,125 and the median income for a family was $78,591. Males had a median income of $42,126 versus $30,802 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,679. About 4.6% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line.

Economy[edit]

Arvada is largely a commuter town to Denver and Boulder. The primary retail corridors are along Wadsworth Boulevard, 52nd Avenue, 64th Avenue, Ralston Road and Kipling Street.

Sister cities[edit]

Arvada has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Notable residents[edit]

Arts[edit]

The water tower situated in Olde Town Arvada

Business[edit]

Politics[edit]

Religion[edit]

Sports[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Active Colorado Municipalities". State of Colorado, Department of Local Affairs. Retrieved 2007-09-01. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Arvada History" (HTTP). City of Arvada, Colorado. Archived from the original on 2007-06-28. Retrieved 2007-08-20. 
  3. ^ "Colorado Municipal Incorporations". State of Colorado, Department of Personnel & Administration, Colorado State Archives. 2004-12-01. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-18. 
  4. ^ a b c "City Council Members" (HTTP). City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  5. ^ a b "City Manager's Office". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  6. ^ "ZIP Code Lookup" (JavaScript/HTML). United States Postal Service. August 18, 2007. Archived from the original on 18 August 2007. Retrieved August 18, 2007. 
  7. ^ "American Factfinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-04-23. Retrieved 2011-05-02. 
  8. ^ "Profile for Arvada, Colorado". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-06-15. 
  9. ^ Holusha, John (2007-12-09). "Gunman Kills 2 at Missionary Center Near Denver". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 11 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-09. 
  10. ^ "Don Allard, Councilmember At-Large". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  11. ^ "Bob Fifer, Councilmember At-Large". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  12. ^ "Jerry Marks, Councilmember for District 1". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  13. ^ "Mark McGoff, Mayor Pro Tem and Councilmember for District 2". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  14. ^ "John Marriott, Councilmember for District 3". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2013-04-16. 
  15. ^ "Bob Dyer, Councilmember for District 4". City of Arvada, Colorado. Retrieved 2011-11-28. 
  16. ^ http://static.arvada.org/docs/Arvada_Citizen_Survey_Report_FINAL-1-201401151032.pdf p.9
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  18. ^ "Citizen Summary: Rocky Flats Historical Public Exposures Studies". Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment. Archived from the original on 2011-07-18. Retrieved 2013-04-16. 
  19. ^ http://www.rockyflatsnuclearguardianship.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/leroy-moore-papers/1957-fateful-year-may92-1.pdf
  20. ^ http://www.colorado.edu/journalism/cej/exhibit/index.html
  21. ^ http://www.ens-newswire.com/ens/aug2010/2010-08-05-01.html
  22. ^ http://coloradoindependent.com/95372/invasive-weeds-at-rocky-flats-raise-nuclear-concerns
  23. ^ Climate Summary for Arvada,Colorado
  24. ^ "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013.  Retrieved on August 23, 2013.
  25. ^ http://www.bikeleague.org/programs/bicyclefriendlyamerica/communities/pdfs/bfc_masterlist_09_10.pdf
  26. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]