Arvada, Wyoming

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Arvada, Wyoming
CDP
Location of Arvada, Wyoming
Location of Arvada, Wyoming
Coordinates: 44°39′15″N 106°7′52″W / 44.65417°N 106.13111°W / 44.65417; -106.13111Coordinates: 44°39′15″N 106°7′52″W / 44.65417°N 106.13111°W / 44.65417; -106.13111
Country United States
State Wyoming
County Sheridan
Area
 • Total 1.75 sq mi (4.5 km2)
 • Land 1.75 sq mi (4.5 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 3,671 ft (1,119 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 43
 • Density 25/sq mi (9.5/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 82831
Area code(s) 307
FIPS code 56-03725[2]
GNIS feature ID 1609064[3]

Arvada is a census-designated place (CDP) in Sheridan County, Wyoming, United States. The population was 43 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Arvada is located at 44°39′15″N 106°7′52″W / 44.65417°N 106.13111°W / 44.65417; -106.13111 (44.654207, −106.131238).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.75 square miles (4.5 square kilometres), all of it land.[5]

Climate[edit]

According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Arvada has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps.[6]

History[edit]

Arvada, Wyoming is located on the west bank of the Powder River, about fifty miles northwest of Gillette. From 1888 to 1891, a stage line that ran from Sundance to Buffalo crossed the Powder River on a ferry boat at the future site of Arvada.[7] The town of Suggs, Wyoming was established on the east bank of the river in 1891, and a post office opened September 14, 1891.[8] Suggs was named for a local rancher.[9]

During the summer of 1892, railroad crews working on the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad, built a bridge across the Powder River at Suggs, although the railroad had only reached Gillette at that point in time. Suggs quickly became an "end of tracks town" with bars, brothels, and gambling establishments.[7]

During the Johnson County War of 1892, a group of Buffalo Soldiers from Fort Robinson, took the train to Gillette, and marched to Suggs. There the black soldiers built "Camp Bettens" in spite of a hostile and racist local population. One black soldier was killed and two wounded in gun battles with locals in a fight known as the "Battle of Suggs."[10] Camp Bettens was built in mid-June 1892, and was abandoned in mid-November[11]

When the railroad reached Suggs in 1892, railroad officials planned the new town of Arvada on the west bank of the Powder River, and Suggs was abandoned. The post office was moved from Suggs to Arvada on July 20, 1893.[8]

The Arvada area has deposits of coal at a shallow depth, and in the early days, local wells produced natural gas in solution in the drinking water. The drinking water would catch on fire, and could burn.[12]

In 2011, the US Postal Service proposed closing the Arvada post office along with 42 other Wyoming post offices. [13]

Demographics[edit]

At the 2000 census,[2] there were 33 people, 18 households and 9 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 15.4 per square mile (6.0/km2). There were 26 housing units at an average density of 12.1/sq mi (4.7/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 84.85% White, 6.06% Native American, and 9.09% from two or more races.

There were 18 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 27.8% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.0% were non-families. 44.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 22.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.83 and the average family size was 2.56.

21.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 27.3% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 120.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 136.4 males. The median family income was $87,857. The median income for all workers was $48,333. Females had a median income of $36,786. Male medium income was unreported. The per capita income for the CDP was $43,343. There were no families living below the poverty line. Five people reported Social Security income and none were on SSI. All workers were reported as being employed by governments.

Education[edit]

Public education in the community of Clearmont is provided by Sheridan County School District #3. Schools serving the town include Arvada Elementary School (grades K-6), Arvada-Clearmont Junior High School (grades 7–8), and Arvada-Clearmont High School District (grades 9–12).

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "2010 Wyoming Place Names". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2012. 
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Arvada, Wyoming
  7. ^ a b Bill O'Neal (June 2004). The Johnson County War. Eakin Press. ISBN 978-1-57168-876-7. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b Ruth Dolzeal (1976). The Postoffices of Wyoming: July 25, 1868 to December 31, 1975. The Author. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  9. ^ Mae Bobb Urbanek (April 1988). Wyoming place names. Mountain Press Pub. Co. ISBN 978-0-87842-204-3. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  10. ^ Schubert, Frank N. "The Suggs Affray: The Black Cavalry in the Johnson County War". The Western Historical Quarterly, Vol. 4, No. 1 (January, 1973), pp. 57–68.
  11. ^ Robert A. Murray (1968). Military posts in the Powder River country of Wyoming, 1865–1894. University of Nebraska Press. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  12. ^ Federal Writers' Project; Writers' Program of the Work Projects Administration in the State of Wyoming. Wyoming: A Guide to Its History, Highways and People. US History Publishers. p. 158. ISBN 978-1-60354-049-0. Retrieved September 6, 2011. 
  13. ^ U.S. Postal Service considers closing 43 Wyoming post offices, Casper Star Tribune, retrieved July 27, 2011