Arviat

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Arviat
ᐊᕐᕕᐊᑦ
Hamlet
Two of the churches in Arviat
Two of the churches in Arviat
Arviat is located in Nunavut
Arviat
Arviat
Coordinates: 61°06′29″N 094°03′25″W / 61.10806°N 94.05694°W / 61.10806; -94.05694Coordinates: 61°06′29″N 094°03′25″W / 61.10806°N 94.05694°W / 61.10806; -94.05694
Country  Canada
Territory  Nunavut
Region Kivalliq Region
Electoral district Arviat North-Whale Cove
Electoral district Arviat South
Government[1][2][3]
 • Type Hamlet
 • Mayor Robert (Bob) Leonard
 • Senior Administrative Officer Ed Murphy
 • MLAs Arviat North-Whale Cove George Kuksuk
 • MLA Arviat South Joe Savikataaq
Area[4][5]
 • Total 132.07 km2 (50.99 sq mi)
 • Population Centre 0.74 km2 (0.29 sq mi)
Elevation[6] 10 m (30 ft)
Population (2011)[4][5]
 • Total 2,318
 • Density 18/km2 (45/sq mi)
 • Population Centre 1,810
 • Population Centre density 2,400/km2 (6,300/sq mi)
Demonym Arviaqmiut,[7] Arviatmiut[8]
Time zone CST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-4)
Postal code X0C 0E0
Area code(s) 867
Website www.arviat.ca

Arviat (Inuit pronunciation: ​[aʁviˈat], syllabics: ᐊᕐᕕᐊᑦ; formerly called Eskimo Point until 1 June 1989) (2011 population 2,318;[4] Population Centre 1,810[5]) is a predominantly Inuit hamlet located on the western shore of Hudson Bay in the Kivalliq Region of Nunavut, Canada. Arviat ("place of the bowhead whale") is derived from the Inuktitut word arviq meaning "Bowhead Whale". Earlier in history, its name was Tikirajualaaq ("a little long point"), and Ittaliurvik, ("a place where the people make tents").[9]

Community[edit]

Arviat is the southernmost community on the Nunavut mainland and is close to the geographical centre of Canada. In Arviat, Inuktitut and English are primarily spoken, having the third largest population in Nunavut, behind Rankin Inlet and Iqaluit. From the 2006 census to the 2011 census there was a population increase of 12.5%.[4] The mayor of Arviat is Robert Leonard.[1] The hamlet of Arviat also possesses a KFC (Kentucky Fried Chicken) restaurant.[10]

Cargo and passenger air service is provided by Calm Air and First Air out of Arviat Airport.

Elder of Arviat

Hunting and fishing are very active in the community; they are the primary source of sustenance. Three local stores - Padlei Co-op, Northern Stores and EPLS - carry a wide range of products.

To the south, the town of Churchill, Manitoba is accessible by boat, snowmobile and Bombardier from Arviat and is often travelled to for supplies.

Arviat is well known around the Arctic for its artistic qualities. It is a thriving community with many talented musicians: Susan Aglukark, a well known musician; Simon "Johnny Cash of the North" Sigyariaq; the band Uniaqtuq, with Arsene, Pelagie and Mary Angalik; the Arviat Band, with John and Billy Kuksuk, Paul Kattau and others; the Irksuk band, played by Paul Irksuk and sons. All have had CDs recorded commercially.

Many types of wildlife are abundant. Within the vicinity of Arviat, polar bears, millions of migratory birds, beluga whales, and caribou are often spotted.

The only access is by air and snowmobile, but the Nunavut government and the federal Senate member for Nunavut, Dennis Patterson, are investigating the possibility of a highway from Thompson, Lynn Lake, or Gillam to Rankin Inlet, through Arviat. Like other Arctic coast communities there is an annual sealift but it is not available to passengers.

Arviat was originally inhabited by the Paallirmiut, a coastal/inland Inuit band. In 1957, dying of starvation, the last remaining Ihalmiut, another Caribou Inuit band, were relocated to Arviat by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police. Though there are differences between the two bands, they recognize a need to work together in order to benefit the community.[11]

Recreation[edit]

The Hudson Bay Quest sled-dog race was run from Churchill to Arviat for the first time in 2004.

Climate[edit]

Based on the Köppen climate classification Arviat has a subarctic climate, but has a polar climate by Nordenskjöld classification, and is north of the arctic tree line. With a yearly mean of −9.3 °C (15.3 °F) it is the third warmest in Nunavut and the maximum of 33.9 °C (93.0 °F) is second only to Kugluktuk. Arviat has a yearly rainfall of 174.4 mm (6.87 in), the fourth wettest in Nunavut but only 112.4 cm (44.3 in) of snow, the third least.[12]

Climate data for Arviat Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high Humidex −1.8 −3.8 2.6 3.2 15.0 29.2 34.3 32.8 24.7 14.7 1.7 −0.5 34.3
Record high °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−1.5
(29.3)
3.5
(38.3)
4.0
(39.2)
14.5
(58.1)
25.5
(77.9)
33.9
(93)
30.0
(86)
23.0
(73.4)
13.0
(55.4)
1.5
(34.7)
−1.5
(29.3)
33.9
(93)
Average high °C (°F) −25.4
(−13.7)
−24.2
(−11.6)
−18.0
(−0.4)
−9.1
(15.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.7
(45.9)
15.1
(59.2)
14.2
(57.6)
7.3
(45.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−12.0
(10.4)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−5.6
(21.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) −29.3
(−20.7)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−22.8
(−9)
−14.0
(6.8)
−4.3
(24.3)
4.4
(39.9)
11.1
(52)
10.8
(51.4)
4.8
(40.6)
−3.6
(25.5)
−16.1
(3)
−24.1
(−11.4)
−9.3
(15.3)
Average low °C (°F) −33.1
(−27.6)
−32.4
(−26.3)
−27.5
(−17.5)
−18.7
(−1.7)
−7.4
(18.7)
1.0
(33.8)
7.0
(44.6)
7.3
(45.1)
2.2
(36)
−6.2
(20.8)
−20.1
(−4.2)
−27.9
(−18.2)
−13.0
(8.6)
Record low °C (°F) −48.3
(−54.9)
−47.0
(−52.6)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−36.7
(−34.1)
−26.7
(−16.1)
−11.0
(12.2)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.6
(30.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−26.0
(−14.8)
−34.0
(−29.2)
−42.5
(−44.5)
−48.3
(−54.9)
Wind chill −62.7 −64.4 −62.4 −48.8 −33.0 −19.1 0.0 0.0 −14.0 −37.2 −50.8 −59.3 −64.4
Precipitation mm (inches) 10.1
(0.398)
6.6
(0.26)
11.4
(0.449)
12.5
(0.492)
18.2
(0.717)
29.6
(1.165)
36.7
(1.445)
56.0
(2.205)
44.0
(1.732)
24.5
(0.965)
18.6
(0.732)
18.3
(0.72)
286.5
(11.28)
Rainfall mm (inches) 0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.5
(0.02)
6.1
(0.24)
26.3
(1.035)
36.7
(1.445)
56.0
(2.205)
41.2
(1.622)
7.6
(0.299)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
174.4
(6.866)
Snowfall cm (inches) 10.1
(3.98)
6.6
(2.6)
11.4
(4.49)
12.1
(4.76)
12.1
(4.76)
3.2
(1.26)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
2.8
(1.1)
16.9
(6.65)
18.8
(7.4)
18.3
(7.2)
112.4
(44.25)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 7.4 7.2 9.1 7.1 7.6 8.0 8.9 14.1 12.6 10.8 10.3 8.1 111.3
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 2.0 7.4 8.9 14.1 11.6 2.8 0.0 0.0 47.0
Avg. snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 7.4 7.2 9.1 7.0 5.8 0.8 0.0 0.0 1.1 8.2 10.3 8.1 65.0
 % humidity 69.1 69.9 74.4 79.8 84.6 76.8 72.7 74.7 74.6 84.1 80.7 73.3 76.2
Source: Environment Canada Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Nunavummiut elect new municipal leaders
  2. ^ Results for the constituency of Arviat North-Whale Cove at Elections Nunavut
  3. ^ Results for the constituency of Arviat South at Elections Nunavut
  4. ^ a b c d 2011 census
  5. ^ a b c "Population Centre". Statistics Canada. 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2012. 
  6. ^ Elevation at airport. Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 24 July 2014 to 0901Z 18 September 2014
  7. ^ Demonyms—From coast to coast to coast
  8. ^ Arctic College News
  9. ^ "Arviat, Nunavut". nu.ca. Retrieved 2008-01-01. 
  10. ^ Find a KFC
  11. ^ "About Arviat". inuitarteskimoart.com. Retrieved 2007-12-26. 
  12. ^ a b "Arviat A" (CSV (4222 KB)). Canadian Climate Normals 1981–2010. Environment Canada. Climate ID: 2300MKF. Retrieved September 30, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation. An Examination of the Use of Domestic Space by Inuit Families Living in Arviat, Nunavut. [Ottawa]: CMHC, 2004.

Dana, Leo, and R Anderson, The evolution of entrepreneurship in Arviat: the southernmost community of mainland Nunavut, http://www.inderscience.com/search/index.php?action=record&rec_id=43473

  • Inuit Gallery of Vancouver. Arviat Artists of the Past, Present, and Future. Vancouver: Inuit Gallery of Vancouver, 1997. ISBN 0-9682123-1-X
  • Kalluak, Mark. Pelts to Stone A History of Arts & Crafts Production in Arviat. [Ottawa]: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, 1993. ISBN 0-662-20847-1
  • Maguire, Mary, and Lynn McAlpine. Attautsikut/Together Understanding Culture, Change and Success in Qitiqliq Secondary School and Arviat. Exemplary schools project technical report, 8. Toronto: Canadian Education Association, 1995. ISBN 0-920315-86-0
  • Sharp, Jason M. Ground Truthing of Linear Magnetic Anomalies Near Arviat, Nunavut Territory. Yellowknife, NT: Indian and Northern Affairs Canada, NWT eology Division, 1999.
  • Swinton, George. Arviat Eskimo Point. Vancouver: Marion Scott Gallery, 1989. ISBN 0-921634-06-4
  • Tyrrell, M. 2006. "Making Sense of Contaminants: A Case Study of Arviat, Nunavut". Arctic. 59, no. 4: 370-380.

External links[edit]