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Aryaman (अर्यमन्‌, pronounced as "aryaman"; nominative singular is aryama) is one of the early Vedic deities. His name signifies "bosom friend", "play-fellow" or "companion".[1] He is the third son of Aditi. He is an Aditya. He is supposed to be the chief of the manes and the Milky Way (aryamṇáḥ pánthāḥ) is supposed to be his path.[1] He was commonly invoked together with the deities Varuṇa and Mitra, also with Bhaga, Bṛhaspati, and others.[1] In the Ṛgveda there are two major groups of gods, the Devas and the Asuras. Unlike in later Vedic texts and in Hinduism, the Asuras are not yet demonized. Aryaman in Ṛgveda is an Asura, Mitra and Varuna being their most prominent members. Aditi is the mother of Adityas, led by Varuna and Mitra.

The Hindu marriage oaths are administered with an invocation to Aryaman being the witness to the event.[2][3]

Similarity with other Indo-European divinities[edit]

The vedic Aryaman and the zoroastrian Airyaman, who in the Avesta is the Yazata of friendship and healing, is the same being. In old German or Saxon mythology, Irmin was the god of war and storms. Often identified with Norse Odin and closely related to him, Irmin is derived from Vedic god Aryaman.[4] Germans considered Milky Way to be the path of Irmin, and called it 'Irmin's Way'.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Monier-Williams Sanskrit Dictionary
  2. ^ वैदिक विवाह और विवाहित जीवन (Vedic weddings and married life), रामशरण वशिष्ठ, ... १४-२-१३--मेरी इस शुभ नारी को धाता प्रजा दे । इसे अर्यमन, मग, अश्विन, प्रजापति, सब प्रजा वाली करें। इसकी संतान बढ़े। ...
  3. ^ हिन्दी कथा-कोष: प्राचीन हिन्दी साहित्य में व्यवहारता नामों तथा पौराणिक अंतरकथाओं का संदर्भ ग्रन्थ (Hindi Myth Treasury), धीरेन्द्र वर्मा, हिन्दुस्तानी एकेडमी, 1974, ... अर्यमन - १. एक वैदिक देवता जो विश्वदेवों में से एक हैं। २. कश्यप तथा अदिति के पुत्र पितृगण में प्रमुख हैं। ३. द्वादह आदित्यों में से एक जो वैशाख मास में उदय होते हैं और जिनकी किरणों की संख्या ३०० मानी जाती है। ...
  4. ^ Gerald James Larson (editor). Myth and Indo-European Antiquity. University of California Press, 1974. ISBN 9780520023789. ... This protector in Indic tradition was Mitra, and Mitra's helper was Aryaman. In Germanic tradition the god cognate to Aryaman was Irmin. And Irmin has been interpreted as being none other than Tyr himself ...