Aryaman

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Aryaman (अर्यमन्‌, pronounced as "aryaman"; nominative singular is aryama) is one of the early Vedic deities. His name signifies "bosom friend", "play-fellow" or "companion".[1] He is the third son of Aditi, the mother of the Adityas. In the RigVeda Aryaman is described as the protector of mares, and the Milky Way (aryamṇáḥ pánthāḥ) is said to be his path.[1] In the Rigveda, the Adityas are also all Asuras, and as such Aryaman is commonly invoked together with Varuna-Mitra, Bhaga, Bṛhaspati, and other Adityas and Asuras.[1] While in later Indian tradition there are two major groups of gods, the Devas and the Asuras, pitted against each other, this was not yet the case in the Rigveda, where the two groups are not yet distinct and the Asuras are not yet demonized.

The Hindu marriage oaths are administered with an invocation to Aryaman being the witness to the event.[2][3]

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  1. ^ a b c Monier-Williams Sanskrit Dictionary
  2. ^ वैदिक विवाह और विवाहित जीवन (Vedic weddings and married life), रामशरण वशिष्ठ, ... १४-२-१३--मेरी इस शुभ नारी को धाता प्रजा दे । इसे अर्यमन, मग, अश्विन, प्रजापति, सब प्रजा वाली करें। इसकी संतान बढ़े। ...
  3. ^ हिन्दी कथा-कोष: प्राचीन हिन्दी साहित्य में व्यवहारता नामों तथा पौराणिक अंतरकथाओं का संदर्भ ग्रन्थ (Hindi Myth Treasury), धीरेन्द्र वर्मा, हिन्दुस्तानी एकेडमी, 1974, ... अर्यमन - १. एक वैदिक देवता जो विश्वदेवों में से एक हैं। २. कश्यप तथा अदिति के पुत्र पितृगण में प्रमुख हैं। ३. द्वादह आदित्यों में से एक जो वैशाख मास में उदय होते हैं और जिनकी किरणों की संख्या ३०० मानी जाती है। ...