Arys is the junction of two important rail lines: Trans-Aral Railway (Orenburg-Arys-Tashkent) and Turkestan-Siberia Railway (Arys-Almaty-Barnaul). The Arys station was built ca. 1904 as a station on the Trans-Aral line; a number of buildings and structures dating to 1902-05 are preserved in the city. in 1932 Arys was granted the status of a work settlement, and in 1956, that of a city.
The economy of Arys is centered around agriculture (grain, cotton, livestock). There are some industries as well, mostly having to do with the city's railroad origin: a railroad tie factory, an electric locomotive repair plant, and another one for the repair of railroad cargo cars.
- "Население Республики Казахстан" (in Russian). Департамент социальной и демографической статистики. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- City of Arys, General information (Russian)
- Profile of the city's industries and economy (Индустриально-экономический профиль) (Russian)
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