As-Sawiya

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For other places with similar names, see Zawiya.
as-Sawiya
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic الساويه
 • Also spelled as-Sawiya (official)
al-Sawaiya (unofficial)
As-Sawiya
As-Sawiya
as-Sawiya is located in the Palestinian territories
as-Sawiya
as-Sawiya
Location of as-Sawiya within the Palestinian territories
Coordinates: 32°05′05″N 35°15′28″E / 32.08472°N 35.25778°E / 32.08472; 35.25778Coordinates: 32°05′05″N 35°15′28″E / 32.08472°N 35.25778°E / 32.08472; 35.25778
Governorate Nablus
Government
 • Type Village Council (from 1994[1])
Population (2006)
 • Jurisdiction 2,301
Name meaning "The level place"[2]

as-Sawiya (Arabic: الساويه‎) is a Palestinian town in the Nablus Governorate in northern West Bank, located 18 kilometers South of Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS), the town had a population of 2,301 inhabitants in mid-year 2006.[3]

History[edit]

At the village site, sherds from IA II (8th and 7th century BCE), the Persian or the early Hellenistic period, Crusader era/ Ayyubid dynasty, Mamluk and early Ottoman era have been found.[4] In the 12th and 13th centuries, during the Crusader era, As-Sawiya was inhabited by Muslims, according to Ḍiyāʼ al-Dīn.[5]

Just north-east of the village is the Khan Sawieh-area. In 1838 Robinson found the Khan in ruins.[6] In the 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) it was described as "a small square building, also a ruined Khan; the walls are standing to some height, and drafted stones are used at the corners. Rock-cut tombs exist just south, showing the place to be an ancient site. The name of the site is Khurbet Berkit."[7] Byzantine pottery, old tombs and cisterns have been found at the site of the Khan.[8]

Ottoman era[edit]

As-Sawiya was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517 with all of Palestine, and in 1596 it appeared in the tax registers as being in the Nahiya of Jabal Qubal of the Liwa of Nablus. It had a population of 40 households and 2 bachelors, all Muslim, and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summercrops, olive trees, occasional revenues, goats and beehives.[9]

In 1838 Robinson noted As-Sawiya being situated on a hill.[6] In the 1882 the SWP described Sawiya as "a little village on a hill overhanging the road."[10]

British Mandate era[edit]

In a census conducted in 1922 by the British Mandate authorities, As-Sawiya (called: Sawiyeh) had a population of 476, all Muslims,[11] while in the 1931 census it had 128 occupied houses and a population of 596, again all Muslim.[12]

In 1945 Es Sawiya had a population of 820, all Arabs, with 10,293 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[13] Of this, 4,394 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 3,412 used for cereals,[14] while 40 dunams were built-up land.[15]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, As-Sawiya came under Jordanian rule.

post-1967[edit]

After Six-Day War in 1967, As-Sawiya has been under Israeli occupation.

As-Sawiya is entirely dependent on its agricultural land. Prior to the Second Intifada, about 250 of the village's residents worked in Israel, but in 2004 only three continued working there. The primary crops grown in as-Sawiya are wheat, olives, grapes, figs, and beans. The land is also used for grazing livestock. Some residents produce yoghurt from their cows and sell it. Local residents sell olive oil to nearby villages such as Lubban as well. Stone-cutting is the most important industry in the town after agriculture.[1]

According to locals, village life has been "deeply affected" by harassment from Jewish settlers. "People cannot go and harvest their land. The settlers take our olives, they throw rocks at people."[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b As Sawiya Village Profile International Women's Peace Service. October 2004.
  2. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 241
  3. ^ Projected Mid -Year Population for Nablus Governorate by Locality 2004- 2006 Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics
  4. ^ Finkelstein, 1997, p. 629
  5. ^ Ellenblum, 2003, pp. 244, 263
  6. ^ a b Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol. 2, p. 91
  7. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 324
  8. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 813
  9. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 137.
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 287
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus
  12. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 65
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 61
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 107
  15. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in S. Hadawi, Village Statistics, 1945. PLO Research Center, 1970, p. 158
  16. ^ Palestinians: profile of a people in search of statehood, 17 September 2011, The Observer

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]