Sallum

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Sallum
Sallum.jpg
Sallum is located in Egypt
Sallum
Sallum
Location in Egypt
Coordinates: 31°30′13″N 25°06′54″E / 31.50361°N 25.11500°E / 31.50361; 25.11500Coordinates: 31°30′13″N 25°06′54″E / 31.50361°N 25.11500°E / 31.50361; 25.11500
Country  Egypt
Governorate Matruh
Elevation 3 ft (1 m)
Population (2006)
 • Total 14,393
Time zone EST (UTC+2)

Sallum, As Sallum, or Sollum (Arabic: السلوم‎ "Alternative", Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [essælˈluːm]) is a village in Egypt, near the Mediterranean Sea, east of the border with Libya, and around 145 km (90 mi) from Tobruk.

Sallum is mainly a Bedouin community. It has little if any tourist activity or organized historical curiosities. It is a regional trading center.

Sallum was the ancient Roman port of Baranis, and there are some Roman wells still remaining in the area. It rests on the Egyptian North Coast, but the location along the border with Libya, about as far west as one may travel in Egypt, means that it is out of the way of almost everything, with few attractions other than a World War II Commonwealth war cemetery. There is a local post office and a National Bank of Egypt branch.

History[edit]

Sallum is mentioned, in historical terms, to denote the extent of the initial Italian invasion into Egypt, from Libya, and the Italian Tenth Army built a series of forts in the vicinity of Sallum and Sidi Barrani.

There was fighting near Sallum in the Libyan-Egyptian War of 1977.

Sallum was a destination point during the total solar eclipse on March 29, 2006, as expeditions traveled to the best observation point. [1]

Climate[edit]

Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh), as the rest of Egypt, but typically as the northern coast of Egypt, has its temperatures moderated by blowing winds from the Mediterranean Sea.

Climate data for Salum
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 18.6
(65.5)
19.6
(67.3)
21.4
(70.5)
24.2
(75.6)
26.8
(80.2)
30
(86)
31.3
(88.3)
31.1
(88)
29.6
(85.3)
27.4
(81.3)
23.9
(75)
20.2
(68.4)
25.34
(77.61)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.8
(56.8)
14.5
(58.1)
16.1
(61)
18.6
(65.5)
21.2
(70.2)
24.7
(76.5)
26.2
(79.2)
26.4
(79.5)
25
(77)
22.6
(72.7)
18.9
(66)
15.3
(59.5)
20.28
(68.5)
Average low °C (°F) 9.8
(49.6)
10.3
(50.5)
11.8
(53.2)
14.1
(57.4)
16.9
(62.4)
20.3
(68.5)
21.9
(71.4)
22.3
(72.1)
20.9
(69.6)
18.5
(65.3)
14.8
(58.6)
11.3
(52.3)
16.07
(60.93)
Precipitation mm (inches) 21
(0.83)
15
(0.59)
7
(0.28)
6
(0.24)
2
(0.08)
1
(0.04)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
13
(0.51)
10
(0.39)
17
(0.67)
92
(3.63)
 % humidity 59 58 59 58 60 59 62 65 64 62 59 59 60.33
Source: Climate Charts[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Valoria La Buena annular eclipse expedition" (report), Solar Physics Group, Astrophysics Lab, University of Rome, January 10, 2007, webpage (mostly Italiano): ICRA-solar: mentions Sidi Barrani observation area.
  2. ^ "Salloum, Egypt Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data.htm". Climate Charts. Retrieved 12 August 2013. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]