Asa Griggs Candler

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This article is about the co-founder of Coca-Cola. For his son the real-estate developer and whose estate is now the Briarcliff Campus of Emory University, see Asa G. Candler, Jr..
Asa Griggs Candler
Asa Candler 2a.jpg
Born Asa Griggs Candler
(1851-12-30)December 30, 1851
Villa Rica, Georgia
Died March 12, 1929(1929-03-12) (aged 77)
Nationality American
Occupation businessman
Known for Coca-Cola
Home town Villa Ricca
Spouse(s) Lucy Elizabeth Howard (1878–1919)

Asa Griggs Candler (December 30, 1851 – March 12, 1929) was an American business tycoon who made his fortune selling Coca-Cola. He also served as the 44th Mayor of Atlanta, Georgia from 1916 to 1919. Candler Field, the site of the present-day Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport, was named after him, as is Candler Park in Atlanta.

Biography[edit]

Asa G. C., American businessman

Candler was born on December 30, 1851 in Villa Rica, Georgia. His father was Samuel C. Candler.[1] He started his business career as a drugstore clerk and manufacturer of patent medicines. In 1888 he bought the formula for Coca-Cola from its inventor John Pemberton and several other shareholders for $550. The success of Coca-Cola was largely due to Candler's aggressive marketing of the product. Candler made millions of dollars from his investment, allowing him to establish the Central Bank and Trust Corp., invest in real estate, and became a major philanthropist for the Methodist Church. He gave $1 million plus a land gift to Emory University, at that time a Methodist college, for the school to move from Oxford, Georgia, to Atlanta. This gift was influenced by Asa's younger brother, Methodist Bishop Warren Akin Candler, who became president of Emory. Candler also gave millions to what would later become Emory Hospital. The school's original library which now houses classrooms and a reading room is named for him, as well as endowed chairs in the school's chemistry department.[citation needed] He also donated the land for Candler Park.

In 1906 he completed Atlanta's then-tallest building, the Candler Building,[2] whose intricately detailed 17 stories still stands at Peachtree and Auburn.[3] In 1912 the Candler Building in New York opened.

Candler was elected mayor of Atlanta in 1916 (taking office in 1917) and ended his day-to-day management of the Coca-Cola Company. As mayor he balanced the city budget and coordinated rebuilding efforts after the Great Atlanta fire of 1917 destroyed 1,500 homes. In 1919 he gave most of the stock in The Coca-Cola Company to his children, who later sold it to a group of investors led by Ernest Woodruff. In 1922 he donated over 50 acres (200,000 m2) of his Druid Hills holdings to the City of Atlanta for what became Candler Park. Candler suffered a stroke in 1926 and died on March 12, 1929. He is buried at Westview Cemetery in southwest Atlanta.

Legacy[edit]

The Candler Field Museum in Williamson, Georgia has been established to commemorate the original "Candler Field" airport.[4]

The "Candler Building" on the northeast corner of East Pratt Street and Market Place in eastern downtown Baltimore, still retains his name. The brick industrial styled building faces the waterfront of the "Basin" (later the famed "Inner Harbor"), of the Baltimore Harbor on the Northwest Branch of the Patapsco River. Used as a regional headquarters for the Coca Cola Bottling Company, the structure was known for having brass door knobs engraved with "CC" for the company. Between the late 1930s and 1960, the building served as the national headquarters of the new Social Security Administration, authorized under the "Social Security Act" of 1935, under the "New Deal" programs of the administration of 32nd President Franklin D. Roosevelt. In 1960, the SSA moved to larger suburban campus in western Baltimore County at Woodlawn, off the then under-construction "Baltimore Beltway" of Interstate 695. By 2000's as the old waterfront area and municipal piers area were being redeveloped from commercial and industrial uses, the Candler Building was renovated for offices and some apartments/condos, with the nearby "Power Plant Live!" development of the David Cordish Company (of famed national commercial developer David S. Cordish), from the old massive streetcar coal-burning power-generating plant from 1900, across the street, into an entertainment and retail destination and district, where the former old Centre Market (also known as "Marsh Market" for the ancient colonial Harrison's Marsh on the site), with its three neighboring buildings for wholesale fish, produce and dry goods, the oldest of the city's eleven municipal markethouses system, since 1760's.

Asa Candler was also a philanthropist, endowing numerous schools and universities as well as the Candler Hospital in Savannah, Georgia.

Callan Castle in Inman Park
Candler mansion (built 1916) at 1500 Ponce de Leon Avenue in Druid Hills
St. John's Chrysostom Melkite Church, 2012

Mansions[edit]

Callan Castle, the Candler home in Inman Park, built from 1902 to 1904, still stands as a private home.

His later mansion at 1500 Ponce de Leon Avenue, Druid Hills, built 1916 eventually became St. John Chrysostom Melkite Greek Catholic Church.[5]

Children[edit]

  • Asa's eldest son, Charles Howard Candler (1878–1957), was chairman of the board of trustees of Emory University. His family estate was Callanwolde on Briarcliff Road in Druid Hills, now a fine arts center.
  • The second son, Asa G. Candler, Jr. (1880–1953), eccentric, alcoholic and depressed, became a real-estate developer, opening the Briarcliff Hotel. His Briarcliff mansion and estate—also on Briarcliff Road in Druid Hills—was turned into an alcohol rehab center, then a psychiatric hospital, and is now Emory's Briarcliff campus. Asa Jr.'s menagerie of animals enabled a major expansion of Zoo Atlanta in the 1930s.
  • Third son, Walter T. Candler (1885–1967), businessman, philanthropist, and horse sportsman. His Lullwater House is now the residence of the Emory President, a park, and land used for the Veterans' Administration complex in Druid Hills.
  • Only daughter Lucy (1882–1962) became Lucy Beall Candler Owens Heinz Leide. Her husband, banker and Kiwanis president Henry Heinz was shot by a burglar in their mansion, Rainbow Terrace, in 1943,[6] though rumours persisted that a relative murdered him.[7] She later married cellist and conductor Enrico Leide, who founded a forerunner of the present Atlanta Symphony Orchestra.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bonner, James C. Georgia's Last Frontier: The Development of Caroll County. Retrieved October 2013. 
  2. ^ Kemp, Kathryn W. (2002-09-03). "Asa Candler (1851-1929)". New Georgia Encyclopedia. Georgia Humanities Council. Archived from the original on 2007-11-13. Retrieved 2009-01-16. 
  3. ^ Candler Building—Atlanta: A National Register of Historic Places Travel Itinerary
  4. ^ http://www.peachstateaero.com/museum
  5. ^ "Candler Mansion". St. John's Chrysostom Melkite Church. Archived from the original on 2007-11-14. Retrieved 2009-01-16. Before all of this present and holy utilization of thi place, this [...] mansion [...] was formerly the home of Asa Candler 
  6. ^ "Husband of Coca Cola Heiress is Slain by Burglar", Paineseville Telegraph, September 29, 1943
  7. ^ Mark Pendergrast, For God, country and Coca-Cola, p.133

Further reading[edit]

Preceded by
James G. Woodward
Mayor of Atlanta
1917–1919
Succeeded by
James L. Key