Asadora

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Renzoku Terebi Shōsetsu (連続テレビ小説?, "serial TV novel") also known as Asadora (朝ドラ?, "Morning Drama") is a serialized television series broadcast in the mornings by Japanese broadcaster NHK. The asadora started in 1961 with the black-and-white Musume to Watashi (娘と私), starring Takeshi Kitazawa. Today, works in the first half of the year are produced by the NHK Tokyo Broadcasting station and works in the second half of the year are produced by the NHK Osaka Broadcasting station.

Asadora currently airs in Japan Monday through Saturday morning on NHK General TV from 8:00 to 8:15, with a rebroadcast the same day from 12:45 to 13:00. The asadora have become some of the most popular shows on Japanese television, with series such as Oshin, earning an overall 52.6-percent ratings for the series.[1]

Virtually all of the storylines center on the life of a female heroine who faces challenges while working to achieve her dreams. The heroine is chosen by NHK through an audition that involves interviews with several thousand applicants. The winning actress not only stars in an asadora, but also becomes a spokeswoman for NHK, and is usually involved in NHK-sponsored events - including the annual Kōhaku Uta Gassen New Year's Eve event. Often, the asadora serves as a springboard for the actress to bigger and better opportunities within the Japanese entertainment industry.

The current series is Massan (2014–2015).

Series[edit]

Title Debut Ending Notes
1 Musume to Watashi (娘と私?) 1961 1962 Starring Takeshi Kitazawa in a story of a father taking care of his step-daughter, born between his now deceased wife and a Frenchman.
2 Ashita no kaze (あしたの風?) 1962 1963 Starring Fumiko Watanabe in drama of a poor family after the war. The first Asadora to be broadcast in 15-minute episodes Monday through Saturday.
3 Akatsuki (あかつき?) 1963 1964 Starring Shin Saburi as a professor who quits the university to become a painter.
4 Uzushio (うず潮?) 1964 1965 Starring Michiko Hayashi as a woman born in poverty who lives a brave life. Based on a novel by Fumiko Hayashi.
5 Tamayura (たまゆら?) 1965 1966 Starring Chishu Ryu as an old man who begins to travel after he retires. From a story written for television by Yasunari Kawabata.
6 Ohanahan (おはなはん?) 1966 1967 Starring Fumie Kashiyama as a woman, born in the Meiji era, who raises a family by herself.
7 Tabiji (旅路?) 1967 1968 Starring Tadashi Yokouchi in a narrative about an employee of the national railroad living through 50 years of modern history with his wife.
8 Ashita koso (あしたこそ?) 1968 1969 Starring Yumiko Fujita in a family drama. The first color Asadora.
9 Nobuko to obāchan (信子とおばあちゃん?) 1969 1970 Starring Naoko Otani as a young woman living with her grandmother.
10 Niji (?) 1970 1971 Starring Yōko Minamida as a woman who supported her family during and after World War II.
11 Mayuko hitori (繭子ひとり?) 1971 1972 Starring Karin Yamaguchi. Second highest rated Asadora with an average rating of 47.4%.[2]
12 Ai yori aoku (藍より青く?) 1972 1973 Starring Hiroko Maki. Screenplay by Taiichi Yamada. Third highest rated Asadora at 47.3%.[2]
13 Kita no kazoku (北の家族?) 1973 1974 Starring Yōko Takahashi in a story about a brother and sister coming of age in Hakodate and Kanazawa.[2]
14 Hatoko no umi (鳩子の海?) 1974 1975 Starring Mihoko Fujita as a woman who lost her memory after experiencing the atomic bombing of Hiroshima.[2]
15 Mizuiro no toki (水色の時?) 1975 1975 Starring Shinobu Otake in a story about a young woman striving to become a doctor and her mother, who is a nurse. The first six-month Asadora. Average rating of 40.1%.[2]
16 Ohayōsan (おはようさん?) 1975 1976 Starring Yoko Akino in a contemporary story about a woman office worker.
17 Kumo no jūtan (雲のじゅうたん?) 1976 1976 Starring Yōko Asaji as a woman who wants to become a pilot.
18 Hi no kuni ni (火の国に?) 1976 1977 Starring Keiko Suzuka about a woman who strives to become a landscape gardener.
19 Ichibanboshi (いちばん星?) 1977 1977 A dramatization of the life of the singer Chiyako Sato. Michiko Godai replaced Haruna Takase in the lead two months into the series when Takase became ill.
20 Kazamidori (風見鶏?) 1977 1978 Starring Harumi Arai as a woman who marries a German and starts a bakery in Kobe.
21 Otei-chan (おていちゃん?) 1978 1978 Starring Chikako Yuri in a dramatization of the life of Sadako Sawamura.
22 Watashi wa umi (わたしは海?) 1978 1979 Starring Tomoko Aihara. About a woman raising war orphans.
23 Mā-nē-chan (マー姉ちゃん?) 1979 1979 Based on autobiographical stories penned by manga artist Machiko Hasegawa and featuring her older sister. Starring Mami Kumagai and Yūko Tanaka.
24 Ayu no uta (鮎のうた?) 1979 1980 Starring Senri Yamazaki as a woman who makes her life at a fishing port.
25 Natchan no shashinkan (なっちゃんの写真館?) 1980 1980 Starring Tomoko Hoshino as a woman who strives to become a photographer.
26 Niji o oru (虹を織る?) 1980 1981 Starring Misako Konno as a woman from Hagi, Yamaguchi, who joins the Takarazuka Revue.
27 Mansaku no hana (まんさくの花?) 1981 1981 A rare Asadora that is wholly set in contemporary Japan.
28 Honjitsu mo seiten nari (本日も晴天なり?) 1981 1982 Starring Hideko Hara as a woman who becomes a radio announcer and then a writer.
29 Haikara-san (ハイカラさん?) 1982 1982 Starring Satomi Tezuka as a woman who starts a hotel in the Meiji era.
30 Yōi don (よーいドン?) 1982 1983 Starring Kumiko Fujiyoshi as a woman who suffers family hardships before achieving success as a marathon runner.
31 Oshin (おしん?) 1983 1984 Starring Ayako Kobayashi, Yūko Tanaka, and Nobuko Otowa – Oshin's perseverance pulls her through various challenges during her life. Episode on November 12, 1983 is the highest rated in Japanese television drama history, with 62.9 percent.[3]
32 Romansu (ロマンス?) 1984 1984 Starring Takaaki Enoki as a young man who becomes a film director. The first Asadora with a male lead since 1967.
33 Kokoru wa itsumo ramune-iro (心はいつもラムネ色?) 1984 1985 Starring Eisaku Shindō as a man who loves manzai. Average rating of 40.2%.[2]
34 Miotsukushi (澪つくし?) 1985 1985 Starring Yasuko Sawaguchi. Average rating of 44.3%.[2]
35 Ichiban-daiko (いちばん太鼓?) 1985 1986 Starring Shin'ichirō Okano. About a man who enters the world of popular theatre.
36 Hanekonma (はね駒?) 1986 1986 Starring Yuki Saito. Average rating of 41.7%.[2]
37 Miyako no kaze (都の風?) 1986 1987 Starring Miyuki Kanō. A woman from Kyoto moves to Nara and runs a ryokan and then enters the fashion industry.
38 Chotchan (チョッちゃん?) 1987 1987 Starring Hiro Komura. Based on the autobiography of Tetsuko Kuroyanagi's mother.
39 Hassai Sensei (はっさい先生?) 1987 1988 Starring Mayumi Wakamura. About a woman from Tokyo who goes to teach at an all-boys school.
40 Non-chan no yume (ノンちゃんの夢?) 1988 1988 Starring Tomoko Fujita. About a woman who struggles to survive after World War II and starts a magazine. Average rating of 39.1%.[2]
41 Jun-chan no ōenka (純ちゃんの応援歌?) 1988 1989 Starring Tomoko Yamaguchi in her acting debut. Average rating of 38.6%.[2]
42 Seishun kazoku (青春家族?) 1989 1989 Stars Misa Shimizu and Ayumi Ishida. Average rating of 37.8%.[2]
43 Wakko no kin medaru (和っこの金メダル?) 1989 1990 About a female volleyball player who helps out the local community. Starring Azusa Watanabe.
44 Rinrin to (凛凛と?) 1990 1990 About a man who developed an early television system. Starring Minoru Tanaka.
45 Kyō, futari (京、ふたり?) 1990 1991 Set in an old Kyoto tsukemono store, this series depicted the conflicts between a woman, her daughter and her father-in-law.
46 Kimi no na wa (君の名は?) 1991 1992 The first year-long series since Oshin. Starred Kyoka Suzuki, but ended up being the first Asadora with an average rating under 30%.[2]
47 Onna wa dokyō (おんなは度胸?) 1992 1992 Chronicles the conflicts between a woman and her step-daughter in a hot springs town. Starring Pinko Izumi and Sachiko Sakurai.
48 Hirari (ひらり?) 1992 1993 Starring Hikari Ishida. Screenplay by Makiko Uchidate, who is a member of the Japan Sumo Association, and is involved in sumo matters, such as advancing rikishi to the rank of Yokozuna. The storyline evolves around sumo - as the heroine become a nutritionist and works within the sumo system. Average rating of 36.9%.[2]
49 Ee Nyobo (ええにょぼ?) 1993 1993 A woman works hard to become a good doctor even though she is separated from her husband. Starring Naho Toda.
50 Karin (かりん?) 1993 1994 A young woman, whose family runs an old miso company in Nagano Prefecture, lives through the hardships of postwar Japan. Starring Naomi Hosokawa. Last Asadora to top 30% in ratings.[2]
51 Piano (ぴあの?) 1994 1994 About the youngest of four sisters, all raised solely by their father, who wants to write children's books. Starring Risa Junna.
52 Haru yo, koi (春よ、来い?) 1994 1995 A successful screenwriter looks back on her life when she learns her husband has cancer. A year-long series, starring Narumi Yasuda.
53 Hashiran ka! (走らんか!?) 1995 1996 Set in Hakata, the series is about a young man who wants to play rock music even though his father expects him to follow him in making Hakata ningyō. One of the few Asadora starring a male character.
54 Himawari (ひまわり?) 1996 1996 About a woman, played by Nanako Matsushima, striving to become a lawyer.
55 Futarikko (ふたりっこ?) 1996 1997 About a female professional shogi player and her twin sister. Starring Hiromi Iwasaki and Maiko Kikuchi, with Kana Mikura and Mana Mikura (ManaKana) playing them as children. Average rating of 29.0%
56 Aguri (あぐり?) 1997 1997 Based on the life of the beauty stylist Aguri Yoshiyuki, who married the novelist Eisuke Yoshiyuki and became the mother of the novelist Junnosuke Yoshiyuki and the actress Kazuko Yoshiyuki. Starring Misato Tanaka and Mansai Nomura.
57 Amakarashan (甘辛しゃん?) 1997 1998 About a young woman who hopes to become a sake brewer. Starring Yumiko Sato.
58 Ten Urara (天うらら?) 1998 1998 About a young woman training to be a carpenter who, through her own family situation, learns about the need for a barrier-free world. Starring Risa Sudo.
59 Yanchakure (やんちゃくれ?) 1998 1999 About a young woman in Osaka who helps resurrect a shipbuilding company. Starring Miho Konishi.
60 Suzuran (すずらん?) 1999 1999 Follows the life of a woman, raised in a coal town in Hokkaido by a father who worked on the railroad, from the 1920s to the 1930s. Starring Nagiko Tōno and Chieko Baisho.
61 Asuka (あすか?) 1999 2000 Asuka learns to become a wagashi maker, even though wagashi is a heavily male-dominated field. Starring Yūko Takeuchi.
62 Watashi no aozora (私の青空?) 2000 2000 About a young woman whose fiancé leaves her, pregnant, at the altar. With her son, she leaves for Tsukiji to make it on her own. Starring Tomoko Tabata.
63 Ōdorī (Audrey オードリー?) 2000 2001 About a young woman involved in the Japanese film industry in Kyoto. Starring Aya Okamoto.
64 Churasan (ちゅらさん?) 2001 2001 The first Asadora set in Okinawa. Starring Ryōko Kuninaka.
65 Honmamon (ほんまもん?) 2001 2002 About a young woman striving to become a chef in Wakayama Prefecture. Starring Chizuru Ikewaki.
66 Sakura (さくら?) 2002 2002 Sakura Matsushita is a third-generation Japanese-American, living in Honolulu, Hawaii. Her dream is to become an ESL teacher in Japan, and moves there to achieve her dream.
67 Manten (まんてん?) 2002 2003 Starring Mao Miyaji. About a woman who studies to be a meteorologist.
68 Kokoro (こころ?) 2003 2003 Starring Noriko Nakagoshi. Set in Asakusa, Tokyo.
69 Teruteru Kazoku (てるてる家族?) 2003 2004 Starring Satomi Ishihara and based on a novel by Rei Nakanishi. First Asadora to average under 20% in ratings.[2]
70 Tenka (天花?) 2004 2004 Starring Ema Fujisawa as a young woman from Sendai, Miyagi
71 Wakaba (わかば?) 2004 2005 Starring Natsuki Harada as a young woman who becomes a landscaper
72 Fight (ファイト?) 2005 2005 Yuika Motokariya stars as 15-year old Kido Yū, living with her family in Takasaki, Gunma Prefecture. Yū faces tough times, and relies on the friendship of a horse to keep her spirits up.
73 Kaze no Haruka (風のハルカ?) 2005 2006 Starring Eri Murakawa. Takes place in Yufuin, Ōita Prefecture. Haruka's goal is to become a travel agent, and moves to Osaka, leaving her father and sister behind, to achieve her dream.
74 Junjō Kirari (純情きらり?) 2006 2006 Starring Aoi Miyazaki. Sakurako's dream is to become a jazz pianist. Events take place in Okazaki, Aichi Prefecture.
75 Imo Tako Nankin (芋たこなんきん?) 2006 2007 Based on a true story, Naomi Fujiyama plays the heroine role of Machiko Hanaoka - a 37-year old woman who dreams of becoming a novelist. She marries into an extended family. Events take place in the city of Osaka.
76 Dondo Hare (どんど晴れ?)[4][5] 2007 2007 Stars Manami Higa. Screenplay by Eriko Komatsu. Natsumi marries an heir of a high class ryokan, located in Morioka, Iwate Prefecture. She then becomes the ryokan's okami or manager.
77 Chiritotechin (ちりとてちん?) 2007 2008 Starring Shihori Kanjiya. The storyline focuses on the art of rakugo. Kiyomi's dream is to become a rakugoka, despite rakugo being a male-dominated field.
78 Hitomi (?) 2008 2008 Starring Nana Eikura. Hitomi's dream is to become a dancer of modern music.
79 Dandan (だんだん?) 2008 2009 Starring identical twins Mana and Kana Mikura (of Futarikko fame). Finding each other years after being separated as children, they work together to achieve their dreams as singers.
80 Tsubasa (つばさ?) 2009 2009 Starring Mikako Tabe as Tsubasa who works at a local radio station, and eventually becomes a disc jockey.
81 Wel-kame (ウェルかめ?) 2009 2010 About a girl from Minami-cho, Tokushima who, inspired by seeing a sea turtle when she was six, strives to become a magazine editor. Lowest rated Asadora at 13.5%.[2]
82 Gegege no Nyobo (ゲゲゲの女房?) 2010 2010 Starring Nao Matsushita. Fumie is the wife of manga artist Shigeru Mizuki. The screen play is based on her rags to riches biography.
83 Teppan (てっぱん?) 2010 2011 Starring Miori Takimoto and Sumiko Fuji. Akari's natural mother is originally from Osaka. She moves to Osaka to live with her grandmother to learn more about her mother. She learns that her grandmother closed the okonomiyaki restaurant after Akari's teenage mother ran away. Akari then re-opens the restaurant.
84 Ohisama (おひさま?) 2011 2011 Starring Mao Inoue. The title refers to the sun, and thus also relates to the heroine Yoko, whose name means "child of the sun". Yoko's dream is to become a school teacher, but she also experiences tough times during the Pacific War.
85 Carnation (カーネーション?) 2011 2012 Starring Machiko Ono. Based on the life of fashion designer Ayako Koshino. Her three daughters would eventually all become fashion designers.
86 Umechan Sensei (梅ちゃん先生?) 2012 2012 Starring Maki Horikita, who plays a young woman striving to become a physician in post-World War II Tokyo.
87 Jun to Ai (純と愛?) 2012 2013 Starring Natsuna as a young woman who wants to start her ideal hotel. Set in Osaka and Miyakojima.
88 Amachan (あまちゃん?) 2013 2013 Starring Rena Nōnen as a young woman who becomes an ama and then an idol before returning to Tohoku to help revive the area after the earthquake.
89 Gochisōsan (ごちそうさん?) 2013 2014 Starring Anne Watanabe as a young woman trying to learn how to cook Japanese cuisine during the Taisho and Shōwa periods.
90 Hanako to Anne (花子とアン?) 2014 2014 Starring Yuriko Yoshitaka as Hanako Muraoka, the woman who first translated Anne of Green Gables into Japanese
91 Massan (マッサン?) 2014 Starring Charlotte Kate Fox as Ellie Kameyama, wife of Masaharu Kameyama, portrayed by Tetsuji Tamayama, a man who starts whisky brewing in Japan. It is based on the life of Rita Taketsuru, a Scotswoman who married the Japanese man Masataka Taketsuru, the father of Japan's whisky industry. The title comes from Rita's nickname for Masataka.[6][7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Men and Women of Character". 50 Years of NHK Television. NHK. Retrieved 8 October 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "NHK asa no renzoku terebi shōsetsu". Bideo Risāchi. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  3. ^ 視聴率ハンドブック - ビデオリサーチ
  4. ^ NHK Information - Comment from the Top. Japan Broadcasting Corporation. Accessed April 3, 2008.
  5. ^ NHK Information - Comment from the Top: Summary of Press Conference (October, 2007). Japan Broadcasting Corporation. Accessed April 3, 2008,
  6. ^ "朝ドラ史上初 外国人ヒロイン…国籍問わず/芸能速報/デイリースポーツ online". Daily.co.jp. 2013-11-18. Retrieved 2014-04-05. 
  7. ^ "NHK朝ドラのヒロインに初の外国人 - 芸能社会 - SANSPO.COM(サンスポ)". Sanspo.com. 2014-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 
  8. ^ "NHKテレビ小説で史上初外国人ヒロイン - 芸能ニュース". nikkansports.com. 2014-03-04. Retrieved 2014-03-20. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]