Ascarat

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Ascarat
Traditional Farmhouse in Ascarat
Traditional Farmhouse in Ascarat
Coat of arms of Ascarat
Coat of arms
Ascarat is located in France
Ascarat
Ascarat
Coordinates: 43°10′17″N 1°15′14″W / 43.1714°N 1.2539°W / 43.1714; -1.2539Coordinates: 43°10′17″N 1°15′14″W / 43.1714°N 1.2539°W / 43.1714; -1.2539
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Bayonne
Canton Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry
Intercommunality Garazi-Baïgorri
Government
 • Mayor (1995–2020) Jean-Michel Galant
Area1 5.82 km2 (2.25 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 312
 • Density 54/km2 (140/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64066 / 64220
Elevation 120–446 m (394–1,463 ft)
(avg. 161 m or 528 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ascarat (Basque: Azkarate) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants are known as Azkaratear.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

The fronton in the square

Ascarat is located in the former province of Lower Navarre in the Aldudes Valley immediately north-west of Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port. Access to the commune is by the D918 road from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port which passes through the length of the commune on the eastern side and continues to Louhossoa. The D15 road goes north-west from Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port through the southern part of the commune continuing to Irouléguy. Access to the village is by country roads - Garategana from the D15 and Learraa from the D918. There are substantial forests in the commune however about 70% of the land area is farmland.[3]

The Nive river forms the eastern border of the commune as it flows north to join the Adour at Bayonne. Three streams flow into the Nive in the commune: the Nive d'Arnéguy, the Nive de Béhérobie, the Berroko erreka, and the Pagolako erreka.[3]

Places and hamlets[4][edit]

  • Apelchénéa
  • Arbelarréa
  • Arrécharborda
  • Béhérekoetchéa
  • Bentaberria
  • Beskinaénéa
  • Bidartéa
  • Bordia
  • Burugorriénéa
  • Caracotchéa
  • Choko Ona
  • Errékaldéa
  • Fargas (château)
  • Ferrandoénéa
  • Garatégaïna
  • Haranbiako Borda
  • Harguinaénéa
  • Harguinchuria
  • Hirureta
  • Indartéa
  • Iputchaénéa
  • Ithurraldéa
  • Ithurricheta
  • Jauberria
  • Pontoussénéa
  • Puchulua
  • La Solitude
  • Tofinaenea
  • Uhaldéa

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The name Ascarat appears in the forms:

Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicated that the name is composed of aitz ("rock") and garate ("high place"), giving "a height of rocks".[5]

Chubitoa was a hamlet in Ascarat and Anhaux, mentioned in 1863[10]

Jauréguy was a fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre, cited in the 1863 dictionary[11] as was Larragoyen.[12]

The commune name in basque is Azkarate.[2]

History[edit]

The parish was mentioned in 1256 and was "ravaged by soldiers" in 1396.[13]

In 1391 Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry included the modern communes of Anhaux, Ascarat, Irouléguy, and Lasse.[14]

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Ascarat
Blazon:

Quarterly, at 1 Azure, a vine stalk leaved in Argent, fruited in Or; at 2 Argent an eagle rising of Sable on a mount of Vert; at 3 Argent with 2 fesses of Gules; at 4 Azure with a horse gai passant of Or surmounted by two mullets of Argent posed in fesse, a canton sinister of Gules charged with a sword of Argent.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[15]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2020 Jean-Michel Galant AB General Councillor

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of nine inter-communal structures:[16]

  • the Community of communes of Garazi-Baigorri;
  • the SIVOS of Garazi;
  • the SIVU Hiruen Artean;
  • the AEP association of Anhice;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for sanitation of Ur Garbi;
  • the inter-communal association for the management and development of the abattoir at Saint-Jean-Pied-de-Port;
  • the joint association for the Drainage basin of the Nive;
  • the association to support Basque culture.

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 312 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
334 260 279 369 402 441 440 445 403
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
340 375 354 360 353 350 354 346 412
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
338 350 354 321 323 355 353 348 325
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
274 283 282 294 294 275 280 312 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Ascarat

Economy[edit]

The commune is part of the production zone of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) of Irouléguy and also of the AOC zone of Ossau-iraty.

Economic activity is mainly agricultural.

Culture and heritage[edit]

The Church

Civil heritage[edit]

There are several houses and farms in the commune which are registered as historical monuments. These are:

  • Uhaldea House (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[17]
  • Harizpea Farm (1587)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[18]
  • Chateau de Vergues (or Chateau de Fargas) (18th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19]
  • Houses and Farms (17th-19th centuries)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20]

Religious heritage[edit]

The Church of Saint-Julien-d'AntiocheLogo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is of medieval origin was heavily rebuilt in the 18th and 19th century.[21]

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  2. ^ a b Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language (Basque)
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  5. ^ a b c d e f Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
  6. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011, p. 15 (French)
  7. ^ Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda (French)
  8. ^ Derecho de naturaleza que la merindad de San-Juan-del-pie-del-puerto, una de las seys de Navarra, tiene en Castilla - 1622 petit in-4° (Spanish)
  9. ^ Manuscripts from the 17th and 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 50 (French)
  11. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 85 (French)
  12. ^ Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, p. 94 (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000420 Presentation of the commune of Ascarat (French)
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000425 Presentation of the commune of Saint-Étienne-de-Baïgorry (French)
  15. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  16. ^ Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 2 March 2012 (French)
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000459 Uhaldea House (French)
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000416 Harizpea Farm (French)
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000415 Chateau de Vergues (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000486 Houses and Farms (French)
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000414 Church of Saint-Julien-d'Antioche (French)