Ascott-under-Wychwood

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Ascott-under-Wychwood
Ascott-under-Wychwood church.jpg
Holy Trinity parish church
Ascott-under-Wychwood is located in Oxfordshire
Ascott-under-Wychwood
Ascott-under-Wychwood
 Ascott-under-Wychwood shown within Oxfordshire
Population 504 (2001 census)[1]
OS grid reference SP3018
Civil parish Ascott-under-Wychwood
District West Oxfordshire
Shire county Oxfordshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Chipping Norton
Postcode district OX7
Dialling code 01993
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament Witney
Website The Ascott-under-Wychwood Community Website
List of places
UK
England
Oxfordshire

Coordinates: 51°52′19″N 1°33′54″W / 51.872°N 1.565°W / 51.872; -1.565

Ascott-under-Wychwood is a village and civil parish in the Evenlode valley about 4.5 miles (7 km) south of Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire.

Toponym[edit]

The village is one of three named after the historic forest of Wychwood; the others being Shipton-under-Wychwood and Milton-under-Wychwood.

Manor and castle[edit]

Ascot d'Oilly Castle was built in about 1129–50 and a stone tower was added to it in the 13th century. The castle bailey is now occupied by the manor house, which is mainly 16th and 17th century but contains some 13th century buttressed and other stonework.[2]

Parish church[edit]

Holy Trinity Church of England parish church was built in about 1200 in a transitional style from Norman to Early English.[3] Surviving transitional work includes the south porch, and the four-bay arcade between the nave and the north aisle.[3] The chancel arch and the lancet windows along the side of the north aisle are Early English.[3]

Most of the present windows in the nave and chancel were inserted in the 14th and 15th centuries, including the Decorated Gothic east windows of the chancel and north aisle and the Perpendicular Gothic south windows of the chancel and west window of the aisle.[3] Also Perpendicular Gothic are the chancel piscina and sedilia, the octagonal baptismal font and a small chapel next to the chancel.[3]

The upper stages of the bell tower were built in the 15th century.[3] The building was restored in 1857–59 under the direction of the Oxford Diocesan architect G.E. Street.[3] Holy Trinity is a Grade II* listed building.[4]

The tower has a ring of six bells. Five of these including the tenor bell were cast in 1744 by Henry III Bagley[5] of Chacombe, Northamptonshire, who at the time had also a bell-foundry at Witney. The treble was cast in 1905 by Mears and Stainbank of the Whitechapel Bell Foundry.[5] There is also a Sanctus bell cast in 1797 by Thomas I Mears.[5]

In 2001 the Church of England Benefice of Ascott-under-Wychwood, Chadlington and Spelsbury merged with that of Enstone and Heythrop to form the Chase Benefice.[6]

Economic and social history[edit]

Ascott-under-Wychwood signal box, near Ascott d'Oyley.

The Oxford, Worcester and Wolverhampton Railway was built in 1845 and opened Ascott-under-Wychwood railway station to serve the village. The OW&WR is now the Cotswold Line and the station is served by First Great Western trains.

The village school was designed by the architect C.C. Rolfe and built in 1871.[3]

In 1873 a farmer dismissed several men of Ascott-under-Wychwood because they had formed a branch of the National Union of Agricultural Workers. He hired labourers from the village of Ramsden to work as strikebreakers but a group of women from Ascott-under-Wychwood tried to dissuade the Ramsden labourers from working. Sixteen of the women were arrested, tried by magistrates in Chipping Norton and given short sentences of imprisonment in Oxford Castle. Their convictions were met with rioting in Chipping Norton, questions in Parliament and a royal pardon from Queen Victoria. The 16 are commemorated as the Ascott Martyrs.[7] In 1874 at least four of the women emigrated with their families to New Zealand, where they now have numerous descendants.[8] In 1973 on the centenary of the women's ordeal a commemorative bench was erected in the village.[9]

Amenities[edit]

Ascott-under-Wychwood has a public house, the Swan. Since July 2010 the Swan has been closed. The Swan was re opened in June 2013.[10]

Ascott-under-Wychwood has a community shop, opened in 2003.[11]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

The Ascott Grapevine