Ascros

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Ascros
The village of Ascros
The village of Ascros
Coat of arms of Ascros
Coat of arms
Ascros is located in France
Ascros
Ascros
Coordinates: 43°55′19″N 7°00′52″E / 43.9219°N 7.0144°E / 43.9219; 7.0144Coordinates: 43°55′19″N 7°00′52″E / 43.9219°N 7.0144°E / 43.9219; 7.0144
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-Maritimes
Arrondissement Nice
Canton Puget-Théniers
Intercommunality Alpes d'Azur
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Vincent Giobergia
Area1 17.74 km2 (6.85 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 143
 • Density 8.1/km2 (21/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 06005 / 06260
Elevation 600–1,449 m (1,969–4,754 ft)
(avg. 1,150 m or 3,770 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Ascros is a French commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region of south-eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Ascrossois or Ascrossoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Ascros is an alpine commune located some 45 km north-west of Nice and 15 km east by south-east of Puget-Théniers. Access to the commune is by the D27 road from Toudon in the south-east passing through the heart of the commune and the village and continuing west to Puget-Théniers. the D427 road branches off the D27 in the commune and goes south-west to join the D17 road which goes to Sigale in the south. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Rourebel, Les Chats, and Les Crottes all along the D27 road. The commune is very rugged and alpine in nature with large forests.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[2][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in Occitan is Als Cros and in Italian Ascroso.

History[edit]

Many ancient remains have been found in the commune including tombs dating from the Bronze Age and from Antiquity (Roman Empire).

The village is cited under the name of Castrum de Crocis in 1066. Its current name of Ascros was adopted in 1760. The origin of the name is the Low Latin crosus meaning "depression".

The current village is located at an altitude of 1,145 metres above sea level in a defensive site. In 1252 Raibaud d'Ascros, Lord of Ascros or of Crocquio, seized the lordship of Toudon before being chased out.

The commune is a former fief of the barons then the counts of Beuil.

In 1508 Georges Grimaldi, Lord of Beuil, and his cousin Jean Grimaldi, Lord of Levens agreed with King Louis XII to deliver Nice to the king in exchange for some lordships perhaps through the Governor of Provence of whom Georges was the son-in-law. This agreement failed. They were then summoned to come and explain to the Governor of Nice, Squire of La Pallud. Georges refused. On 5 January 1508 in his chateau at Beuil his barber, Esprit Testoris, slit his throat, possibly paid by the Governor of Nice. The County of Beuil then reverted to his younger brother, Honoré, Lord of Ascros. Honoré I of Beuil, friend of Charles III, Duke of Savoy, was appointed Governor of Nice and faithfully provided the defence of the county.

In 1526 Jean-Baptiste Grimaldi, second son of Honoré I (d. 1537) and Lord of Ascros, was accused by another Honoré, Lord of Les Ferres and of Gilette, of plotting with his brother, René Grimaldi - Lord of Massoins, against the Duke of Savoy with the King of France. In revenge the two brothers laid siege to the chateau of Gilette where the Lord of Les Ferres was but who managed to escape. The Governor of Nice, having seen the troubles that the Duke had made, ordered the return of the Chateau of Gilette which was achieved after two months of siege. The brothers had to flee. Their father had to seek clemency from the Duke for them, which was obtained by an act of 6 December 1529 after the Paix des Dames or Treaty of Cambrai. Meanwhile, the Lord of Les Ferres retaliated by attacking Rigaud in 1528. René returned to the county and was murdered in his sleep by one of his servants who was paid by his opponents. Jean-Baptiste then intrigued with France and decided to make war against the Duke of Savoy.

In August 1543 throughout the County of Nice the population rose against the Duke and, between 11 and 16 August 1543, there was terror with looting, and burning of those villages that did not recognize the King of France. Jean-Baptiste Grimaldi of Beuil was killed in 1544 at the Battle of Cérisoles fighting for the King of France.[3]

The revolt of Annibal Grimaldi brought about his conviction and execution in 1621 and, the chateau was destroyed by order of Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy. The fief of Ascros was given to one Galléan then went to the Caissoti family who were Lords of Roubion who also owned the lordship of Toudon.

In 1793, during the Battle of Gilette, 300 men camped in the village.

Apart from the traditional cultivation of cereals, the village also lived on the raising of sheep and goats. Some people also operated small mines and quarries in the late 19th century.

During the Second World War the village provided refuge for Jews but a raid led to three arrests.

Heraldry[edit]

Arms of Ascros
Blazon:

Quarterly, 1 and 4 lozengy of Argent and Gules; 2 Azure, a mullet of 8 points of Or; 3 Or, a fesse of Azure.



Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
1801 1813 Jean-André Gastaud
1813 1816 Jean-Honoré Gastaud
1816 1821 Joseph Gastaud
1821 1826 Benoit Dalmas
1826 1832 Jean-Baptiste Gastaud
1832 1834 Benoit Dalmas
1834 1841 Honoré Brun
1841 1849 Jean-Baptiste Gastaud
1849 1850 Pierre Dalmas
1850 1864 Jean-Baptiste Gastaud
1864 1871 Denis Dalmas
1871 1874 Léon Gastaud
1874 1884 Antoine Dalmas
1884 1889 Thomas Raybaud
1889 1889 Angelin Passeron
1889 1892 Véran Dalmas
1892 1896 Benoit Dalmas
1896 1912 Louis Alziary
1912 1912 Jean Niel
1912 1929 Angelin Raybaud
1929 1947 Louis Dalmas
1947 1965 Angelin Raybaud
1965 1977 Denis Gastaud
1977 1995 Raoul Gastaud
1995 2020 Vincent Giobergia

(Not all data is known)

A municipal election was held in 1999 following a long municipal crisis leading to the dissolution of the council by the Council of Ministers and leading to the election of Vincent Giobergia.

From 1 January 2014 Ascos has been a member of the Community of Communes of Alpes d'Azur. Formerly it was a member of the Community of communes of vallées d'Azur until this disappeared under the new departmental plan for inter-communal cooperation.

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 143 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
370 383 424 390 - 493 - 488 -
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
537 516 510 476 470 502 523 439 426
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
449 440 396 387 390 362 333 270 190
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
155 143 120 132 123 145 153 143 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Ascros

Older demographics can be found in the book:

  • Alain Ruggiero, The population of the County of Nice from 1693 to 1939, Serre éditeur, Nice, 2002 (ISBN 2-86410-342-7)
View of Ascos coming from Toudon

Sites and Monuments[edit]

  • The Church of Saint-Véran, a Romanesque church from the 12th century rebuilt. The church has a nave with three arched vaults and a semi-circular vaulted Apse cul-de-four. The side tower has been rebuilt with an entrance porch.
  • Ruins of the feudal Chateau des Grimaldi.[5]
  • Chapel of Sainte-Anne at the entrance to the village - a place of pilgrimage.
  • The hamlet of Crottes to the east of the village. A Roman road passed through here. A pathway leads to the Chapel of Sainte-Baume.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Sylvain Gagnière, Ascros (Alpes-Maritimes), Gallia Préhistoire, IV, 1961, p. 378. (French)
  • Sylvain Gagnière, Ascros (Alpes-Maritimes), Gallia Préhistoire, VI, 1963, p. 366-368. (French)
  • Yves Bernard, The Tourist and Cultural Annual of Alpes-Maritimes and Monaco, p. 221, Éditions Campanile, 1997 ISBN 2912366-003 (French)

Related articles[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Alpes-Maritimes (French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ Google Books: Jean Baptiste Toselli, NIce biography andcient and modern or historic dictionary, Vol 1 A-G, p. 355-358, Nice, 1860 (French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  5. ^ Georges Barbier, Châteaux and fortified places in the County of Beuil, p. 187-188, Nice-Historique, 1994, No. 11 Read online (French)

External Links[edit]