Ashburton (New Zealand electorate)

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Ashburton was a New Zealand electorate, first created in 1881 and based around the South Island town of Ashburton.

Population centres[edit]

The previous electoral redistribution was undertaken in 1875 for the 1875–76 election. In the six years since, New Zealand's European population had increased by 65%. In the 1881 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of European representatives to 91 (up from 84 since the 1875–76 election). The number of Māori electorates was held at four. The House further decided that electorates should not have more than one representative, which led to 35 new electorates being formed, including Ashburton, and two electorates that had previously been abolished to be recreated. This necessitated a major disruption to existing boundaries.[1][2]

The town of Ashburton itself was on the very edge of the electorate, which stretched northwest up the Ashburton River. It included Methven, Mount Somers, and Lake Heron. However, the boundaries of Ashburton electorate were highly variable, with the town of Ashburton being the only constant. In the 1887 election, the most of the electorate's southern half was taken away to join the new Rangitata seat, but in the 1890 election, most of this territory was regained, with a similar amount of territory in the north, around Methven, being taken instead. Methven was incorporated into the Ellesmere seat. Ashburton also gained territory on the coast at this point. In the 1893 election, the situation reverted to its previous state, with the south being lost and Methven regained, but this itself was reversed in the 1896 election. The electorate then remained relatively stable until the 1911 election, when completely new boundaries were established — the electorate was now centred on Geraldine, with Ashburton itself in a spur at the northeastern extremity. The 1919 election saw a complete revocation of this, with the electorate going back to focus on its original southern territories, and gaining Lake Coleridge. It lost Lake Coleridge again in the 1922 election. In the 1928 election, the seat was abolished, with its northern half merging with Ellesmere to form Mid-Canterbury and its southern half being absorbed into Temuka.

The 1941 census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, 19 electorates were created for the first time, and eight former electorates were re-established, including Ashburton.[3][2] The recreated Ashburton electorate took territory from both Mid-Canterbury and Temuka. In the 1957 election, it gained Geraldine from Waimate, but lost Methven to Selwyn. In the 1963 election, it gained a large amount of inland territory, including Lake Tekapo and Twizel. In 1969 election, the electorate was abolished — most of its territory was merged with Waitaki to form South Canterbury, while Ashburton itself was incorporated into Selwyn.

A third electorate named Ashburton was created for the 1978 election.[2] It was formed from the southern portion of Rakaia (the successor to Selwyn) and the northern portion of South Canterbury, and included Methven, Geraldine, and Fairlie. In the 1984 election, Fairlie was absorbed into Timaru, and in the 1987 election, the electorate absorbed the town of Rakaia. In the 1990 election, the seat was abolished again, with the seat of Rakaia being established to replace it.

History[edit]

Although the electorate has always included the town of Ashburton, and often a number of smaller towns, the bulk of its territory has always been rural. As such, the electorate has tended to be rather conservative in its political outlook. The Liberal Party held the seat for a time during its period of dominance, but the seat later became the stronghold of William Nosworthy, a senior figure in the conservative Reform Party.[4] By the time of the second Ashburton electorate, rural New Zealand was largely united behind the National Party, which held Ashburton for the whole of its second and third incarnations. Its last MP was Jenny Shipley, who went on to become Prime Minister.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Reform    National  

Elections Winner
1881 election Edward George Wright
1884 election William Walker
1887 election
1890 election Edward George Wright (2nd time)
1893 election John McLachlan
1896 election Edward George Wright (3rd time)
1899 election John McLachlan (2nd time)
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election William Nosworthy
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election
1925 election
(Electorate abolished 1928–1946, see Mid-Canterbury)
1946 election Richard Gerard
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election Rob Talbot
(Electorate abolished 1969–1978, see South Canterbury)
1978 election Rob Talbot (2nd time)
1981 election
1984 election
1987 election Jenny Shipley
1990 election
(Electorate abolished in 1993; see Rakaia)

Election results[edit]

1925 election[edit]

General election, 1925: Ashburton[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform William Nosworthy 3,982 53.30 +1.20
Labour J. N. Harle 1,864 24.96 +8.29
Independent Nationalist R. Galbraith 1,134 15.18
Liberal H. M. Jones 417 5.58 -25.65
Majority 2,117 28.43 +7.56
Turnout 7,466 92.08 +2.41
Registered electors 8,108

1922 election[edit]

General election, 1922: Ashburton[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform William Nosworthy 3,700 52.10 -6.61
Liberal Henry Manwell Jones 2,218 31.23 +27.03
Labour Frederick Cooke 1,184 16.67
Majority 1,482 20.87 -0.74
Turnout 7,102 89.67 +4.06
Registered electors 7,920

1919 election[edit]

General election, 1919: Ashburton[6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform William Nosworthy 4,056 58.71
Liberal William Dickie 2,563 37.10
Independent Liberal Henry Manwell Jones 290 4.20
Majority 1,493 21.61
Informal votes 42 0.60
Turnout 6,951 85.61
Registered electors 8,119

1911 election[edit]

General election, 1911: Ashburton, first ballot[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform William Nosworthy 2,864 47.98 +24.18
Liberal John Kennedy 1,534 25.70
Reform William Maslin 1,153 19.32 14.44
Independent John McLachlan 418 7.00
Majority 1,330 22.28 +5.11
Informal votes 64 1.06
Turnout 6,033 85.16 +3.98
Registered electors 7,084
General election, 1911: Ashburton, second ballot[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Reform William Nosworthy 3,232 58.22
Liberal John Kennedy 2,319 41.78
Majority 913 16.45
Informal votes 8 0.14
Turnout 5,559 78.47
Registered electors 7,084

1908 election[edit]

General election, 1908: Ashburton, first ballot[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Frederick Flatman 2,293 40.97
Opposition William Nosworthy 1,332 23.80
Opposition David Jones 1,302 23.26
Ind. Labour League John Doran Gobbe 397 7.09
Opposition William Maslin 273 4.88
Majority 961 17.17 +12.47
Turnout 5,597 81.19 -3.40
Registered electors 6,894
General election, 1908: Ashburton, second ballot[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Opposition William Nosworthy 3,014 57.07
Liberal Frederick Flatman 2,267 42.93
Majority 747 14.15 +9.45
Turnout 5,281 76.60 -7.98
Registered electors 6,894

1905 election[edit]

General election, 1905: Ashburton[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John McLachlan 2,518 48.48 +2.81
Opposition John Studholme 2,274 43.78 +7.51
Liberal Joseph Sealy 402 7.74
Majority 244 4.70 -4.71
Informal votes 45 0.86
Turnout 5,239 84.58 +5.14
Registered electors 6,194

1902 election[edit]

General election, 1902: Ashburton[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John McLachlan 2,132 45.67 -2.59
Opposition John Studholme 1,693 36.27
Liberal William Brock 783 16.77
Liberal Albert Ager 60 1.29
Majority 439 9.40 -9.69
Turnout 4,668 79.44 -0.89
Registered electors 5,876

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Ashburton[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John McLachlan 2,027 48.26 +18.37
Opposition Charles John Harper 1,225 29.17
Independent William Maslin 727 17.31
Liberal John McKeague 221 5.26
Majority 802 19.10 +12.38
Turnout 4,200 80.34 +6.05
Registered electors 5,228

1896 election[edit]

General election, 1896: Ashburton[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Opposition Edward George Wright 1,320 36.61
Liberal John McLachlan 1,078 29.89 -2.33
Independent Rev. James Wright Sawle[16] 981 27.20
Independent Joseph Ivess 227 6.30
Majority 242 6.71
Turnout 3,606 74.29
Registered electors 4,854[17]

1893 election[edit]

General election, 1893: Ashburton[18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal John McLachlan 1,117 32.23
Opposition Cathcart Wason 1,091 31.48
Liberal George Chester Waby 714 20.60
Opposition Charles Purnell[19] 544 15.70
Majority 26 0.75 -0.23
Turnout 3,466 66.06 +13.69
Registered electors 5,247

1890 election[edit]

General election, 1890: Ashburton[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent Edward George Wright 577 35.44
Independent Rev. James Wright Sawle[21] 561 34.46
Independent William Campbell Walker 334 20.52 -52.59
Independent James Brown[22] 156 9.58
Majority 16 0.98 -45.23
Turnout 1,628 52.36 +4.99
Registered electors 3,109

1887 election[edit]

General election, 1887: Ashburton[23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent William Campbell Walker 878 73.11
Independent Charles Purnell 323 26.89
Majority 555 46.21
Turnout 1,201 47.38
Registered electors 2,535

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 43–48.
  2. ^ a b c Wilson 1985, p. 258.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 223.
  5. ^ a b "Official Counts". Retrieved 27 April 2014. 
  6. ^ The New Zealand Official Year-Book. Government Printer. 1920. Retrieved 2 August 2013. 
  7. ^ "Declaration of Result of Poll for the Electoral District of Ashburton". Ashburton Guardian XI (9191). 30 December 1919. p. 1. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "The General Election, 1911". National Library. 1912. p. 8. Retrieved 1 August 2013. 
  9. ^ AtoJs 1908 election 1909, p. 33.
  10. ^ AtoJs 1908 election 1909, p. 19.
  11. ^ "The General Election, 1905". National Library. 1906. p. 4. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  12. ^ "The General Election, 1902". National Library. 1903. p. 2. Retrieved 15 February 2014. 
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 2. Retrieved 1 November 2012. 
  14. ^ "Electoral District of Ashburton". Ashburton Guardian XXI (4977). 28 November 1899. p. 3. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  15. ^ "Public Notices". Ashburton Guardian XVII (4061). 7 December 1896. p. 3. Retrieved 17 January 2014. 
  16. ^ "Obituary". The Press LVI (16961). 9 October 1920. p. 3. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  17. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 64.
  18. ^ "The General Election, 1893". Government Printer. 1894. p. 2. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  19. ^ Scholefield 1940, p. 190.
  20. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. p. 2. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  21. ^ "Obituary". The Press LVI (16961). 9 October 1920. p. 3. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  22. ^ "Electoral District of Ashburton". Ashburton Guardian VII (2587). 1 December 1890. p. 3. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  23. ^ "The General Election, 1887". National Library. 1887. p. 3. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 

References[edit]