Ashby de la Launde

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Coordinates: 53°05′N 0°26′W / 53.08°N 00.43°W / 53.08; -00.43

Ashby de la Launde
Ashby Church.jpg
St Hybald's church
Ashby de la Launde is located in Lincolnshire
Ashby de la Launde
Ashby de la Launde
 Ashby de la Launde shown within Lincolnshire
OS grid reference TF0555
    - London 105 mi (169 km)  S
District North Kesteven
Shire county Lincolnshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Lincoln
Postcode district LN4
Police Lincolnshire
Fire Lincolnshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament Sleaford and North Hykeham
List of places
UK
England
Lincolnshire

Ashby de la Launde is a small village, part of the civil parish of Ashby de la Launde and Bloxholm, in the North Kesteven district of Lincolnshire, England. The village is located just west of Digby, and east of the A15 and B1191 roads.

History[edit]

In Domesday Book the village is called "Ashebi", comprising two manors, in the possession of Ralph Paynel and Kolsveinn of Lincoln.[1]

The Lord of the Manor, William de Essheby, (or Ashby), founded the Knights Templar preceptory Temple Bruer, around 1150,[2] joining the order himself, and increasing his endowment to it before his death.[3] In time, the preceptory, became the second wealthiest in Britain, funding the Crusades from sheep rearing and wool exports to Europe.

Existing manor at Boothby Pagnell resembles the original manor at Ashby de la Launde, built in 1220.[4]

A descendent, also named William de Essheby, gave the Knights Templar the advowson of the village's church, dedicated to Saint Hybald, in return for the Templars providing, for ever more, a chaplain to perform divine service in the private chapel, dedicated to St. Margaret, in the de Essheby's manor house.[5] This manor house, built in 1220, was 'a rectangular two-storeyed semi-fortified manor with first floor external stair access', similar in style to the surviving manor at Boothby Pagnell, Lincolnshire.[4]

The advowson returned to the family, in the 13th century, but, after the death of his son, Jordan de Essherby once again gave the Church to the Templars.[5]

In the 13th century, Cecilia, daughter of Jordan de Essheby, married Walter de la Laund (or Launde), Lord of the Manor of Laceby.[5] Upon the death of her father circa 1260, Cecilia, his sole heir, inherited the Ashby manor, and the settlement became known as Ashby de la Launde.[5]

In the 1400s, descendant Thomas de la Launde, commenced a suit against the Knights Hospitaller, who had been given many of the Templars assets after their dissolution, to regain the advowson of the church, but he died before it was completed.[3] In 1493, another Thomas de la Launde commenced a similar suit.[3]

The de la Launde's finally lost their land holdings in the area in the reign of Henry VIII.[4] The King granted the manor to John Bellow and Robert Brocklesby in 1543, John Bussey then held it from 1555, until, in 1564, the estate was purchased by Thomas York.[4] In 1580, George, the son of Thomas York, sold the estate to Edward King.[4]

Ashby Hall[edit]

Ashby Hall was built in 1595 by Edward King using the original Norman manor house as part of the foundations.[4] It remained in the King family until the late 19th century when it passed through the female line to Colonel William Vere Reeve King-Fane. Between the years 1814 and 1835 it was let to a Mrs Gardner as a girls' school.

The hall was home to Colonel Edward King (c 1606 - 1681) Member of Parliament for Great Grimsby,[4] as was his father-in-law Sir Edward Ayscough. Colonel King was a strong supporter of Oliver Cromwell, serving as a Captain in the Parliamentary army and as Governor of Boston during the Commonwealth. Despite his strong republican and nonconformist beliefs, he is credited as being the first Member of Parliament to call for the restoration of Charles II.

John William King, parson and racehorse breeder, was owner of Ashby Hall in 1841.

In 1841 the Hall and estate passed to John William King who was also the parson of Ashby. Now squire and parson he took over the stables and stud and set about breeding racehorses.[4] In 1874 his filly Apology won the Triple Crown of the Thousand Guineas, the Oaks and the St Leger. His activities came to the notice of Bishop Wordsworth of Lincoln who demanded his resignation from his church positions.[6] King resigned a year later and died on 9 May 1875.[6]

The Hall was sold in 1925 by Colonel William Vere Reeve King-Fane of Fulbeck to George Canning, Baron Garvagh who had sold his Irish estates in Garvagh near Londonderry and moved his family to Ashby Hall.[4] Lord Garvagh rebuilt and modernised parts of the Hall, and during the Great Depression, to keep his staff employed, he built a large wooden indoor Badminton court which in later years became the present Village Hall; it has been relocated today in the centre of the village.

Lord Garvagh moved to Keswick at the beginning of the Second World War, and by 1942 various fighter squadrons at RAF Digby had taken over Ashby Hall as their officer's mess.[4] One of the most notable was 609 Squadron (White Rose). By the end of the war the house became derelict and stood empty until the estate were broken up in the late 1950s. The park was cleared of its magnificent oak trees, the walled garden and surrounding farms sold separately, leaving the Hall itself to become the Lake Rendezvous Club, featuring many famous acts in its cabaret including Diana Dors, Bob Monkhouse and Ken Dodd.

The Hall and Club was purchased by the Ward family in the late 1960s under the new name Ashby Country Club, eventually closing in 1992.[4] The Hall was then purchased by Eran Bauer and became the international headquarters of the defence and security manufacturing company Civil Defence Supply,[7] who continue ownership to this day.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Domesday on-line.
  2. ^ Temple Bruer (34929). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  3. ^ a b c Page, William, ed. (1906). A History of the County of Lincoln (Volume: 2). Victoria County History. pp. 210–213 'Houses of Knights Templars: Willoughton, Eagle, Aslackby, South Witham and Temple Bruer'. Retrieved 10 December 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Ashby Hall, park and gardens, Ashby de la Launde". Heritage Gateway. Retrieved 2013-12-11. 
  5. ^ a b c d Sketches, Illustrative of the Topography and History of New and Old Sleaford, in the County of Lincoln, and of Several Places in the Surrounding Neighbourhood .... J. Creasey. 1825. pp. 140–142. 
  6. ^ a b MORTON'S SEXPENNY ALMANACK AND DIARY, WITH COMPENDIUM. 1815. p. 110. 
  7. ^ Civil Defence Supply

External links[edit]