Ashe v. Swenson

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Ashe v. Swenson
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
Argued November 13, 1969
Decided April 6, 1970
Full case name Bob Fred Ashe, Petitioner v. Harold R. Swenson, Warden
Citations 397 U.S. 436 (more)
90 S.Ct. 1189
Holding
When an issue of ultimate fact has once been determined by a valid and final judgment, that issue cannot again be litigated between the same parties in any future lawsuit.
Court membership
Case opinions
Plurality Stewart, joined by Douglas, White, Marshall
Concurrence Black
Concurrence Harlan
Concurrence Brennan, joined by Douglas, Marshall
Dissent Burger

Ashe v. Swenson, 397 U.S. 436 (1970), was a decision by the United States Supreme Court, which held that "when an issue of ultimate fact has once been determined by a valid and final judgment, that issue cannot again be litigated between the same parties in any future lawsuit." The Double Jeopardy Clause prevents a state from relitigating a question already decided in favor of a defendant at a previous trial. Here, the guarantee against double jeopardy enforceable through the Fourteenth Amendment provided that the government could not prosecute the criminal defendant in a second trial as it related to a different victim but the same robbery the criminal defendant was acquitted of in the first trial.

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External links[edit]

  • Text of Ashe v. Swenson, 397 U.S. 436 (1970) is available from:  Findlaw  Justia