Ashford (UK Parliament constituency)

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Ashford
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Ashford in Kent for the 2010 general election.
Outline map
Location of Kent within England.
County Kent
Electorate 81,947 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Tenterden and Ashford, Kent
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Damian Green (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from West Kent
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency South East England

Ashford is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 1997 by Damian Green of the Conservative Party.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

Ashford has the same boundaries as the Borough of Ashford that has the large town of Ashford which has Ashford International railway station and the smaller town of Tenterden, one of the area's 46 villages, towns or town suburbs which are organised communities into civil parishes. Ashford town centre, its north and its west are the only unparished area.[2]

After latest boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Kent, the Boundary Commission for England made major changes to the existing constituencies as a consequence of population expansion across the county. These changes took effect at the 2010 general election.

The electoral wards used in the modified Ashford constituency are entirely within the borough of Ashford;

Constituency profile[edit]

Political history

Created under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885, Ashford has been won by a Conservative at every election except that of 1929 when it was won by a Liberal, after that party's turn towards the left marked by the People's Budget in 1911, who won with a majority of less than 1% of the vote.

The last occasion its safe seat credentials were dented was in 1997 when its voters returned a Conservative with a 9.7% majority.

Economy

The constituency has its express-enabled station to London, Paris and Brussels leading to a considerable use including by local international employers supporting local shops, leisure facilities and attractions. Its use increased by over a million per year in the seven years to 2012, to 3.3 million entries and exits that year. At the end of 2012 the unemployment rate in the constituency stood as 2.0% of the population claiming jobseekers allowance, compared to the regional average of 2.4% and national average of 3.8%.[3]

Members of Parliament[edit]

  • Constituency created (1885)
Election Member[4] Party
1885 William Pomfret Pomfret Conservative
1892 Laurence Hardy Conservative
1918 Samuel Strang Steel Coalition Conservative
1929 Rev. Roderick Kedward Liberal
1931 Michael Knatchbull Conservative
1933 by-election Patrick Spens Conservative
1943 by-election Edward Percy Smith Conservative
1950 Bill Deedes Conservative
1974 Keith Speed Conservative
1997 Damian Green Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Ashford[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Damian Green 29,878 54.1 +2.7
Liberal Democrat Chris Took 12,581 22.8 +7.2
Labour Chris Clark 9,204 16.7 −9.7
UKIP Jeffrey Elenor[6] 2,508 4.5 +1.4
Green Steven Campkin 1,014 1.8 −1.6
Majority 17,297 31.3
Turnout 55,185 67.9 +2.5
Conservative hold Swing +2.3

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Ashford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Damian Green 26,651 51.6 +4.2
Labour Valerie Whitaker 13,353 25.8 −6.3
Liberal Democrat Chris Took 8,308 16.1 +1.0
Green Richard Boden 1,753 3.4 +0.6
UKIP Bernard Stroud 1,620 3.1 +0.5
Majority 13,298 25.7 +10.4
Turnout 51,685 65.0 +2.5
Conservative hold Swing +5.2
General Election, 2001: Ashford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Damian Green 22,739 47.4 +6.0
Labour John Adams 15,380 32.1 +0.4
Liberal Democrat Keith Fitchett 7,236 15.1 −4.6
Green Richard Boden 1,353 2.8 +1.6
UKIP David Waller 1,229 2.6 N/A
Majority 7,359 15.3 +5.6
Turnout 47,937 62.5 −11.7
Conservative hold Swing +3.2

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Ashford[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Damian Green 22,899 41.4 −13.2
Labour John Ennals 17,554 31.7 +11.7
Liberal Democrat John Williams 10,901 19.7 −4.4
Referendum Party Christopher Cruden 3,201 5.8 N/A
Green Richard Boden 660 1.2 −0.2
Natural Law Stephen Tyrell 89 0.2 N/A
Majority 5,345 9.7 −20.8
Turnout 55,302 74.2 −5.0
Conservative hold Swing −12.5
General Election 1992: Ashford[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Keith Speed 31,031 54.6 −1.9
Liberal Democrat Ms. Christine L.B. Headley 13,672 24.1 −3.3
Labour Ms. Doreen A. Cameron 11,365 20.0 +5.3
Green Dr. Andrew Porter 773 1.4 −0.1
Majority 17,359 30.5 +1.3
Turnout 56,841 79.2 +3.5
Conservative hold Swing +0.7

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Ashford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Keith Speed 29,978 56.54
Social Democrat NN Macmillan 14,490 27.33
Labour MJ Wiggins 7,775 14.66
Green Dr. CA Porter 778 1.47
Majority 15,488 29.21
Turnout 75.69
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Ashford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Keith Speed 27,230 56.80
Social Democrat J Hawkes 13,319 27.78
Labour P Lewis 6,167 12.87
Ecology Dr. CA Porter 569 1.19
National Labour JW King 456 0.95
BNP RE Lockwood 195 0.41
Majority 13,911 29.02
Turnout 73.25
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Ashford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Herbert Keith Speed 26,224 55.65
Labour AA Gilbert 12,586 26.71
Liberal A Wainman 7,631 16.20
National Front KR McKilliam 678 1.44
Majority 13,638 28.94
Turnout 76.67
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Ashford

Electorate 58,404

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Herbert Keith Speed 19,294 44.31
Labour MB Jackson 13,269 30.47
Liberal CG Dennis 10,983 25.22
Majority 6,025 13.84
Turnout 74.54
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Ashford

Electorate 57,901

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Francis Deedes 21,773 46.2
Liberal CG Dennis 13,314 28.2
Labour MB Jackson 12,077 25.6
Majority 8,459 18.0
Turnout 81.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Ashford

Electorate 66,975

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Francis Deedes 26,649 54.8
Labour John M Bowyer 14,037 28.9
Liberal Charles Truman 7,902 16.3
Majority 12,612 26.0
Turnout 48,588 72.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Ashford

Electorate 56,669

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Francis Deedes 21,362 50.0
Labour Charles A Thomas 13,249 31.0
Liberal J Gavin W Peck 8,121 19.0
Majority 8,113 19.0
Turnout 42,732 75.4
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Ashford

Electorate 54,879

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Francis Deedes 21,026 49.4
Labour Charles A Thomas 11,989 28.2
Liberal J Gavin W Peck 9,531 22.4
Majority 9,037 21.2
Turnout 42,546 77.5
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Ashford

Electorate 52,097

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Francis Deedes 25,383 62.88
Labour Reginald Ward 14,983 37.12
Majority 10,400 25.76
Turnout 40,366 77.48
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Ashford
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Francis Deedes 23,992 60.47
Labour Neville Devonshire Sandelson 15,685 39.53
Majority 8,307 20.94
Turnout 78.07
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Ashford

Electorate 49,715

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Francis Deedes 24,093 59.14
Labour Neville Devonshire Sandelson 16,645 40.86
Majority 7,448 18.28
Turnout 81.94
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Ashford

Electorate 48,607

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Francis Deedes 21,095 51.61
Labour Neville Devonshire Sandelson 14,948 36.57
Liberal H Shirley 4,828 11.81
Majority 6,147 15.04
Turnout 84.08
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Ashford

Electorate 50,760

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Edward Percy Smith 18,800 52.0
Labour H W Lee 12,575 34.8
Liberal H Vesey Strong 4,804 13.3
Majority 6,225 17.2
Turnout 71.27
Conservative hold Swing

Election in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 14 November 1935: Ashford

Electorate 48,914

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Patrick Spens 21,323 59.2
Liberal Richard Borlase Matthews 8,338 23.2
Labour W J Beck 6,333 17.6
Majority 12,985 36.1
Turnout 73.6
Conservative hold Swing
Ashford by-election, 1933:

Electorate 47,434

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William Patrick Spens 16,051 47.7
Liberal Rev. Roderick Morris Kedward 11,423 33.9
Labour W J Beck 6,178 18.4
Majority 4,628 13.8
Turnout 70.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 27 October 1931: Ashford

Electorate 46,882

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Michael Herbert Rudolf Knatchbull 20,891 58.7
Liberal National Rev. Roderick Morris Kedward 14,681 41.3
Majority 6,210 17.5
Turnout 75.9

Election in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 30 May 1929:

Electorate 45,445

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Rev. Roderick Morris Kedward 15,753 46.0 +24.2
Conservative Samuel Strang Steel 14,579 42.6
Labour Dr Mont Follick 3,885 11.4
Majority 1,174 3.4
Turnout 75.3
General Election 29 October 1924:

Electorate 35,659

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Samuel Strang Steel 15,159 60.4
Liberal Leonard John Humphrey 5,487 21.8
Labour Basil Noble 4,473 17.8
Majority 9,672 38.6
Turnout 70.4
General Election 6 December 1923:

Electorate 35,223

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Samuel Strang Steel 12,644
Labour Basil Noble 7,709
Majority
Turnout
General Election 15 November 1922:

Electorate 36,054

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Samuel Strang Steel 15,638
Labour Basil Noble 6,977
Majority
Turnout

Election in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 14 December 1918:

Electorate 32,349

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Maj. Samuel Strang Steel 10,258
Independent W H Deades 2,408
Majority
Turnout

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Wards of the United Kingdom mentioned that are unlinked do not qualify for their own articles under WP:UKTOWNS, see instead Template:Ashford
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ 2011 Census Custom tables: administrative parish hierarchy. Retrieved 2013-07-17
  3. ^ Unemployment claimants by constituency The Guardian
  4. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "A" (part 3)[self-published source][better source needed]
  5. ^ Ashford.gov.uk
  6. ^ "UKIP: Ashford". UKIP. Archived from the original on 13 April 2010. Retrieved 5 April 2010. 
  7. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1997. Politics Resources. 1 May 1997. Retrieved 2010-12-25. 
  8. ^ C. Rallings & M. Thrasher, The Media Guide to the New Parliamentary Constituencies, p.120 (Plymouth: LGC Elections Centre, 1995)
  9. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 

Sources[edit]

  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1974)
  • Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1950. The Times. 1950. 
  • The Times House of Commons 1955. The Times. 1955. 

Coordinates: 51°06′N 0°48′E / 51.1°N 0.8°E / 51.1; 0.8