Ashford International railway station

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Ashford International National Rail
Ashford International
Location
Place Ashford
Local authority Borough of Ashford
Coordinates 51°08′37″N 0°52′28″E / 51.1436°N 0.87448°E / 51.1436; 0.87448Coordinates: 51°08′37″N 0°52′28″E / 51.1436°N 0.87448°E / 51.1436; 0.87448
Grid reference TR011421
Operations
Station code AFK
Managed by Southeastern
Number of platforms 6
DfT category B
Live arrivals/departures and station information
from National Rail Enquiries
Annual rail passenger usage*
2004/05  2.286 million
2005/06 Increase 2.409 million
2006/07 Increase 2.606 million
2007/08 Increase 2.819 million
2008/09 Decrease 2.758 million
2009/10 Decrease 2.756 million
2010/11 Increase 3.123 million
2011/12 Increase 3.311 million
- Interchange 0.754 million
2012/13 Increase 3.330 million
- Interchange Increase 0.760 million
History
1 December 1842 Opened as "Ashford"
9 July 1923 Renamed "Ashford (Kent)"
8 January 1996 Commencement of Eurostar services
28 February 1996 Rebuilt and renamed "Ashford International"[1]
National RailUK railway stations
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
* Annual estimated passenger usage based on sales of tickets in stated financial year(s) which end or originate at Ashford International from Office of Rail Regulation statistics. Methodology may vary year on year.
Portal icon UK Railways portal

Ashford International railway station (IATA: QDH) serves Ashford in Kent, England. Services are provided by Southeastern, Southern and Eurostar.

International services use platforms 3 & 4, whilst domestic trains use the original platforms 1 & 2, and a new island (platforms 5 & 6) built when the Channel Tunnel opened. While all tracks are electrified with 750 V DC third rail, platforms 3-6 are also electrified with 25 kV 50 Hz AC overhead line.

History[edit]

The present station was opened by the South Eastern Railway (SER) on 1 December 1842, and became part of the Southern Railway during the grouping of 1923. The station then passed on to the Southern Region of British Railways on nationalisation in 1948.

Another station (west of the former SER station) was opened by the London, Chatham and Dover Railway on 1 July 1884 for services via Maidstone East to London. This only lasted 15 years until 1 January 1899 when passenger services were diverted to the former South Eastern Railway station. Remarkably the complete station (buildings and platforms) survived for handling freight and engineering trains until it was closed and demolished around 1999 for construction of the Channel Tunnel Rail Link.

When sectorisation was introduced in the 1980s, the present station was served by Network SouthEast until the privatisation of British Railways.

Ashford station has been rebuilt on two occasions in recent history. The station layout up until the early 1960s consisted of two through tracks, two through platform loops and two bay platforms accessible from the east for terminating services.

For phase two of the Kent electrification scheme in 1962, the two bay platforms were converted into through platforms whilst the main station buildings on either side of the line were replaced by an overbridge including a booking hall, newsagent and catering facilities.

Although most of the original station was swept away during the early 1960s rebuild, two substantial platform canopies dating from the South Eastern & Chatham Railway (SECR) era were retained, albeit without their original wooden valence until the later rebuild of the 1990s. The supporting columns of these canopies were stamped with the date 1908

The previous station entrance, dating from the 1990s until 2009 when it was extended and redeveloped, and forecourt.

The station was rebuilt as Ashford International during the early 1990s for international services from mainland Europe; this included the addition of two platforms to the north of station (the original down island platform had been taken over by international services).

The majority of the overbridge and platform buildings from the early 1960s rebuild were destroyed during the rebuild of the early 1990s. A small section of the 1960s overbridge does remain however, as an emergency exit between the up island platform (platforms 1 and 2) and the up side car park.

Ticket vending facilities[edit]

There are ticket office windows in the domestic booking hall, as well as ticket vending machines.[2] There is a domestic ticket office window in the Eurostar station, staffed during morning peak only. The international ticket counter in the Eurostar station is manned for part of the day.[citation needed]

International services[edit]

Eurostar services
0:00 London St Pancras National Rail London Underground
0:14 Ebbsfleet International National Rail
0:29 Ashford International National Rail
0:31
Channel Tunnel(UK–France border)
0:51
0:55 Calais-Fréthun SNCF
1:22 Lille-Europe SNCF
France–Belgium border
2:01 Brussels-South SNCB logo.svg SNCF Deutsche Bahn Brussels Metro
2:16 Paris Gare du Nord SNCF Paris Métro Réseau express régional Transilien
2:40 Marne la Vallée-Chessy SNCF Réseau express régional(Disneyland)
Seasonal services
4:34 Lyon-Part-DieuSNCF Deutsche Bahn Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles
5:36 Avignon CentreSNCF
5:52 Avignon TGVSNCF Deutsche Bahn Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles
6:17 Aix-en-Provence TGVSNCF Deutsche Bahn Red Nacional de los Ferrocarriles Españoles
7:12 MoûtiersSNCF
7:30 Aime-La Plagne(set down only) SNCF
7:51 Bourg-Saint-MauriceSNCF

Times shown are fastest timetabled journey from St Pancras.

International services started on 8 January 1996. Before the completion of High Speed 1 in November 2007, twelve Eurostar trains a day called, heading to Paris (7 trains) or Brussels (5). However this number was reduced because of the opening of Ebbsfleet station to 3 trains to Paris and a daily service to Disneyland Paris. A direct train for Brussels was reinstated in 2009. It is not permitted to use Eurostar services for domestic journeys to and from London[citation needed]; however, a high-speed domestic service operated by Southeastern to London St Pancras began on 29 June 2009.

Services[edit]

As of December 2011 the typical off-peak service is:

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Ebbsfleet
International
  Eurostar
High Speed 1
  Calais-Fréthun
via the Channel Tunnel
Charing   Southeastern
Maidstone East Line
  Terminus
Pluckley   Southeastern
Ashford to Ramsgate
(via Canterbury West) line
  Wye
Pluckley   Southeastern
South Eastern Main Line
  Westenhanger
Ebbsfleet
International
  Southeastern
High Speed 1
London-Margate
  Canterbury West
Southeastern
High Speed 1
London-Dover
Folkestone West
Ham Street   Southern
Marshlink Line
  Terminus
Disused railways
Pluckley   British Rail
Southern Region

South Eastern Main Line
  Smeeth
Hothfield   British Rail
Southern Region

Maidstone East Line
  Terminus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Eurostar Press Release, "Eurostar celebrates 10 years at Ashford International"
  2. ^ "Station facilities for Ashford International". National Rail Enquiries. 
  3. ^ a b c d Table 207 National Rail timetable, December 2011
  4. ^ Table 196 National Rail timetable, December 2011
  5. ^ Table 189 National Rail timetable, December 2011
  6. ^ "Timetable Core destinations". Eurostar. 12 December 2011. 

External links[edit]