Ashgabat International Airport
Saparmyrat Turkmenbashy International Airport
|IATA: ASB – ICAO: UTAA
|Elevation AMSL||692 ft / 211 m|
|Source: AIP Turkmenistan |
Ashgabat International Airport (IATA: ASB, ICAO: UTAA), formerly known as Saparmurat Turkmenbashy International Airport, is one of two international airports in Turkmenistan. It is located approximately 10 km (6 mi) northwest of the capital Ashgabat (Ashkhabad). The airport, with its air traffic control tower and a 12,000-foot (3,700 m) long precision approach runway (12L-30R), opened in 1994 and was named after the country's first president, Saparmyrat Niyazov.
In 1994, the opening of the airport building. The capacity of the terminal 1,600 passengers per hour. There are two artificial runways, equipped with the second category of ICAO and platform, enabling them to take aircraft of all types. All services of the airport are working around the clock.
On the territory of the airport, passengers are waiting rooms, service passport, customs, border control, working around the clock reference service, VIP and CIP rooms, a business club, a ticket office (Turkmenistan Airlines), shops, bars, fast-food outlets, currency exchange, a new baggage handling conveyor systems, international telephone, a mother and child rooms, the offices of the airlines (Star Alliance, Turkish Airlines).
As part of Saparmurat Niyazov's aspiration to transform Turkmenistan into 'the new Kuwait', he sought to construct a distinctive airport. This zeal resulted in the control tower being constructed on the wrong side of the runway. The 'gaudy new terminal' now blocked the view of air traffic controllers as they guided pilots. The builders warned him of this, however, he responded that, "It looks better this way."
The Turkmen government opened an international tender in 2012 for the construction of a new international airport in Ashgabat, to be named "Oghuz Khagan". Polimeks, a Turkish construction company active in Turkmenistan since the late-1990s was declared as the winner of the tender. The project will cost $2.3 billion (€1.7 billion) and features a highly unsual terminal design, a Turkmen bird. The new airport will be able to serve 14 million passengers per year and is scheduled for completion in 2016. It will have a closed-area of 350.000m2 and include a passenger terminal, VIP terminal, cargo terminal with a capacity to handle 200.000 tonnes of freight per year, a new air traffic control tower (ATCT), a maintenance hangar for three narrow-body aircraft, new fuelling stations, catering, fire brigade, flight simulation, repair and maintenance buildings, parking space for 3.000 cars, a civil aviation school as well as a medical center. Once completed, the airport will also have a new 3.800m long runway to serve wide-body, double-deck jet airliners such as the Airbus A380 and Boeing 747-8.
Since March 2014 will start work a small passenger terminal, which is the period of construction of the main passenger terminal will take the service departing and arriving passengers to Ashgabat. The terminal will be designed for 1,250 passengers per hour. Construction began on the site of a pre-existing Turkmen SSR airport (after the bus station) down the street №2013 (Cosmonaut Blvd.) After the commissioning of the main terminal, the terminal will be used for charter flights.
Airlines and destinations
In Soviet times, the airport was used exclusively for domestic flights. Currently, the aircraft served several foreign airlines in the world, operating both passenger and cargo air transportation.
|China Southern Airlines||Ürümqi|
|Turkmenistan Airlines||Abu Dhabi, Amritsar, Almaty, Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Beijing-Capital, Birmingham, Delhi, Donetsk, Dubai, Frankfurt, Istanbul-Atatürk, Lviv, London-Heathrow, Minsk-National, Moscow-Domodedovo, Kiev-Boryspil, Paris-Charles de Gaulle (begins 20 December 2013), Riga, St. Petersburg, Tashkent|
|Turkmenistan Airlines||Daşoguz, Mary, Türkmenbaşy, Türkmenabat, Balkanabat|
|Volga Dnepr||Düsseldorf, Stavanger|
|Turkmenistan Airlines Cargo||Abu Dhabi,Istanbul,Brno|
- AIP Turkmenistan
- Ghost Wars, Steve Coll; pg. 303 along with the corresponding footnote on pg. 627.
- Hürriyet - Türk firması Türkmenistan'da 2.25 milyar dolarlık ihale kazandı
- Малый терминал будет обслуживать авиапассажиров
- Schedule of international flights
- Accident history for ASB at Aviation Safety Network
- Airport information for UTAA at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- Current weather for UTAA at NOAA/NWS
- Airport information for UTAA at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.