Ashigarakami District, Kanagawa

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Map of Ashigarakami District with Meiji period area in yellow, modern area in green

1 - Nakai, 2 - Ōi, 3 - Matsuda, 4 - Yamakita, 5 - Kaisei

Ashigarakami District (足柄上郡 Ashigarakami-gun?) is a district located in western Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Most of the mountainous district is sparsely populated, and is part of the Tanzawa-Ōyama Quasi-National Park. Parts of the cities of Hadano and Odawara, and the entire city of Minamiashigara were formerly part of Ashigarakami District.

As of 2009, the district had an estimated population of 67,954 and a density of 224 persons per km². The total area was 303.44 km².

Towns and villages[edit]

History[edit]

Historic Map of Ashigarakami District

Ashigarakami District was one of the ancient subdivisions of Sagami Province, per the Nara period Ritsuryō system, under the name as Ashinokami District (足上郡 Ashinokami-gun?). The area was under control of the late Hōjō clan in the Sengoku period, and part of Odawara Domain during the Edo period. Following disasters caused by eruptions of nearby Mount Fuji, a portion also came to be held as tenryō territory administered by the Tokugawa shogunate.

Timeline[edit]

After the Meiji Restoration, it initially formed part of the short-lived Ashigari Prefecture, before was established as a district of Kanagawa Prefecture under the cadastral reform of 1878. In 1889, it was administratively divided into 26 villages.

On April 1, 1972, part of Ashigarakami District became the city of Minamiashigara.

Merger table[edit]

pre-1889 April 1, 1889 1889–1926 1926–1944 1945 - 1954 1955–1989 1989–Present
  Kamihadano village Kamihadano village Kamihadano village Kamihadano village July 28, 1955
Naka District, Nishihadano town
January 1, 1963
merged with Hadano city
Hadano city Hadano
Yamada village Yamada village Yamada village November 3, 1946
Aiwa village
June 20, 1951
merged with Nishihadano village
(Tochikubo area)
Kaminaka village Kaminaka village Kaminaka village
Aiwa village
 
April 1, 1956
Ōi town
Ōi town Ōi
Kaneda village Kaneda village Kaneda village Kaneda village
Soga village Soga village Soga village Soga village April 1, 1956
Ōi town
(Nishiōi・Kamiōi areas)
April 1, 1956
merged with Odawara city
(except Nishiōi, Kamiōi areas)
Odawara city Odawara
Sakurai village Sakurai village Sakurai village December 18, 1950
merged with Odawara city
Odawara city
Naka village April 1, 1908
Nakai village
Nakai village Nakai village December 1, 1963
Nakai town
Nakai town Nakai
Inokuchi village
Sakata village Sakata village Sakata village Sakata village February 1, 1955
Kaisei town
Kaisei town Kaisei
Yoshidajima village Yoshidajima village Yoshidajima village Yoshidajima village
Matsuda village April 1, 1909
Matsuda town
Matsuda town Matsuda town Matsuda town Matsuda town Matsuda
Yadoriki village Yadoriki village Yadoriki village Yadoriki village April 1, 1955
merged with Matsuda town
Minamiashigara village Minamiashigara village April 1, 1940
Minamiashigara town
Minamiashigaru town April 1, 1955
Minamiashigara town
April 1, 1972
Minamiashigara city
Minamiashigara city Minamiashigara
Fukuzawa village Fukuzawa village Fukuzawa village Fukuzawa village
Okamoto village Okamoto village Okamoto village Okamoto village
Kitaashigara village Kitaashigara village Kitaashigara village Kitaashigara village April 1, 1955
Minamiashigara town
(except Hirayama area)
April 1, 1955
merged with Yamakita town
(Hirayama area)
Yamakita town Yamakita
Kawa village Kawa village April 1, 1933
Yamakita town
Yamakita town February 1, 1955
Yamakita town
Kyowa village Kyōwa village Kyōwa village Kyōwa village
Kawanishi village April 1, 1911
Kawanishi village
April 1, 1923
Shimizu village
Shimizu village Shimizu village
Yubure village
Yaga village Yaga village
Yamaichiba village Yamaichiba village
Kaminawa village Kaminawa village February 1, 1925
merged with Shimizu village
(Kaminawa area)
February 1, 1925
merged with Miho village
(Kamioda area)
Miho village Miho village
Nakakawa village April 1, 1909
Miho village
Kurokura village
Yozuku village

Coordinates: 35°24′14″N 139°04′26″E / 35.40389°N 139.07389°E / 35.40389; 139.07389