Ashikaga clan

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This article is about the clan of the Askhikaga shogunate. For the Fujiwara clan, see Ashikaga clan (Fujiwara).
Ashikaga family crest is called Ashikaga Futatsubiki (足利二つ引き?).

The Ashikaga clan (足利氏 Ashikaga-shi?) was a prominent Japanese samurai clan which established the Muromachi shogunate and ruled Japan from roughly 1336 to 1573.[1]

The Ashikaga were descended from a branch of the Minamoto clan, deriving originally from the town of Ashikaga in Shimotsuke province (modern-day Tochigi prefecture).

For about a century the clan was divided in two rival branches, the Kantō Ashikaga, who ruled from Kamakura, and the Kyōto Ashikaga, rulers of Japan. The rivalry ended with the defeat of the first in 1439. The clan had many notable branch clans, including the Hosokawa,[citation needed] Imagawa,[citation needed] Hatakeyama[citation needed] (after 1205), Kira[citation needed], Shiba,[citation needed] and Hachisuka clans.[citation needed] After the head family of the Minamoto clan died out during the early Kamakura period, the Ashikaga came to style themselves as the head of the Minamoto, coopting the prestige which came with that name.

Another Ashikaga clan, not related by blood, and derived instead from the Fujiwara clan, also existed.

Clan heads[edit]

Shoguns[edit]

Notable[edit]

Family tree[edit]

Picture of the genealogy of the Ashikaga.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Ashikaga" in Japan Encyclopedia, pp. 53-57, p. 53, at Google Books; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiyasu" at p. 57., p. 57, at Google Books
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshikane" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Takauji" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  5. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiakira" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  6. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshimitsu" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  7. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshimochi" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  8. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshikazu" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  9. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshinori" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  10. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshikatsu" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  11. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshimasa" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  12. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshihisa" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  13. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshitane" at p. 57., p. 57, at Google Books
  14. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshizumi" at p. 57., p. 57, at Google Books
  15. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiharu" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  16. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiteru" at p. 57., p. 57, at Google Books
  17. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshihide" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books
  18. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshiaki" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  19. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Chachamaru" at p. 54., p. 54, at Google Books
  20. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Masatomo" at p. 54., p. 54, at Google Books
  21. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Mitsukane" at p. 54., p. 54, at Google Books
  22. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Mochiuji" at p. 54., p. 54, at Google Books
  23. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Motouji" at p. 54., p. 54, at Google Books
  24. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Shigeuji" at pp. 54-55., p. 54, at Google Books
  25. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Tadafuyu" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  26. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Tadayoshi" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  27. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Ujimitsu" at p. 55., p. 55, at Google Books
  28. ^ Nussbaum, "Ashikaga Yoshimi" at p. 56., p. 56, at Google Books

References[edit]