Ashland, Ohio

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City of Ashland
City
East Main Street in downtown Ashland in 2007.
East Main Street in downtown Ashland in 2007.
Motto: "Someplace Special"[1]
Location of Ashland, Ohio
Location of Ashland, Ohio
Coordinates: 40°52′1″N 82°18′55″W / 40.86694°N 82.31528°W / 40.86694; -82.31528Coordinates: 40°52′1″N 82°18′55″W / 40.86694°N 82.31528°W / 40.86694; -82.31528
Country United States
State Ohio
County Ashland
Government
 • Mayor Glen P. Stewart[2]
Area[3]
 • Total 11.23 sq mi (29.09 km2)
 • Land 11.17 sq mi (28.93 km2)
 • Water 0.06 sq mi (0.16 km2)
Elevation[4] 1,066 ft (325 m)
Population (2010)[5]
 • Total 20,362
 • Estimate (2012[6]) 20,320
 • Density 1,822.9/sq mi (703.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 44805
Area code(s) 419
FIPS code 39-02568[7]
GNIS feature ID 1060832[4]
Website City of Ashland, Ohio

Ashland is a city in the U.S. state of Ohio and the county seat of Ashland County.[8] The population was 20,362 at the 2010 census. It is the center of the Ashland Micropolitan Statistical Area (as defined by the United States Census Bureau in 2003).

Ashland is well known in the state for its "welcome sign" that proclaims the city to be "The World Headquarters of Nice People."[9]

Ashland was designated a Tree City USA by the National Arbor Day Foundation.

History[edit]

Ashland was laid out by Daniel Carter in 1815. Ashland was originally called Uniontown, but in 1822 the city was compelled to adopt a new name because another city in Ohio was already named Uniontown. The new name of Ashland was selected by supporters of the Kentucky congressman Henry Clay, from Ashland, his estate near Lexington.[10]

Later, "Henry Clay High School" was considered as a name for what is now known as Ashland High School.

In the mid-1800s, Ashland pioneers traveled to Oregon, naming a settlement after the town.

Geography[edit]

Ashland is located at 40°52′1″N 82°18′55″W / 40.86694°N 82.31528°W / 40.86694; -82.31528 (40.867016, -82.315146).[11]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 11.23 square miles (29.1 km2), of which 11.17 square miles (28.9 km2) (or 99.47%) is land and 0.06 square miles (0.16 km2) (or 0.53%) is water.[12]

The city contains 85.6 miles (137.8 km) of streets, one hospital, one fire station, one police station, and five parks.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,264
1860 1,748 38.3%
1870 2,601 48.8%
1880 3,004 15.5%
1890 3,568 18.8%
1900 4,087 14.5%
1910 6,795 66.3%
1920 9,249 36.1%
1930 11,141 20.5%
1940 12,453 11.8%
1950 14,287 14.7%
1960 17,419 21.9%
1970 19,872 14.1%
1980 20,252 1.9%
1990 20,079 −0.9%
2000 21,249 5.8%
2010 21,780 2.5%

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 20,362 people, 8,063 households, and 4,813 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,822.9 inhabitants per square mile (703.8 /km2). There were 8,914 housing units at an average density of 798.0 per square mile (308.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.8% White, 1.4% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.3% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 8,063 households of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.2% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.3% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 36.1 years. 21% of residents were under the age of 18; 15.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 22.5% were from 25 to 44; 23.1% were from 45 to 64; and 17.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.8% male and 53.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 21,249 people, 8,327 households, and 5,262 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,051.5 people per square mile (791.9/km²). There were 8,870 housing units at an average density of 856.4/sq mi (330.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.35% White, 1.19% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.05% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 0.91% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.85% of the population.

There were 8,327 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.8% were non-families. 31.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.6% under the age of 18, 15.4% from 18 to 24, 25.1% from 25 to 44, 20.3% from 45 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 87.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $34,250, and the median income for a family was $42,755. Males had a median income of $33,634 versus $21,781 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,760. About 7.9% of families and 10.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 9.1% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The city is governed by a mayor, Glen P. Stewart, and a five-person city council.

Transportation[edit]

The Ashland County Airport is located three nautical miles (3.5 mi, 5.6 km) northeast of Ashland's central business district.[13]

Education[edit]

Ashland Public Library

Ashland Public Schools enroll 3,717 students in public primary and secondary schools.[14] The district operates seven public schools, including four elementary schools, one middle school, one high school, and one alternative school. Other than public schools, the city is home to Ashland Christian School, St. Edward Catholic School, a US Dept of Education Blue Ribbon School of Excellence, and Ashland Montessori School.

The city is home to Ashland University and Ashland Theological Seminary. Both were established by the Brethren Church--an Evangelical Protestant church in the Anabaptist tradition which is headquartered in Ashland.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "City of Ashland, Ohio". City of Ashland, Ohio. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
  2. ^ "Mayor's Office". City of Ashland OH. Retrieved 2008-01-19. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  6. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  9. ^ "Ashland, Ohio". cbsnews.com. Retrieved August 24, 2012. 
  10. ^ Baughman, Abraham J. (1909). History of Ashland County, Ohio, Volume 1. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 171. 
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Ohio". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-10-19. 
  13. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for 3G4 (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 30 June 2011.
  14. ^ greatschools. "Ashland City School District Profile". Retrieved 2013-12-04. 
  15. ^ "ALLISON, William Boyd, (1829 - 1908)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  16. ^ Rolla Kent Beattie at the SIA archives.
  17. ^ John R. Alden. "Ernest Cline's smart 'Ready Player One' makes cybernerds fun", Cleveland Plain Dealer, August 22, 2011.
  18. ^ "LATTA, James Polk, (1844 - 1911)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved 21 December 2012. 
  19. ^ "Johnny Roseboro Stats". Baseball Almanac. Retrieved December 21, 2012. 
  20. ^ Tim Seder profile at NFL.com
  21. ^ Ashland County Sports Hall of Fame: Matt Underwood

External links[edit]