Ashland City, Tennessee

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Ashland City, Tennessee
Town
Cheatham County Courthouse in Ashland City
Cheatham County Courthouse in Ashland City
Location of Ashland City, Tennessee
Location of Ashland City, Tennessee
Coordinates: 36°16′5″N 87°3′18″W / 36.26806°N 87.05500°W / 36.26806; -87.05500
Country United States
State Tennessee
County Cheatham
Founded 1856
Incorporated 1859[2]
Area
 • Total 9.6 sq mi (24.8 km2)
 • Land 8.9 sq mi (23.0 km2)
 • Water 0.7 sq mi (1.9 km2)
Elevation 427 ft (130 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 4,541[1]
 • Density 410.8/sq mi (158.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 37015
Area code(s) 615
FIPS code 47-02180[3]
GNIS feature ID 1304885[4]
Website www.ashlandcity.net

Ashland City is a town in and the county seat of Cheatham County, Tennessee, United States. The population is 4,541 as of 2010.[1]

History[edit]

Ashland City was created in 1856 as a county seat for the newly established Cheatham County. The county's commissioners purchased the initial 50 acres (0.20 km2) of land (now the courthouse square) from James Lenox, and a temporary courthouse was erected shortly thereafter. The temporary structure was replaced by the present courthouse in 1869.[5] Ashland City was officially incorporated in 1859.[6]

The first major industry in the Ashland City area was the forge operated by Montgomery Bell at Narrows of the Harpeth, several miles to the southwest, which was established in 1818. In 1835, Samuel Watson established a grist mill and powder mill along Sycamore Creek, just north of Ashland City. Watson's mill developed into one of the largest powder mills in the South, making it a target during the American Civil War. The mill continued in operation under various owners until 1904.[5]

The city was either named after Henry Clay's estate Ashland or by an act of the General Assembly of Tennessee in 1859, when the city was incorporated, who were inspired by the ash trees in the area. Originally called Ashland, "City" was added to the name after the incorporation.[7]

Geography[edit]

Ashland City is located at 36°16′5″N 87°3′18″W / 36.26806°N 87.05500°W / 36.26806; -87.05500 (36.267954, -87.054877).[8] The city is situated in a bottomland along the northeast bank of the Cumberland River, a few miles upstream from the river's confluence with the Harpeth River. The Cheatham State Wildlife Management Area covers most of the hilly area on the opposite side of the Cumberland.

Ashland City is centered around the junction of Tennessee State Route 12, which connects the city with Nashville to the south and Clarksville to the northwest, and Tennessee State Route 49, which connects the city to Springfield and Kentucky to the northeast and Charlotte to the west.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 9.6 square miles (25 km2), of which, 8.9 square miles (23 km2) of it is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) of it (7.61%) is water.

Landmarks[edit]

Sydney's Bluff, located on the opposite bank of the Cumberland River, is visible from most parts of the city, especially from the residential districts which are built on hills rising to the north of the river flood plain. This jagged cliff system, which was carved by the Cumberland River, is popular with local rock climbers and hikers.

The bluff was supposedly named after a girl who fell from the bluff while trying to escape hostile Native Americans in the early 19th century.[9]

Cheatham Lock and Dam, is a large recreational area operated by the US Army Corps of Engineers that offers many outdoor experiences such as camping, fishing, wildlife viewing, water sports, swimming, and multiple children's play areas stretching along the Cumberland River. Cheatham Dam is a popular rustic weekend getaway for many surrounding areas.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 641
1920 649 1.2%
1930 712 9.7%
1940 957 34.4%
1950 1,024 7.0%
1960 1,400 36.7%
1970 2,027 44.8%
1980 2,329 14.9%
1990 2,552 9.6%
2000 3,641 42.7%
2010 4,541 24.7%
Est. 2012 4,637 2.1%
Sources:[10][11]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 3,641 people, 1,416 households, and 944 families residing in the town. The population density was 410.8 people per square mile (158.7/km²). There were 1,508 housing units at an average density of 170.2 per square mile (65.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 94.04% White, 3.74% African American, 0.27% Native American, 0.25% Asian, 1.04% from other races, and 0.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.03% of the population.

There were 1,416 households out of which 33.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.3% were married couples living together, 14.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.3% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 9.6% from 18 to 24, 32.7% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 13.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.6 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $35,282, and the median income for a family was $39,550. Males had a median income of $29,694 versus $22,454 for females. The per capita income for the town was $17,228. About 5.5% of families and 9.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.3% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

The largest manufacturing operation in Ashland City is A.O. Smith (State Industries until 2001), which fabricates water heaters. Additionally, the city limits were recently extended along State Highway 12 to the Davidson County line. This expansion incorporated the Cheatham County Industrial Park, which includes Triton Boat as well as barge building operations, paper products, and concrete manufacturers along the Cumberland River. Ashland City industry is served by the Nashville & Western Railroad (which is a division of the Nashville and Eastern Railroad corporation).

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Retrieved: 10 June 2013.
  2. ^ Tennessee Blue Book, 2005–2006, pp. 618-625.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b James Hallums, "Cheatham County." The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture, 2002. Retrieved: 11 February 2008.
  6. ^ "Ashland City Past," 2006–2012. Originally published as Goodspeed's History of Cheatham County, Tennessee by the Goodspeed Publishing Company in 1887. Retrieved: 11 February 2008.
  7. ^ Larry L. Miller (October 2001). Tennessee place names. Indiana University Press. p. 9. ISBN 978-0-253-21478-2. Retrieved 21 November 2011. 
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  9. ^ "Save the Cumberland," 1999. Retrieved: 11 February 2008.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing: Decennial Censuses". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-03-04. 
  11. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°16′05″N 87°03′18″W / 36.267954°N 87.054877°W / 36.267954; -87.054877