Ashland County, Wisconsin

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Ashland County, Wisconsin
Ashland County Courthouse Wisconsin August 2012.jpg
Ashland County Courthouse
Map of Wisconsin highlighting Ashland County
Location in the state of Wisconsin
Map of the United States highlighting Wisconsin
Wisconsin's location in the U.S.
Founded March 27, 1860
Named for Henry Clay's farm Ashland.
Seat Ashland
Largest city Ashland
Area
 • Total 2,292 sq mi (5,936 km2)
 • Land 1,045 sq mi (2,707 km2)
 • Water 1,247 sq mi (3,230 km2), 54.4%
Population
 • (2010) 16,157
 • Density 15/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.ashland.wi.us

Ashland County is a county located in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,157.[1] Its county seat is Ashland.[2] The county was formed on March 27, 1860, from La Pointe County.[3]

History[edit]

Ashland County was named in honor of the Lexington estate of Kentucky statesman Henry Clay, as one of the founders of the city of Ashland was an admirer of Clay.[4]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,292 square miles (5,940 km2), of which 1,045 square miles (2,710 km2) is land and 1,247 square miles (3,230 km2) (54.4%) is water.[5] It is the second-largest county in Wisconsin by total area. The Apostle Islands are a small group of islands in Lake Superior, off the Bayfield Peninsula with the majority of the islands located in Ashland County — only Sand, York and Raspberry Islands are in Bayfield County.

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 515
1870 221 −57.1%
1880 1,559 605.4%
1890 20,063 1,186.9%
1900 20,176 0.6%
1910 21,965 8.9%
1920 24,538 11.7%
1930 21,054 −14.2%
1940 21,801 3.5%
1950 19,461 −10.7%
1960 17,375 −10.7%
1970 16,743 −3.6%
1980 16,783 0.2%
1990 16,307 −2.8%
2000 16,866 3.4%
2010 16,157 −4.2%
Est. 2012 15,992 −1.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2012[1]
2000 Census Age Pyramid for Ashland County

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 16,157 people residing in the county. 84.6% were White, 11.1% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% Black or African American, 0.3% of some other race and 3.3% of two or more races. 1.9% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 25.6% were of German, 7.6% Finnish, 6.8% American, 6.5% Irish and 5.3% Norwegian ancestry.[10]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 16,866 people, 6,718 households, and 4,279 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km²). There were 8,883 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 87.10% White, 0.21% Black or African American, 10.35% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.29% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 1.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 27.8% were of German, 8.4% Finnish, 7.4% Polish, 7.4% Norwegian, 7.3% Swedish and 5.4% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 96.6% spoke English as their first language. The reservation of the Bad River Chippewa Band is partially located in the county.

There were 6,718 households out of which 30.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.60% were married couples living together, 10.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.30% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.01.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 11.20% from 18 to 24, 25.80% from 25 to 44, 21.70% from 45 to 64, and 15.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 97.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.10 males.

Communities[edit]

Ashland County, Wisconsin from 1895 U.S. Atlas
Entrance sign on U.S. Route 2

Cities[edit]

Village[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Wisconsin History: La Pointe County (obsolete)
  4. ^ Wisconsin Historical Society. "Term: Ashland County [origin of place name]". Dictionary of Wisconsin History. Retrieved 2009-04-26. 
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder"
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°43′N 90°34′W / 46.71°N 90.56°W / 46.71; -90.56