Ashta Mathas of Udupi

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The Tulu Ashta Mathas of Udupi are a group of eight mathas or Hindu monasteries established by Madhvacharya, the preceptor of the Dvaita school of Hindu thought. For each of the eight mathas, Madhvacharya also appointed one of his direct disciples to be the first Swami, head of the matha.

Matha First swami Presiding Deity[1] Reigning Swami Successor
Pejavara Adhokshaja Tirtha Vitthala with consorts Sri and Bhudevi Vishwesha Teertha Sri Vishvaprasanna Tirtha Swamiji
Palimaru Hrishikesha Tirtha Kodanda Rama with consort Sita and brother Lakshmana Vidhyadeesha Tirtha
Adamaru Narasimha Tirtha Kaliyamardana Krishna Sri Vishvapriya Tirtha Swamiji Eeshapriya Tirtha
Puttige Upendra Tirtha Vitthala with consorts Rukmini and Satyabhama Sugunendra Tirtha
Sodhe Vishnu Tirtha Bhuvaraha Vishvavallabha Tirtha
Kaniyooru Rama Tirtha Yoga-Narasimha Vidyavallabha Tirtha
Shirur Vamana Tirtha Vitthala (called "Vamana Vitthala" to differentiate from Pejavara icon) with consorts Sri and Bhudevi Lakshmivara Tirtha
Krishnapura Janardhana Tirtha Kaliyamardana Krishna with four arms Vidyasagara Tirtha

The ashta mathas are named after the villages in which they were originally located. Today, the mathas are situated in the temple town of Udupi. The mathas work to propagate the Dvaita philosophy. They also administer the famous Udupi Krishna Temple by way of a formal rotation scheme called Paryaya.

When the ashta mathas were formed, Sri Madhvacharya initiated the Swamijis of the mathas in pairs. Each pair of mathas is called Dwandva (literally, two or dual). In the event the current Paryaya Swamiji has difficulty performing his duties, the Swamiji from the Dwandwa matha takes over the responsibility. The four pairs of mathas are: Palimaru and Adamaru; Krishnapura and Puttige; Shirur and Sodhe; and Kaniyooru and Pejavara.

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  1. ^ Vasudeva Rao (1 January 2002). Living Traditions in Contemporary Contexts: The Madhva Matha of Udupi. Orient Blackswan. pp. 54–5. ISBN 978-81-250-2297-8. 

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