Ashtabula County, Ohio

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Ashtabula County, Ohio
Seal of Ashtabula County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Ashtabula County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded June 7, 1807[1]
Named for "river of many fish" in Iroquoian
Seat Jefferson
Largest city Ashtabula
Area
 • Total 1,367.90 sq mi (3,544 km2)
 • Land 701.93 sq mi (1,819 km2)
 • Water 665.97 sq mi (1,725 km2), 48.69%
Population
 • (2010) 101,497
 • Density 144.6/sq mi (56/km²)
Congressional district 14th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.co.ashtabula.oh.us

Ashtabula County is the northeasternmost county in the state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 101,497, which is a decrease of 1.2% from 102,728 in 2000.[2] The county seat is Jefferson.[3] The county is named for a Native American word[clarification needed] meaning "river of many fish".[4]

The county is probably best known for having seventeen covered bridges within the county limits. Grapes are a popular crop and there are several wineries in the region owing to the favorable microclimate created by the nearby lake. During the winter, Ashtabula County and neighboring Geauga and Lake Counties receives frequent lake effect snow and is part of the Southeastern Lake Erie Snowbelt.

Ashtabula County comprises the Ashtabula, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Cleveland-Akron-Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Ashtabula County is the largest county by area in the state of Ohio. According to the 2010 census, the county has a total area of 1,367.90 square miles (3,542.8 km2), of which 701.93 square miles (1,818.0 km2) (or 51.31%) is land and 665.97 square miles (1,724.9 km2) (or 48.69%) is water.[5]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 7,382
1830 14,584 97.6%
1840 23,724 62.7%
1850 28,767 21.3%
1860 31,814 10.6%
1870 32,517 2.2%
1880 37,139 14.2%
1890 43,655 17.5%
1900 51,448 17.9%
1910 59,547 15.7%
1920 65,545 10.1%
1930 68,631 4.7%
1940 68,674 0.1%
1950 78,695 14.6%
1960 93,067 18.3%
1970 98,237 5.6%
1980 104,215 6.1%
1990 99,821 −4.2%
2000 102,728 2.9%
2010 101,497 −1.2%
Est. 2013 99,811 −1.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
2013 Estimate[2]

In 2010, 24.0% were of German, 14.2% Irish, 14.1% English, 10.7% Italian, 7.4% Polish, 3.3% Finnish, 3.2% Slovak, 1.8% French, 1.7% Scotch-Irish, 1.5% Dutch, 1.3% Swedish, and 1.1% Swiss ancestries according to the 2010 Census.[7][8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 102,728 people, 39,397 households, and 27,774 families residing in the county. The population density was 146 people per square mile (56/km²). There were 43,792 housing units at an average density of 62 per square mile (24/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 94.07% White, 3.16% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 2.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 19.3% were of German, 11.6% Italian, 10.6% English, 10.5% Irish and 10.3% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 95.2% spoke English, 2.4% Spanish, and 0.8% German as their first language.[10]

There were 39,397 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.80% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.50% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, and 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,607, and the median income for a family was $42,449. Males had a median income of $33,105 versus $22,624 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,814. About 9.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Seal of the Ashtabula County Auditor

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

  • I-90.svg Interstate 90 is the main interstate route through Ashtabula County, spanning from the Ohio Turnpike between the Ohio-Indiana State Line and Elyria Township to the Ohio-Pennsylvania State Line. It contains five interchanges in the county at OH 534 (Exit 218), OH 45 (Exit 223), OH 11 and OH 46 (Exit 228), OH 84 and OH 193 (Exit 235), and OH 7 (Exit 241).
  • OH-7.svg Ohio State Route 7 runs along the eastern part of the county as well as the state.
  • OH-11.svg Ohio State Route 11 is a south-to-north state freeway in the county known as Lake to River Highway.
  • OH-167.svg Ohio State Route 167 is a west-to-east state route in the northeastern part of the county running from Jefferson to the Pennsylvania State Line.
  • US 6.svg U.S. Route 6 Grand Army of the Republic Highway honoring American Civil War Veterans
  • US 20.svg U.S. Route 20 runs primarily along the coast of Lake Erie. It was the main west-to-east route in northern Ashtabula County, until I-90 was built.
  • US 322.svg U.S. Route 322 is the southernmost US route in the county that runs straight west to east until it approaches the Pymatuning Reservoir area and curves southeast before crossing the Ohio-Pennsylvania State Line.

Communities[edit]

Map of Ashtabula County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels

Cities[edit]

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other communities[edit]

Culture[edit]

Ashtabula County and neighboring Geauga, Lake and Trumbull Counties fostered a very large Finnish American community around the turn of the twentieth century, and as a result, the area is home to many Finnish Americans, and an annual FinnFest USA celebration is held in Ashtabula.[1]

Ashtabula County has a large number of covered bridges. See List of Ashtabula County covered bridges.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ohio County Profiles: Ashtabula County" (PDF). Ohio Department of Development. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  2. ^ a b "Ashtabula County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Ashtabula County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 2, 2013. 
  7. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_1YR_DP02&prodType=table
  8. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_5YR_B04003&prodType=table
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  10. ^ http://www.mla.org/cgi-shl/docstudio/docs.pl?map_data_results
  11. ^ "Chester Hardy Aldrich". Find A Grave. Retrieved September 29, 2012. 
  12. ^ a b c Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 41°53′N 80°46′W / 41.89°N 80.76°W / 41.89; -80.76