Ashtabula River

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Ashtabula River
Ashtabularivermap.png
Origin

41°48′51″N 80°36′57″W / 41.81417°N 80.61583°W / 41.81417; -80.61583[1]

Confluence of east and west branches in Monroe Township, Ashtabula County
Mouth 41°54′36″N 80°47′55″W / 41.91000°N 80.79861°W / 41.91000; -80.79861Coordinates: 41°54′36″N 80°47′55″W / 41.91000°N 80.79861°W / 41.91000; -80.79861[1] Lake Erie at Ashtabula, Ohio
Basin countries United States of America
Length 40 mi (64 km)[2]
Source elevation 850 ft (259 m) [3]
Mouth elevation 571 feet (174 m)[1]
Basin area 137 mi² (355 km²) [4]

The Ashtabula River[5] is a river located northeast of Cleveland in Ohio. The river flows into Lake Erie at the city of Ashtabula, Ohio. It is 40 mi (64 km) in length and drains 137 mi² (355 km²).[2]

Name[edit]

The Algonquian,[6][7] or the Iroquois,[8] called the Ashtabula river "Hash-tah-buh-lah", meaning "river of many fish".

According to the Geographic Names Information System, the Ashtabula River has also been known as:[1]

  • Ashtibula River
  • Riviere Auscubalu
  • Riviere Oscubolu

Watershed[edit]

On October 30, 2008 the river was designated a State Scenic River by the Director of the Ohio Department of Natural Resources.

Pollution[edit]

In 1985 the first two miles of the river was named an Area of Concern by the International Joint Commission, primarily because of Fields Brook, a tributary that had received discharges from 19 industries between the 1940s - 1970s.[2]

Tributaries[edit]

  • Fields Brook
  • Strong Brook
  • Hubbard Run
  • Ashtabula Creek
  • West Branch Ashtabula River
  • East Branch Ashtabula River

USS Ashtabula[edit]

During World War II, the United States Navy used the names of rivers with aboriginal American origins for an entire class of fleet oilers used to replenish vessels while underway at sea. The USS Ashtabula (AO-51) was commissioned in 1943 and served until 1982. Ashtabula was awarded eight battle stars for World War II service, four battle stars for the Korean War, and eight battle stars for duty in the Vietnam War. Partially scrapped in 1995, Ashtabula was expended as a target in fleet exercises on October 15, 2000. She has been the only Navy vessel to bear the name Ashtabula.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Ashtabula River
  2. ^ a b c [citation needed]
  3. ^ U.S. Geological Survey. Pierpont quadrangle, Ohio. 1:24,000. 7.5 Minute Series. Washington D.C.: USGS, 1994.
  4. ^ "Map of Ohio watersheds". 
  5. ^ United States Geological Survey Hydrological Unit Code: 04-11-00-03-050[citation needed]
  6. ^ "History Page - City of Ashtabula". 
  7. ^ Rose, William Ganson. (1950) Cleveland: The Making of a City, p. 1065
  8. ^ "Ashtabula River | Great Lakes | US EPA".